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Sports Injuries. Fred Battee Iv. What is a sports injury. Injury caused when playing a sport Often due to overuse At times could be traumatic. Injuries from Overuse. Runner’s Knee Shin Splints Tennis Elbow Shoulder Problem. Runner’s Knee. - Chondromalacia patellae

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Sports injuries

Sports Injuries

Fred Battee Iv

What is a sports injury
What is a sports injury

  • Injury caused when playing a sport

  • Often due to overuse

  • At times could be traumatic

Injuries from overuse
Injuries from Overuse

  • Runner’s Knee

  • Shin Splints

  • Tennis Elbow

  • Shoulder Problem

Runner s knee
Runner’s Knee

-Chondromalacia patellae

-Means soft tissue under the knee cap

-cause pain in front and back of knee

-Common in runners, basketball, and soccer players

Treatment for runner s knee
Treatment for Runner’s Knee

  • Can be managed through RICE

    • Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

  • Anti-Inflammatory medications can be used

  • Physiotherapy

    • Physical Therapy

Shin splints
Shin Splints

-Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

-Effects lower leg muscles

-Caused by too much force

-Could result into broken bones

-Common in runners

Treatment for shin splints
Treatment for Shin Splints

  • Rest is the best treatment

  • Ultrasound, whirlpool baths, and electrical stimulation are alternative methods

  • If fractures occur, could take 3 months to heal

  • Appropriate footwear while running will reduce the risk in injury

Tennis elbow
Tennis Elbow


-Overexertion is the main cause

-Outer part of the elbow becomes sore

Acute pain when person fully extends arms

Treatment for tennis elbow
Treatment for Tennis Elbow

  • Non-Steriodal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

  • Injected drugs more effective than oral

  • Surgery may be required

Shoulder problem
Shoulder Problem

-Dislocation > strong force pulls the shoulder outward

-Separation > when the collarbone meets the shoulder blade

-Rotator Cuff Tear > any type of irritation or damage to the rotator cuff muscles or tendons

Treatment for shoulder problems
Treatment for Shoulder Problems


    • Protection

    • Rest

    • Ice

    • Compression

    • Elevation

Other common types of sports injuries
Other Common Types of Sports Injuries

  • Contusion

  • Muscle Strain

  • Ligament Tear



-Commonly known as a bruise

-Caused by blunt trauma

-Damages small blood vessels and causes bleeding within tissues

-Are painful, but generally harmless

Treatment for contusions
Treatment for Contusions

  • Rest

  • The RICE method

  • Painkillers

  • Light stretching days after the injury


Muscle strain
Muscle Strain

-Injury to a muscle or tendon

-Also known as ‘pulling a muscle’

-Can result from overstretching

-Symptoms are localized pain, stiffness, bruising

Treatment for muscle strains
Treatment for Muscle Strains

  • The first line of treatment is the RICE method

  • Ice and Compression method

    • This keeps swelling down and pain in one area

  • Painkillers

Ligament sprain
Ligament Sprain

-Injury to a joint

-The ligament is stretched beyond capacity

-Some of the symptoms are pain, swelling, decreased ability to move limb

-Most common in ankles and knees

Treatment of ligament sprains
Treatment of Ligament Sprains

  • RICE method

  • Rehab should start 2-3 days after the injury

  • Prolonged immobilization delays healing of the sprain

Injury prevention
Injury Prevention

  • Warm-Up

    • Studies have shown that athletes who warm-up are less likely to have an injury

  • Take time off

    • Will allow your muscles to rest

  • Play Safe

Be smart
Be Smart

  • Stop activity if there is any pain

  • Stay hydrated

  • Wear the right equipment

Thank you!