War Affected Populations and CDD. Designing demand-driven programs to serve war-affected populations. Objective of Study.
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Gain a better understanding of what design features World Bank demand-driven projects have used to best serve war affected populations (returning IDP, refugees, ex-combatants, war widows and orphans and other affected groups).
Provide a menu of options to TTLs and other partners interested in designing demand-driven projects that serve war affected populations and communities.
Capacity building for local government to be more responsive to demand from communities – promotion of decentralized model – often building democratic forms of local government from the bottom up (East Timor, Rwanda, Afghanistan).
Projects serving multiple communities and municipalities or districts.
Heavy emphasis on building a democratic, responsive and transparent local government through capacity-building in social mobilization, participatory needs assessment, local planning, budgeting, financial management, procurement, maintenance, etc. (Afghanistan, Rwanda, East Timor, Sierra Leone)
Projects used as a vehicle to promote decentralization.
Give bonus points or extra money for projects that target particularly vulnerable members of the community (Afghanistan – higher per capita for communities concerned with vulnerable groups, IDPs, and returning refugees).
Invest heavily in capacity-building of communities, local government.
Be patient – participatory processes take time, especially when involving war-affected and other vulnerable groups, but the results will be more sustainable.