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Go Figure!. Figurative Language Grades 6-8. EQ: What is figurative language? What is the purpose of figurative language? How does it affect the way we read things?. At the end of this unit, you should be able to:. Understand all the types of figurative language.

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Go Figure!

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Go Figure!

Figurative Language

Grades 6-8

EQ: What is figurative language? What is the purpose of figurative language? How does it affect the way we read things?

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

  • Understand all the types of figurative language.

  • Find examples of all the types of figurative language.

  • Understand the meaning of examples you come across.

  • Understand why figurative language is even used in what we say and read!

  • Use more figurative language in your speaking and writing.

Recognizing Literal Language

“I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”

  • In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.

    Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.

    Most of the time, we use

    literal language.

What is figurative language?

  • Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.

Types of Figurative Language

  • Imagery

  • Simile

  • Metaphor

  • Alliteration

  • Personification

  • Onomatopoeia

  • Hyperbole

  • Idioms


  • Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.

  • • Sight

  • • Hearing

  • • Touch

  • • Taste

  • • Smell


  • A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.

    Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.


  • A figure of speech which involves a comparison between two unlike things. The comparison does not use like or as.

    Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.


  • Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.

    Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.


  • A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.

    Example: “The wind yells while blowing."

    The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.


  • The use of words that mimic sounds.

    Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!


  • An exaggerated comment. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.

    Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.


  • An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a comment that cannot be taken word-for-word.

Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be taken word-for-word. It’s a statement that means something different than what it says.

Simile Practice

  • EYES


  • How could these two things be similar?

Simile Practice

  • Grass

  • Shirt

  • How could these things be similar?

Simile Practice

  • We will complete the activity called “Similarities.”

Metaphor practice

  • Since metaphors are comparisons without using like or as, lets change your similes into metaphors!

  • Re-write your similes on the back of the page.

  • Now, change your similes into metaphors!

Simile and Metaphor Practice

  • With a partner, you will write a short script. This script will have two characters, Simile Sam and Metaphor Milly.

  • Simile Sam uses similes at least every other sentence. Metaphor Milly uses metaphors at least every other sentence.

  • Prompt: The two meet for the first time? Become friends? Or not? You write!

Onomatopoeia Practice

  • We will complete “What’s that Sound?”

  • Who can come up with the best sound words?

Idiom Practice

  • We will view samples of idioms. See if you can figure out the real meaning…

Idiom or Hyperbole?

  • In the next slides, you will see a statement.

  • If you think it is a hyperbole, stay seated.

  • If you think it is an idiom, stand up.

Idiom or Hyperbole?

  • I am so hungry, I could eat a horse!

Idiom or Hyperbole?

  • You are getting on my nerves!

Idiom or Hyperbole?

The crowd went bananas when the basketball player made the shot from the other side of the court!

Idiom or Hyperbole?

  • I have told you a million times to take the garbage out!

Idiom or Hyperbole?

The garbage has piled up to the sky!

Personify Your School!

  • Create 10 lines of personification that involve items that can be found in a school.

  • Example: The pencil ___________ the answers across my paper.

Figurative Language Resources

  • Eye on Idioms (Online PPT)

  • Paint by Idioms(Game)

  • Alliteration or Simile?(Quiz)

  • Similes and Metaphors(PPT)

  • The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms(PPT)

  • Alliteration (PPT)

  • Onomatopoeia (PPT)

  • Personification (PPT)

  • Hyperbole  (PPT)

  • Idioms (PPT)

  • Simile (PPT)

Teaching Similes and Metaphors

  • Alliteration Lesson Plan and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/1allitera.htm

  • Hyperbole- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/10lesson.htm

  • Idiom Lesson Plan http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/6lesson.htm

  • Imagery- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/imagery2.htm

  • Lesson Plan for Puns http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/5lesson.htm

  • Onomatopoeia- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/9lesson.htm

  • Personification Lesson Plans and Resources


  • Proverbs- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/proverbs2.htm

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