Mole mass and mole volume relationships
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Mole-Mass and Mole-Volume Relationships. The Mole-Mass Relationship. To convert the mass of a substance to the number of moles of the substance you have to use the molar mass of an element or compound. Mass = # of moles x (mass/1mole). The Mole-Mass Relationship.

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The mole mass relationship
The Mole-Mass Relationship

  • To convert the mass of a substance to the number of moles of the substance you have to use the molar mass of an element or compound.

  • Mass = # of moles x (mass/1mole)

The mole mass relationship1
The Mole-Mass Relationship

  • EX: the molar mass of NaCl is 58.5 g/mol, so the mass of 3.00 mol NaCl is calculated:

    • Mass of NaCl = 3 mol x (58.5 g/1 mol)

    • = 176 g

  • When you measure 176 g of NaCl on a balance, you are measuring 3.00 moles of NaCl.

The mole mass relationship practice
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • What is the mass of 9.45 mol of aluminum oxide (Al2O3)?

    • First add up all the masses

      • Al = 27g x 2 = 54g

      • O = 16g x 3 = 48g

      • Al2O3 = 102 g

    • Then convert from moles to grams:

      • 9.45 mol Al2O3 x (102g/1 mol Al2O3) = 963.9g

The mole mass relationship practice1
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • 16. Find the mass, in grams, of 4.52 x 10-3 mol C20H42.

The mole mass relationship practice2
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • 17. calculate the mass, in grams, of 2.50 mol of iron(II) hydroxide Fe(OH)2.

The mole mass relationship practice3
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • You can calculate the number of moles using the same relationship you use to find the mass of moles by inverting the conversion factor.

  • Moles = mass x (1mole/mass)

The mole mass relationship practice4
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • How many moles of iron(III) oxide are contained in 92.2 g of pure Fe2O3?

  • Fe2O3 = 159.6 g = 1 mol

  • 92.2 g Fe2O3 x (1 mol/159.6 g Fe2O3) = 0.578 mol Fe2O3

The mole mass relationship practice5
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • 18. Find the number of moles in 3.70 x 10-1 g boron.

The mole mass relationship practice6
The Mole-Mass Relationship Practice

  • 19. Calculate the number of moles in 75.0 g of dinitrogen trioxide (N2O3)

The mole volume relationship
The Mole-Volume Relationship

  • Avogadro’s hypothesis states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of particles.

  • Because of variations due to temperature and pressure, the volume of a gas is usually measured at a standard temperature and pressure.

The mole volume relationship1
The Mole-Volume Relationship

  • Standard temperature and pressure (STP) means a temperature of 0C and a pressure of 101.3 kPa, or 1 atmosphere (atm).

The mole volume relationship2
The Mole-Volume Relationship

  • At STP, 1 mol or 6.02 x 1023 representative particles, of any gas occupies a volume of 22.4 L.

  • The quantity, 22.4 L, is called the molar volume of a gas.

The mole volume relationship3
The Mole-Volume Relationship

  • The molar volume is used to convert a known number of moles of gas to the volume of the gas at STP.

  • Volume of gas = moles of gas x (22.4L/1mol)

The mole volume relationship4
The Mole-Volume Relationship

  • Determine the volume, in liters, of 0.60 mol SO2 gas at STP.

  • 1 mol SO2 = 22.4 L SO2

  • Volume = 0.60 mol SO2 x (22.4L/1mol)

  • = 13 L SO2

The mole volume relationship practice
The Mole-Volume Relationship - Practice

  • 20. What is the volume of these gases at STP?

    • A. 3.20 x 10-3 mol CO2

    • B. 3.70 mol N2

The mole volume relationship practice1
The Mole-Volume Relationship - Practice

  • 21. at STP, what volume do these gases occupy?

    • A. 1.25 mol He

    • B. 0.335 mol C2H6

Calculating molar mass from density
Calculating Molar Mass from Density

  • Different gases have different densities. Density of a gas is measured in grams per liter (g/L) and at a specific temperature.

  • Molar mass = (grams/L) x (22.4 L/1 mole)

Calculating molar mass from density1
Calculating Molar Mass from Density

  • The density of a gaseous compound containing carbon and oxygen is found to be 1.964 g/L at STP. What is the molar mass of the compound?

  • Molar mass = (1.964 g/L) x (22.4 L/1 mol)

  • = 44 g/mol

Calculating molar mass from density practice
Calculating Molar Mass from Density - Practice

  • 22. a gaseous compound has a density of 3.58 g/L at STP. What is the molar mass of this gas?

Calculating molar mass from density2
Calculating Molar Mass from Density

  • 23. What is the density of krypton gas at STP?