THE NOUN PHRASE (NP). PHRASES. Phrase is a word or a group of words Form (category) versus syntactic role (function) of phrases Example 1 (same category, different function): The garden looks wonderful. I watered the garden . Example 2 (same function, different categories):
Example 1 (same category, different function):
The garden looks wonderful.
I watered the garden.
Example 2 (same function, different categories):
That the garden was beautiful was clear.
The beauty of the garden was clear.
e.g. The girl was standing in the street.
e.g. The girl put the bicycle on the ground.
e.g. The girl is an athlete.
(determiners) (pre-modifiers) noun (post-modifiers)
e.g. The two wild horses which were grazing on the front lawn were beautiful.
e.g. Tom is a sailor.
Anybody can see that.
e.g. She is Mary Smith.
The girl is Mary Smith.
e.g. The pretty girl in the corner is Mary Smith.
Examples of basic NPs:
Your son made a suggestion.
Example of complex NP:
They rejected the suggestion which your son made.
e.g. *A she was sitting at the table.
a) Personal: I, you, he, she, it, we, they (objective case included: e.g. me, him, her, etc)
b) reflexive (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves)
c) possessive (mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, theirs)
b) that and zero