The tension of open access how not for profit publishers are reacting
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The tension of Open Access: how not-for-profit publishers are reacting. Sally Morris Chief Executive, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers. What is ALPSP?. The international trade association for not-for-profit publishers and those who work with them

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The tension of Open Access: how not-for-profit publishers are reacting

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The tension of open access how not for profit publishers are reacting

The tension of Open Access:how not-for-profit publishers are reacting

Sally Morris

Chief Executive, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers


What is alpsp

What is ALPSP?

  • The international trade association for not-for-profit publishers and those who work with them

  • Over 300 members in over 30 countries

  • Representation, advocacy, research, professional development, information, advice, good practice guidelines, collective initiatives


What do i mean by not for profit publishers

What do I mean by not-for-profit publishers?

  • Learned societies, professional associations

  • University presses

  • Non-governmental organisations, charities…

  • Nearly 50% of journals in Ulrich’s published by NFPs

  • Many more published by commercial publishers on behalf of NFPs


What s different about nfp publishers

What’s different about NFP publishers?

  • Higher citations, lower prices

  • Most NFPs do make money

    • ‘it’s what you do with it that counts’

  • NFPs do not pay taxes, or distribute dividends


What do nfp publishers do with publishing surpluses

What do NFP publishers do with publishing surpluses?

  • Societies support their community through:

    • Conferences, research funding and grants, bursaries

    • Public education

    • Support of the society itself

  • University Presses support their university


What do i mean by open access

What do I mean by Open Access?

  • Unrestricted free access to research articles for everyone

  • Ways of achieving this:

  • Self-archiving

    • Personal, institutional, subject-based

    • Preprints, postprints, final published version

  • Open Access publishing

    • Delayed OA

    • Optional/hybrid OA

    • Full, immediate OA


What problem is open access trying to solve

What problem is Open Access trying to solve?

  • Library funding crisis?

  • Inability of the ‘taxpayer’ to access research?

  • Inability of scholars to access all research?


Why might nfp publishers support open access

Why might NFP publishers support Open Access?

  • In keeping with mission to disseminate subject

  • In keeping with public education mission

  • Should scale with research funding (unlike library budgets)


Why might nfp publishers worry about open access

Why might NFP publishers worry about Open Access?

  • Is it viable?

  • Do authors want it?

  • If not, enforced adoption could destroy valuable journals

  • If yes, many experts predict reduction in profitability – direct effect on activities which benefit community


What are nfp publishers doing about it 1 self archiving

What are NFP publishers doing about it? 1 – Self-archiving

  • ALPSP research (2003) showed 34% of publishers permitted preprint archiving, 60% postprint/published version

  • No difference between commercial and NFP

  • ROMEO project found very similar figures

  • Elsevier’s recent change of policy – now >80% of journals


What are nfp publishers doing about it 2 oa publishing

What are NFP publishers doing about it? 2 – OA publishing

Delayed OA

  • 9% in ALPSP study, predominantly NFP

  • Increased since publication of DC principles

  • Partial/hybrid OA

    • Numerous experiments

    • Almost all NFP before Springer Open Choice

  • Full, immediate OA

    • Over 1200 journals in DOAJ

    • Mostly NFP apart from BioMed Central


  • What happens next

    What happens next?

    • Things won’t change unless scholars change their behaviour

      • Do they want to? Should they be forced to?

    • Self-archiving is dependent on journals – but it could ultimately damage or destroy them

      • Is that what scholars want?

    • We need to know if OA publishing is viable

      • ALPSP/AAAS/HighWire research - financial and non-financial effects of each type of OA publishing


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