Lessons from past notable earthquakes
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LESSONS FROM PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES. L’AQUILA, ITALY APRIL 6, 2009.

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LESSONS FROM PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

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Lessons from past notable earthquakes

LESSONS FROM PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA 


Past notable earthquakes

PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

L’AQUILA, ITALY

APRIL 6, 2009


Lessons from past notable earthquakes

EARTHQAKES ARE DYNAMIC LABORATORIES FOR LEARNING AND CATALYSTS FOR BUILDING CAPACITY FOR DISASTER-INTELLIGENT & DISASTER-RESILIENT COMMUNITES


The l aquila italy area was devastated by a moderate earthquake

THE L’AQUILA, ITALY AREA WAS DEVASTATED BY A MODERATE EARTHQUAKE

M6.3

3:30 AM

APRIL 6, 2009


Occurrence

OCCURRENCE


Location

LOCATION


Location map

LOCATION MAP


Location map1

LOCATION MAP


L aquila a town of 70 000 and 26 villages devastated

L'AQUILA (A TOWN OF 70,000) AND 26 VILLAGES DEVASTATED


Lessons from past notable earthquakes

CAUSES OF DAMAGE

INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING

SOIL AMPLIFICATION

PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE)

IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN

EARTHQUAKES

FIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OF UTILITIES

“DISASTER LABORATORIES”

LACK OF DETAILING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

INATTENTION TO NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS


Lessons learned for disaster resilience

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND SHAKING IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Lessons learned for disaster resilience1

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Impacts buildings

IMPACTS BUILDINGS


Santa maria paganica church

SANTA MARIA PAGANICA CHURCH


Damage to church

DAMAGE TO CHURCH


Damage to dome of church

DAMAGE TO DOME OF CHURCH


A collapsed school a protection nightmare

A COLLAPSED SCHOOL: A PROTECTION NIGHTMARE

  • COLLAPSE OF A SCHOOL, A “SAFE HAVEN,” WITH THE LOSS OF YOUNG LIVES, CAN PARALYZE A COMMUNITY WITH GRIEF.


Onna 3 miles from l aquila

ONNA: 3 MILES FROM L'AQUILA


Lessons from past notable earthquakes

ONNA


Aftershocks exacerbate damage in village of onna

AFTERSHOCKS EXACERBATE DAMAGE IN VILLAGE OF ONNA


276 dead in a collapsed building

276 DEAD IN A COLLAPSED BUILDING


Damaged house

DAMAGED HOUSE


Lessons learned for disaster resilience2

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND FAILURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


L aquila site effects from locat ion in old lake bed

L'AQUILA: SITE EFFECTS FROM LOCATION IN OLD LAKE BED


Damage to road

DAMAGE TO ROAD


Search and rescue collapsed buildings

SEARCH AND RESCUE: COLLAPSED BUILDINGS


Rescue workers

RESCUE WORKERS


Lessons learned for disaster resilience3

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • CAPACITY FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Search and rescue

SEARCH AND RESCUE


Search and rescue1

SEARCH AND RESCUE


Search and rescue2

SEARCH AND RESCUE


Rescued victim

RESCUED VICTIM


Evacuee asleep in car

EVACUEE ASLEEP IN CAR


Evacuation center university sports center

EVACUATION CENTER: UNIVERSITY SPORTS CENTER


Evacuees a stadium

EVACUEES: A STADIUM


Evacuees housed in stadium

EVACUEES HOUSED IN STADIUM


Lessons learned for disaster resilience4

LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Impacts

IMPACTS

VULNERABLE UNREINFORCED MASONRY BUILDINGS DAMAGED

UNIVERSITY DORM COLLAPSES

VULNERABLE INFRASTRUCTURE DAMAGED


Impacts1

IMPACTS

AT LEAST TWO HUNDRED DEAD AND TWO THOUSAND INJURED

TENS OF THOUSANDS LEFT HOMELESS


Going to plan b

GOING TO “PLAN B”

Many earthquake survivors had to be transported to Rome for surgery and/or treatment due to shortage of resources in the L’Aquila area


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