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LESSONS FROM PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES. L’AQUILA, ITALY APRIL 6, 2009.

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Lessons from past notable earthquakes

LESSONS FROM PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA 


Past notable earthquakes

PAST NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

L’AQUILA, ITALY

APRIL 6, 2009


EARTHQAKES ARE DYNAMIC LABORATORIES FOR LEARNING AND CATALYSTS FOR BUILDING CAPACITY FOR DISASTER-INTELLIGENT & DISASTER-RESILIENT COMMUNITES


The l aquila italy area was devastated by a moderate earthquake

THE L’AQUILA, ITALY AREA WAS DEVASTATED BY A MODERATE EARTHQUAKE

M6.3

3:30 AM

APRIL 6, 2009






L aquila a town of 70 000 and 26 villages devastated
L'AQUILA (A TOWN OF 70,000) AND 26 VILLAGES DEVASTATED


CAUSES OF DAMAGE

INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING

SOIL AMPLIFICATION

PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE)

IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN

EARTHQUAKES

FIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OF UTILITIES

“DISASTER LABORATORIES”

LACK OF DETAILING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

INATTENTION TO NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS


Lessons learned for disaster resilience
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND SHAKING IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Lessons learned for disaster resilience1
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Impacts buildings

IMPACTS BUILDINGS



Damage to church
DAMAGE TO CHURCH



A collapsed school a protection nightmare
A COLLAPSED SCHOOL: A PROTECTION NIGHTMARE

  • COLLAPSE OF A SCHOOL, A “SAFE HAVEN,” WITH THE LOSS OF YOUNG LIVES, CAN PARALYZE A COMMUNITY WITH GRIEF.







Lessons learned for disaster resilience2
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • PREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND FAILURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


L aquila site effects from locat ion in old lake bed
L'AQUILA: SITE EFFECTS FROM LOCATION IN OLD LAKE BED





Lessons learned for disaster resilience3
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • CAPACITY FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.






Evacuee asleep in car
EVACUEE ASLEEP IN CAR



Evacuees a stadium
EVACUEES: A STADIUM


Evacuees housed in stadium
EVACUEES HOUSED IN STADIUM


Lessons learned for disaster resilience4
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • ALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

  • CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.


Impacts
IMPACTS

VULNERABLE UNREINFORCED MASONRY BUILDINGS DAMAGED

UNIVERSITY DORM COLLAPSES

VULNERABLE INFRASTRUCTURE DAMAGED


Impacts1
IMPACTS

AT LEAST TWO HUNDRED DEAD AND TWO THOUSAND INJURED

TENS OF THOUSANDS LEFT HOMELESS


Going to plan b
GOING TO “PLAN B”

Many earthquake survivors had to be transported to Rome for surgery and/or treatment due to shortage of resources in the L’Aquila area


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