LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS EGYPT PART 1: FLOODS. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . EGYPT. POLITICAL MAP OF EGYPT (Note: Aswan).
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERSEGYPTPART 1: FLOODS
Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA
Egypt has frequent earthquakes, floods, flash floods and landslides, dust storms, sandstorms, periodic droughts, and hot, driving windstorms called khamsin, which occur in the spring.
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS IN EGYPT
GOAL: PROTECT PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES
HIGH BENEFIT/COST FROM BECOMING DISASTER NRESILIENT
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
Planet Earth’s atmospheric-hydrospheric-lithospheric interactions create situations favorable for FLOODS
ELEMENTS OF RISK AND DISASTER
ELEMENTS OF EARTHQUAKE RISK
A DISASTER CAN HAPPENWHEN THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF A FLOOD INTERACT WITH EGYPT’S COMMUNITIES
CAUSES OF RISK
LOSS OF FUNCTION OF STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAIN
INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
STRUCTURAL/CONTENTS DAMAGE FROM WATER
WATER BORNE DISEASES (HEALTH PROBLEMS)
EROSION AND MUDFLOWS
CONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER
The annual flood cycle of the Nile River has made the difference between living and dying for thousands of years in Egypt.
A DISASTER is ---
--- the set of failures that overwhelm the capability of a community torespond without external help when three continuums: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) complex events (e.g., floods, earthquakes,…) intersect at a point in space and time.
Disasters are caused by single- or multiple-event natural hazards that, (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of mortality, morbidity, homelessness, joblessness, economic losses, or environmental impacts.
THE ALTERNATIVE TO A FLOOD DISASTER ISFLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE
FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
STRATEGIC COLLABORATION (I.E., WORKING TOGETHER ON A COMMON GOAL) FOR BECOMING FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENT
PREPAREDNESS FOR ALL OF THE LIKELY HAZARDS AND RISKS IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
ALL FLOODS TECHNOLOGIES THAT FACILITATE STRATEGIC COLLABORATION ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
PROTECTION OF A COMMUNITY’S PEOPLE, BUILDINGS, & INFRASTRUCTURE AGAINST LOSS OF FUNCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
THE ASWAN HIGH DAM
After ten years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt was completed on July 21, 1970.
The Aswan High Dam, located on the Nile River just north of the border between Egypt and Sudan, was built to control the frequent cycles of flooding and drought within Egypt.
Unfortunately, before the dam could be built, 90,000 of Egypt’s poor and Sudan’s Nubian nomads had to be relocated