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Federal Policy Discussion How do Policy Issues play out? ESEA–Budget-Appropriations. AASA National Conference Town Hall on Policy issues February 17, 2012 Bruce Hunter. Federal Policy Topics. Federal role in general Transformation, Reform or Improvement

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Federal policy discussion how do policy issues play out esea budget appropriations

Federal Policy DiscussionHow do Policy Issues play out?ESEA–Budget-Appropriations

AASA National Conference

Town Hall on Policy issues

February 17, 2012

Bruce Hunter


Federal policy topics

Federal Policy Topics

  • Federal role in general

  • Transformation, Reform or Improvement

    • Can the current structure, and financing deliver the level of education desired by politicians, business leaders and policy elites?

    • Can any system deliver high achievement for 100% of students?


Federal policy topics1

Federal Policy Topics

  • Washington elites think standards based reform can deliver the desired outcomes.

  • What is standards based reform?

    • A list of what students should know and be able to do

    • A test or tests that indicate what students have achieved

    • Consequences for schools and school districts where results are deemed too low


Federal policy topics2

Federal Policy Topics

  • Growing chorus thinks the current system cannot deliver what is needed because it is:

    • Too focused on lock step student progress

    • Too focused on tests

    • Not focused enough on content

    • Isn’t individualized enough to deliver for all

    • Is very costly to individualize the current system


Federal policy topics3

Federal Policy Topics

  • So the current federal policy topics are

    • Should control over accountability, assessment and consequences be returned to states? or

    • Should NCLB carry forward but new acronyms? or

    • Should federal waivers drive state decisions regarding structure, accountability, assessment and consequences?

  • No one on the hill is questioning the current standards based format?


Title i structure

Title I Structure

  • HR 3989

  • Adds Programs to Title I

    • Title I

    • Migrant Education

    • N & D

    • Indian education

    • ELL grants

    • Rural

  • Senate Committee

  • Keeps current structure

  • Independent funding authorization

    • Title I

    • Migrant Education

    • N & D


Esea policy moves

ESEA policy moves

House Bills

Senate Committee

October 18,19 &20

Chairman Tom Harkin, IA

Ranking Member Mike Enzi, WY

Voted from committee 16-7

12 D’s & 4R’s

Floor - ? - Harkin says only when House has a bipartisan bill

  • Introduction Feb. 9

  • HR 3989 Student Success Act

  • HR 3990 Encouraging Innovation and Teachers Act

  • Hearing – Feb. 17 Jimmy Cunningham

  • Markup Week of 2/29?

  • Floor?


Title i structure1

Title I Structure

  • HR 3889

  • Permits shifting funds within Title I programs

  • Except

    • Not REAP

    • No funds out of Title I grants to LEAs, only in

    • No state approval,

    • but must be reported and included in local application

  • Senate Committee

  • No funding flexibility


Assessment and accountability improvements accountability

Assessment and AccountabilityImprovements -Accountability

HR 3899

  • States must establish an accountability system

  • Eliminates the impossible goal of 100%

  • Eliminates Adequate Yearly Progress, AYP,

  • Eliminates Annual Measurable Objectives, AMOs

Senate Committee

  • States must establish an accountability system

  • Eliminates the impossible goal of 100%

  • Eliminates Adequate Yearly Progress, AYP,

  • Eliminates Annual Measurable Objectives, AMOs,

  • Eliminates all or nothing scorekeeping


Assessment and accountability status quo accountability

Assessment and AccountabilityStatus Quo – Accountability

HR 3899

  • Disaggregation required - same sub groups

  • Reporting results by sub group required

  • School improvement grants for low performers

Senate Committee

  • Disaggregation required - same sub groups

  • Reporting results by sub group required

  • School improvement grants for low performers


Assessment and accountability improvements assessment

Assessment and AccountabilityImprovements- Assessment

HR 3899

  • Permits multiple measures

  • Requires tests that measure individual proficiency and growth

  • Provides adaptive assessment for students with the most severe cognitive disabilities

Senate Committee

  • Permits multiple measures

  • Includes computer based adaptive assessment

  • Requires adoption of new more accurate assessments


Assessment and accountability changes assessment

Assessment and AccountabilityChanges - Assessment

House Draft

  • Eliminates caps on special education testing -IEP team decision

  • Maintains current 1 year ELL testing requirement

  • Permits shifting to measuring growth, but keeps status testing too

Senate Committee

  • Eliminates the 2% testing cap

  • Changes testing requirement for ELL from one year to two years

  • Permits shifting to measuring growth, but keeps status testing too


Assessment and accountability changes graduation rate

Assessment and AccountabilityChanges – Graduation Rate

HR 3899

  • 4 year cohort graduation rate in accountability

  • State can elect to use adjusted rate for years 5 & 6

Senate Committee

  • 4 year cohort graduation rate in accountability

  • State can elect to use adjusted rate for years 5 & 6

  • Continuous improvement on track

  • Ranking schools required –identify the bottom 5%

    • Achievement

    • Achievement gap


Assessment and accountability changes teacher qualifications

Assessment and AccountabilityChanges – Teacher Qualifications

  • HR 3899

  • Section 1119 of Title I deleted –

  • Silent on teacher qualifications

  • HQT gone

  • Senate Committee

  • Maintains HQT language

  • Unchanged from current law


School improvement strategies

School Improvement Strategies

HR 3899

  • State selects school improvement strategies

Senate Committee

  • Transformation

  • Turnaround

  • Closure

  • Restart

  • Strategic Staffing Strategy

  • Whole School Reform Strategy

  • State Flexibility

  • Rural Waiver


Aasa concerns

AASA Concerns

  • HR 3899

  • Maintenance of Effort

  • Funding Cap

  • Equitable Participation

  • Senate Committee

  • Comparability

  • Foster Children


Aasa concerns other esea titles

AASA ConcernsOther ESEA Titles

  • HR 3890

  • Charter Schools

  • Vouchers

  • Senate Committee

  • Charter Schools


Fy 2013 obama budget proposal education

FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation

  • USED only non-defense funding increase -about $1.7 billion

  • $30 billion to retain, hire teachers and first responders

  • $30 billion to modernize at least 35,000 schools


Fy 2013 obama budget proposal education1

FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation

  • Level funds Title I and IDEA

  • Consolidates 38 programs down to 11

  • $850 million for RTT

  • $150 million for i3

  • $2.5 billion for teacher quality formula grants

  • $400 million for Teachers/Leaders Innovation Fund

  • NEW $5 billion grant program to reform the teaching profession


Fy 2013 obama budget proposal education2

FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation

  • Formula v Competitive grants

  • Reauthorizing ESEA through grants to states

  • Creating 50 even more federally driven SEA’s


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