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Human Trafficking in the context of the development state. A presentation by Prof K Kondlo On Behalf Of Dr. Olive Shisana, CEO, HSRC 23 March 2010. THE CONTEXT OF A DEVELOPMENTAL STATE. The HSRC has a two year project which looks specifically into the issues of a developmental state in SA

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human trafficking in the context of the development state

Human Trafficking in the context of the development state

A presentation by Prof K Kondlo

On Behalf Of

Dr. Olive Shisana, CEO, HSRC

23 March 2010

the context of a developmental state
THE CONTEXT OF A DEVELOPMENTAL STATE
  • The HSRC has a two year project which looks specifically into the issues of a developmental state in SA
  • Two issues, related to the context of a developmental state that I will touch on and link to the theme of this conference
    • The meaning of a developmental state in South Africa
    • The two dimensions of it and how they relate with the strategies to combat Human trafficking in South Africa
developmental state context
Developmental State context
  • A penetrative state that works through processes of ‘co-operative extraction’ – ‘Collaborative Connections’ (Anthony Giddens) to deliver the best in society and economy – socially embedded
  • This is different from a state which sits over society – weak enabling powers but strong blocking powers
  • State institutional capacity – very key
developmental state context1
Developmental State Context
  • Two dimensions seem very key to SA’s developmental state project
  • Social and economic dimensions
  • Social dimension – enhancing the quality of life of the citizenry through provision of education, health, rural development and other basic services
  • Economic dimension – maximizing citizen participation in the economy
developmental state
Developmental State
  • An overarching framework to deal with
    • Crime, unemployment, poverty, rural-urban disparities, economic growth, social cohesion, a well functioning public service which can deliver public goods
    • Some of these problems – sources of human trafficking
  • But the developmental state cannot be everything
  • The lacking embeddedness of these ideal in the ideas of individuals; transforming the self
human trafficking a challenge to all of us
Human Trafficking: a challenge to all of us

Human trafficking …

  • Preys on the most vulnerable of our people
  • Exploits the special vulnerabilities of women and children
  • Worsens the impact of HIV/AIDS on families and society
  • Feeds income to criminal syndicates and gangs
the project research for the national prosecuting authority s
The Project: Research for the National Prosecuting Authority’s
  • “Programme of Assistance to the South African Government to Prevent, React to Human Trafficking; Provision of Services for Research on Deepened Knowledge and Understanding of Human Trafficking and Provide Assistance to Victims of the Crime”
  • (NPA04-08/09)
research for this report drew on a cluster of hsrc focus areas
Research for this report drew on a cluster of HSRC focus areas:
  • Poverty and rural development
  • Urban change, city strategies and migration
  • Equality, equity and governance
  • Justice and human rights
  • State capacity and development
  • Environment and land use
  • Infrastructure and service delivery
  • Tourism (including sex tourism)
  • South Africa in relation to Africa and the world
our findings highlight the sobering facts
Our findings highlight the sobering facts:

Human trafficking is fed by the most fundamental problems now facing society and government:

  • Poverty and Inequality
    • Inadequate job opportunities, combined with poor living conditions, including a lack of basic education and health provision;
  • Political breakdown and/or economic dislocation
    • caused by armed conflict, environmental disaster, economic mismanagement, etc.
    • economic stresses leading to housing and food insecurity, loss of subsistence, and fewer public services
  • Family breakdown (particularly sickness/death of one or both parents)
    • HIV/AIDS
    • often compels remaining family members to send the children away from their homes to work and/or have better opportunities;
  • ‘Better life’ syndrome – rumours & dreams of a better life elsewhere
and special risks confront women children
… and special risks confront women & children:
  • Vulnerability to the sex/prostitution industry
  • Gender discrimination in work and social roles
    • excludes women from other employment or professional advancement.
  • Traditional practices
    • arranged marriages, child labour, constricted roles
  • Reduced educational opportunities
    • makes women & children more vulnerable to false promises
  • Lack of legal and political protections
  • Children may work in areas that make them easy targets for traffickers:
    • commercial and agricultural work; car guards; taxi related work; street entertaining; vending; begging; criminal & drug-related activity
new risks may arise during the fifa 2010 world cup
New risks may arise during the FIFA 2010 World Cup
  • Pull factors for people in poorer communities
    • People perceive new job/income opportunities at the event and are more vulnerable to the promises of traffickers
    • Domestic work – higher demand
    • Prostitution and drugs – higher demand
  • Parents send their children to the street
    • to beg for money from tourists
    • to sell curios, food and paraphernalia
  • School closures
    • will increase in the number of unattended children
  • Heightened opportunities for human trafficking may aggravate HIV/AIDS transmission
slide12
Findings show that the challenges in combatting human trafficking are the same monumental tasks facing the developmental state:
  • Reduce poverty and inequality
  • Improve the health and well-being of all citizens
  • Improve education - especially for women
  • Maintain communication between state & society
  • Build a professional civil service that provides effective service delivery and minimises vulnerability to corruption or collusion
  • Protect civil freedoms that ensure equality and genuine democracy in developing public policy
  • Ensure domestic, regional and global peace & stability
thank you dr olive shisana ceo human sciences research council 27 21 466 7902 oshisana@hsrc ac za
Thank you.Dr. Olive Shisana, CEOHuman Sciences Research Council+27-21-466-7902oshisana@hsrc.ac.za
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