OGT Social Studies Prep Session 5. Cold War Era Post-Cold War Era. The Cold War It’s Important Points. After WWII, the United States played a vital role in establishing the United Nations, but found itself in a Cold War with the Soviet Union & communism.
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The tense face-off between the United States and the Soviet Union (and their respective allies) was known as the Cold War. It was unusual for 2 main reasons: it lasted for 40 years and Americans & Soviets never fired shots at each other. It was a contest between democracy and dictatorship. The Soviets hoped to dominate the world by converting governments to communism, a dictatorial political and economic system that denied freedom and opportunity to its citizens. The US committed to a policy of containment (stopping the spread of communism) and promoting the growth of democracy in other nations around the world.
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
WARSAW PACT (1955)
Soviet Union (USSR)
The Cold War soon spread from Europe to Asia. When China came under Communist control in 1949, many Americans began talking of an international Communist conspiracy -- pitting the combined muscle of China and the Soviets against the United States.
In such an atmosphere, almost any conflict
anywhere in the world threatened to turn the
Cold War into a hot one.
USSR broke apart in 1991