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The tension of Open Access: how not-for-profit publishers are reacting. Sally Morris Chief Executive, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers. What is ALPSP?. The international trade association for not-for-profit publishers and those who work with them

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the tension of open access how not for profit publishers are reacting

The tension of Open Access:how not-for-profit publishers are reacting

Sally Morris

Chief Executive, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers

what is alpsp
What is ALPSP?
  • The international trade association for not-for-profit publishers and those who work with them
  • Over 300 members in over 30 countries
  • Representation, advocacy, research, professional development, information, advice, good practice guidelines, collective initiatives
what do i mean by not for profit publishers
What do I mean by not-for-profit publishers?
  • Learned societies, professional associations
  • University presses
  • Non-governmental organisations, charities…
  • Nearly 50% of journals in Ulrich’s published by NFPs
  • Many more published by commercial publishers on behalf of NFPs
what s different about nfp publishers
What’s different about NFP publishers?
  • Higher citations, lower prices
  • Most NFPs do make money
    • ‘it’s what you do with it that counts’
  • NFPs do not pay taxes, or distribute dividends
what do nfp publishers do with publishing surpluses
What do NFP publishers do with publishing surpluses?
  • Societies support their community through:
    • Conferences, research funding and grants, bursaries
    • Public education
    • Support of the society itself
  • University Presses support their university
what do i mean by open access
What do I mean by Open Access?
  • Unrestricted free access to research articles for everyone
  • Ways of achieving this:
  • Self-archiving
    • Personal, institutional, subject-based
    • Preprints, postprints, final published version
  • Open Access publishing
    • Delayed OA
    • Optional/hybrid OA
    • Full, immediate OA
what problem is open access trying to solve
What problem is Open Access trying to solve?
  • Library funding crisis?
  • Inability of the ‘taxpayer’ to access research?
  • Inability of scholars to access all research?
why might nfp publishers support open access
Why might NFP publishers support Open Access?
  • In keeping with mission to disseminate subject
  • In keeping with public education mission
  • Should scale with research funding (unlike library budgets)
why might nfp publishers worry about open access
Why might NFP publishers worry about Open Access?
  • Is it viable?
  • Do authors want it?
  • If not, enforced adoption could destroy valuable journals
  • If yes, many experts predict reduction in profitability – direct effect on activities which benefit community
what are nfp publishers doing about it 1 self archiving
What are NFP publishers doing about it? 1 – Self-archiving
  • ALPSP research (2003) showed 34% of publishers permitted preprint archiving, 60% postprint/published version
  • No difference between commercial and NFP
  • ROMEO project found very similar figures
  • Elsevier’s recent change of policy – now >80% of journals
what are nfp publishers doing about it 2 oa publishing
What are NFP publishers doing about it? 2 – OA publishing

Delayed OA

    • 9% in ALPSP study, predominantly NFP
    • Increased since publication of DC principles
  • Partial/hybrid OA
    • Numerous experiments
    • Almost all NFP before Springer Open Choice
  • Full, immediate OA
    • Over 1200 journals in DOAJ
    • Mostly NFP apart from BioMed Central
what happens next
What happens next?
  • Things won’t change unless scholars change their behaviour
    • Do they want to? Should they be forced to?
  • Self-archiving is dependent on journals – but it could ultimately damage or destroy them
    • Is that what scholars want?
  • We need to know if OA publishing is viable
    • ALPSP/AAAS/HighWire research - financial and non-financial effects of each type of OA publishing
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