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Patient Centered Medical Home. Data and Recognition Review for Saint Luke’s Medical Group b y Jennifer Woods, RN, BSN Director of Physician Practice Management. Goals of Presentation. Provide better understanding of the Patient Centered Medical Home as a care model.

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Patient centered medical home

Patient Centered Medical Home

Data and Recognition Review

for

Saint Luke’s Medical Group

by

Jennifer Woods, RN, BSN

Director of Physician Practice Management


Goals of presentation

Goals of Presentation

  • Provide better understanding of the Patient Centered Medical Home as a care model.

  • Provide understanding of the credentialing process for Patient Centered Medical Home.

  • Explore areas where this model provided a guidance for improvement in care.

  • Review transformation in becoming a Patient Centered Medical Home.


What is a patient centered medical home

What is a Patient-Centered Medical Home?

  • A patient-centered medical home (PMCH) is a model of primary care where each patient has a relationship with their primary care physician who leads their care team, and the care of the patient is coordinated to support their healthcare needs.

  • Enhanced care is achieved through open scheduling, expanded hours, and communication between patients, physicians and staff.


Pmch not a new concept historical review

PMCH: Not a New Concept!Historical Review

  • 1967: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first introduced the term “medical home” which described primary care that was accessible, family-centered, coordinated, comprehensive, continuous, compassionate and culturally effective.


Pmch not a new concept historical review1

PMCH: Not a New Concept!Historical Review

  • 2002: Seven national family medicine organizations created “The Future of Family Medicine” project. Recommendations from this report included “taking steps to ensure that every American has a personal medical home, developing reimbursement models to sustain family medicine and primary care.


Pmch not a new concept historical review2

PMCH: Not a New Concept!Historical Review

  • 2005: Dr. Barbara Starfield published “Contribution of Primary Care to Health Systems and Health”, which acknowledged several primary care processes to benefit health:

    • Greater access

    • Better quality of care

    • Greater focus on prevention

    • Early management of health problems

    • Reducing unnecessary specialty or inpatient services


Pmch not a new concept historical review3

PMCH: Not a New Concept!Historical Review

  • 2006: The Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative (PCPCC) is founded by numerous employers, primary care physician associations (American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). This new organization was charged with developing a national movement to endorse widespread adoption of the patient-centered medical home.


What is ncqa

What is NCQA?

  • National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) is a private, 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to improving health care quality. Since its founding in 1990, NCQA has been a central figure in driving improvement throughout healthcare, helping to elevate the issue of quality to the top of the national agenda.


What is ncqa s pcmh program

What is NCQA’s PCMH Program?

  • In 2008, NCQA launched a Patient Centered Medical Home recognition program, which was revised in 2011.

  • NCQA’s program provides a roadmap for primary care to improve delivery and the experience of care for both clinicians and patients.


What is ncqa s pcmh program1

What is NCQA’s PCMH Program?

  • NCQA’s goals are to promote:

    • Improvement in health outcomes for the patient and their family

    • Enhance the patient’s experience of their care

    • Reduce expensive, unnecessary hospital and ED care

  • To the extent possible, NCQA has aligned the PCMH standards with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Meaningful Use requirements.


Ncqa pcmh scoring

NCQA PCMH Scoring

  • 6 Standards = 100 points

  • 6 Must Pass elements


Slmg transformation to pcmh

SLMG: Transformation to PCMH

  • SLMG selected NCQA’s recognition program, and began by utilizing their assessment tools to determine areas of compliance with standards, as well as opportunities for improvement.

  • PMCH Coordinating Committee established to govern the transformation process, and was supported by:

    • PMCH Site Coordinator and physician lead at each clinic to assist with implementation of new policies, procedures and reporting tools.


Slmg transformation to pcmh1

SLMG: Transformation to PCMH

  • Newsletters developed to keep staff apprised of next steps.

  • Educational presentations at staff and physician meetings on PMCH standards and requirements for recognition.

  • Standardization of policies and processes.

  • Partnership with outside vendor for patient registry to manage patient populations.


Ncqa 2011 pcmh standards

NCQA 2011 PCMH Standards

  • Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Identify and Manage Patient Populations

  • Plan and Manage Care

  • Provide Self-Care Support and Community Resources

  • Track and Coordinate Care

  • Measure and Improve Performance


Pcmh review of standards pmch 1 enhance access and continuity

PCMH: Review of StandardsPMCH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element A: Access During Office Hours (Must Pass)

    • The practice has a written process and defined standards, and demonstrates that it monitors performance against the standards for:

      • Providing same day appointments

      • Providing timely clinical advice by telephone during office hours

      • Providing timely clinical advice by secure electronic messages during office hours

      • Documenting clinical advice in the medical record


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element B: After-Hours Access

    • The practice has a written process and defined standards, and demonstrates that it monitors performance against the standards for:

    • Providing access to routine and urgent-care appointments outside regular business hours

    • Providing continuity of medical record information for care and advice when the office is not open

    • Providing timely clinical advice by telephone when the office is not open

    • Providing timely clinical advice using a secure, interactive electronic system when the office is open

    • Documenting after-hours clinical advice in patient records


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity1

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element C: Electronic Access

    • The practice provides the following information and services to patients and families through a secure electronic system.

    • More than 50% of patients who request an electronic copy of the health information receive it within 3 business days

    • At least 10% of patients have electronic access to their current health information within 4 business days of when the information is available to the practice


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity2

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element C: Electronic Access cont.

    3. Clinical summaries are provided to patient for more than 50% of office visits within 3 business days

    4. Two-way communication between patients/families and the practice

    5. Request of appointments or prescription refills

    6. Request for referrals or test results


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity3

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element D: Continuity

    • The practice provides continuity of care for patients/families by:

    • Expecting patients/families to select a personal

      clinician

    • Documenting the patient’s/family’s choice of clinician

    • Monitoring the percentage of patient visits with a selected clinician or team.


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity4

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element E: Medical Home Responsibilities

    • The practice has a process and materials that it provides patients/families on the role of the medical home, which include the following:

    • The practice is responsible for coordinating patient care across multiple settings

    • Instructions on obtaining care and clinical advice during offices hours and when the office is closed

    • The practice functions most effectively as a medical home if patients/families provide a complete medical history and information about care obtained outside the practice

    • The care team gives the patient/family access to evidenced-based care and self-management support


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity5

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element F: Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services (CLAS)

    • The practice engages in activities to understand and meet the cultural and linguistic needs of its patients/families by:

    • Assessing the racial and ethnic diversity of its population

    • Assessing the language needs of its population

    • Providing interpretation or bilingual services to meet the language needs of its population

    • Providing printed materials in the languages of its population


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity6

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element G: The Practice Team

    • The practice uses a team to provide a range of patient care services by:

    • Defining roles for clinical and nonclinical team members

    • Having regular team meetings or a structured communication process

    • Using standing orders for services

    • Training and assigning care teams to coordinate care for individual patients


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 1 enhance access and continuity7

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 1: Enhance Access and Continuity

  • Element G: The Practice Team cont.

    • Training and assigning care teams to support patients and families in self-management, self-efficacy and behavior change

    • Training and assigning care teams for patient population management

    • Training and designating care team members in communication skills

    • Involving care team staff in the practice’s performance evaluation and quality improvement activities


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 2: Identify and Manage Patient PopulationsElement A: Patient InformationThe practice uses an electronic system that records the following as structured (searchable) data for more than 50% of its patients.

  • Date of birth

  • Gender

  • Race

  • Ethnicity

  • Preferred language

  • Telephone numbers

  • E-mail address

  • Dates of previous clinical visits

  • Legal guardian

    10.Primary caregiver

  • Presence of advanced directive

  • Health insurance information


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 2: Identify and Manage Patient PopulationsElement B:Clinical DataThe practice uses an electronic system to record the following as structured (searchable) data.

System plots and displays growth charts and BMI %

Status of tobacco use for patients 13 years and older for more than 50% of patients

List of prescription medications with the date of updates for more than 80% of patients

  • An up-to-date problem list with current and active diagnoses for more than 80% of patients

  • Allergies, including medication allergies and adverse reactions, for more than 80% of patients

  • Blood pressure, with the date of update for more than 50% of patients 2 years and older

  • Height for more than 50% of patients 2 years and older

  • Weight for more than 50% of patients 2 years and older

  • System calculates and displays BMI


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 2: Identify and Manage Patient PopulationsElement C: Comprehensive Health AssessmentTo understand the health risks and information needs of patients/families, the practice conducts and documents a comprehensive health assessment that includes:

Advance care planning

Behaviors affecting health

Patient and family mental health/substance abuse

Developmental screening using a standardized tool

Depression screening for adults and adolescents using a standardized tool

  • Documentation of age and gender appropriate immunizations and screenings

  • Family/social/cultural characteristics

  • Communication needs

  • Medical history of patient and family


Pmch review of standards pcmh 2 identify and manage patient populations

PMCH Review of StandardsPCMH 2: Identify and Manage Patient Populations

  • Element D: Use Data for Population Management (Must Pass)

    • The practice uses patient information, clinical data and evidenced-based guidelines to generate lists of patients and to proactively remind patients/families and clinicians of services needed for:

    • At least three different preventive care services

    • At least three different chronic care services

    • Patients not recently seen by the practice

    • Specific medications


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 3: Plan and Manage CareThe practice systematically identifies individual patients and plans, manages and coordinates their care, based on their condition and needs and on evidenced-based guidelines.

  • Element A: Implement Evidenced-Based Guidelines

    • The practice implements evidenced-based guidelines through point-of-care reminders for patients with:

    • The first important condition

    • The second important condition

    • The third condition, related to unhealthy behaviors or mental health or substance abuse


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 3 plan and manage care cont

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 3: Plan and Manage Care cont.

  • Element B: Identify High-Risk Patients

    • To identify high-risk or complex patients, the practice:

    • Establishes criteria and a systematic process to identify high risk or complex patients

    • Determines the percentage of high-risk or complex patients in it’s population


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 3 plan and manage care cont1

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 3: Plan and Manage Care Cont.

  • Element C: Care Management (Must Pass)

    • The are team performs the following for at least 75% of the patients identified in Elements A and B.

    • Conducts pre-visit preparations

    • Collaborates with the patient/family to develop an individual care plan, including treatment goals that are reviewed and updated at each relevant visit

    • Gives the patient/family a written plan of care

    • Assesses and addresses barriers with the patient has not met treatment goals

    • Gives the patient/family a clinical summary at each relevant visit

    • Identifies patients/families who might benefit from additional care management support

    • Follows up with patients/families who have not kept important appointments


Pmch review of standards pcmh 3 plan and manage care cont

PMCH: Review of StandardsPCMH 3: Plan and Manage Care cont.

  • Element D: Medication Management

    • The practice manages medications in the following ways:

    • Reviews and reconciles medications with patients/families for more than 50% of care transitions

    • Reviews and reconciles medications with patients/families for more than 80% of care transitions

    • Provides information about new prescriptions to more than 80% of patients/families

    • Assesses patient/family understanding of medications for more than 50% of patients with date of assessment

    • Assesses patient responses to medications and barriers to adherence for more than 50% of patients with date of assessment

    • Documents over-the-counter medications, herbal therapies and supplements for more than 50% of patients/families, with the date of updates


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 3 plan and manage care

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 3: Plan and Manage Care

  • Element E: Use Electronic Prescribing

    • The practice uses an electronic prescription system with the following capabilities.

    • Generates and transmits at least 40% of eligible prescriptions to pharmacies

    • Generates at least 75% of eligible prescriptions

    • Enters electronic medication orders into the medical record for more than 30% of patients with at least one medication in their medication list

    • Performs patient-specific checks for drug-drug and drug-allergy interactions

    • Alerts prescribers to generic alternatives

    • Alerts prescribers to formulary status


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 4: Provide Self-Care Support and Community ResourcesThe practice acts to improve patients’ ability to manage their health by providing a self-care plan, tools, educational resources and ongoing support

  • Element A: Support Self-Care Process (Must Pass)

    • The practice conducts activities to support patients/families in self-management.

    • Provides educational resources or refers at least 50% of patients/families to educational resources to assist in self-management

    • Uses an EHR to identify patient-specific education resources and provide them to more than 10% of patients, if appropriate

    • Develops and documents self-management plans and goals in collaboration with at least 50% of patients/families

    • Documents self-management abilities for at least 50% of patients/families

    • Provides self-management tools to record self-care results for at least 50% of patients/families

    • Counsels at least 50% of patients/families to adopt healthy behavio


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 4 provide self care support and community resources

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 4: Provide Self-Care Support and Community Resources

  • Element B: Provide Referrals to Community Resources

    • The practice supports patients/families that need access to community resources.

    • Maintains a current resource list on five topics or key community service areas of importance to the patient population

    • Tracks referrals provided to patients/families

    • Arranges or provides treatment for mental health and substance abuse disorders

    • Offers opportunities for health education programs (such as group classes and peer support)


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPMCH 5: Track and Coordinate CareThe practice systematically tracks tests and coordinates care across specialty care, facility-based care and community organizations

Notifies patients/families of normal and abnormal lab and imaging test results

Follows up with inpatient facilities on newborn hearing and blood-spot screening

Electronically communicates with labs to order tests and retrieve results

Electronically communicates with facilities to order and retrieve imaging results

Electronically incorporates at least 40% of all clinical lab test results into structured fields in medical records

Electronically incorporates imaging test results into medical records

  • Element A: Test Tracking and Follow-Up

    • The practice has a documented process for and demonstrates that it:

    • Tracks lab tests until results are available, flagging and following up on overdue results

    • Tracks imaging tests until results are available, flagging and following up on overdue results

    • Flags abnormal lab results, bringing them to the attention of the clinician

    • Flags abnormal imaging results, bringing them to the attention of the clinician


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 5 track and coordinate care

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 5: Track and Coordinate Care

Establishing and documenting agreements with specialists in the medical record if co-management is needed

Asking patients/families about self-referrals and requesting reports from clinicians

Demonstrating the capability for electronic exchange of key clinical information between clinicians

Providing an electronic summary of care record to another provider for more than 50% of referrals

  • Element B: Referral Tracking and Follow-Up (Must Pass)

    • The practice coordinates referrals by:

    • Giving the consultant or specialist the clinical reason for the referral and pertinent clinical information

    • Tracking the status of referrals, including required timing for receiving a specialist’s report

    • Following up to obtain a specialist’s report


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 5 track and coordinate care cont

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 5: Track and Coordinate Care Cont.

Demonstrates its process for contacting patients/families for appropriate follow-up care within an appropriate period following a hospital admission or emergency department visit

Demonstrates its process for exchanging patient information with the hospital during a patient’s hospitalization

Collaborates with the patient/family to develop a written care plan for patients transitioning from pediatric care to adult care

Demonstrates the capability for electronic exchange of key clinical information with facilities

Provides an electronic summary of care record to another care facility for more than 50% of transitions of care

  • Element C: Coordinate with Facilities and Manage Care Transitions

    • On its own or in conjunction with an external organization, the practice systematically:

    • Demonstrates its process for identifying patients with a hospital admission and patients with an emergency department visit

    • Demonstrates its process for sharing clinical information with admitting hospitals and emergency departments

    • Demonstrates its process for consistently obtaining patient discharge summaries from the hospital and other facilities


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve PerformanceThe practice uses performance data to identify opportunities for improvement and acts to improve clinical quality, efficiency and patient experience.

  • Element A: Measure Performance

    • The practice measures or receives data on the following:

    • At least three preventive care measures

    • At least three chronic or acute care clinical measures

    • At least two utilization measures affecting health care costs

    • Performance data stratified for vulnerable populations (to assess disparities in care).


Patient centered medical home

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve PerformanceThe practice uses performance data to identify opportunities for improvement and acts to improve clinical quality, efficiency and patient experience.

  • Element B: Measure Patient/Family Experience

    • The practice obtains feedback from patients/families on their experiences with the practice and their care.

    • The practice conducts a survey to evaluate patient/family experiences on at least three of the following categories:

      • Access

      • Communication

      • Coordination

      • Whole-person care/self management support

        2.The practice uses the CAHPS Patient Centered Medical Home tool

        3.The practice obtains feedback on the experiences of vulnerable patient groups

        4.The practice obtains feedback from patients/families through qualitative means.


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 6 measure and improve performance cont

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve Performance Cont.

  • Element C: Implement Continuous Quality Improvement (Must Pass)

    • The practice uses an ongoing quality improvement process to:

    • Set goals and act to improve performance on at least three measures from Element A.

    • Set goals and act to improve performance on at least one measure from Element B.

    • Set goals and address at least one identified disparity in care or service for vulnerable populations.

    • Involve patients/families in quality improvement teams or on the practice’s advisory council.


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 6 measure and improve performance cont1

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve Performance Cont.

  • Element D: Demonstrate Continuous Quality Improvement

    • The practice demonstrates ongoing monitoring of the effectiveness of its improvement process by:

    • Tracking results over time

    • Assessing the effect of its actions

    • Achieving improved performance on one measure

    • Achieving improved performance on a second measure


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 6 measure and improve performance cont2

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve Performance Cont.

  • Element E: Report Performance

    • The practice shares performance data from Element A and Element B:

    • Within the practice, results by individual clinician

    • Within the practice, results across the practice

    • Outside the practice to patients or publicly, results across the practice or by clinician.


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 6 measure and improve performance cont3

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve Performance Cont.

  • Element F: Report Data Externally

    • The practice electronically reports:

    • Ambulatory clinical quality measures to CMS or states.

    • Ambulatory clinical quality measures to other external entities.

    • Data to immunization registries or systems

    • Syndromic surveillance data to public health agencies.


Pcmh review of standards pcmh 6 measure and improve performance cont4

PCMH: Review of StandardsPCMH 6: Measure and Improve Performance Cont.

  • Element G: Use Certified EHR Technology

    • This element is for your practice site Meaningful Use report only and will not be scored for your PCMH Recognition decision.

    • To meet the federal Core and Menu Meaningful Use requirements:

    • The uses an EHR system that has been certified

    • The practice attests to conducting a security risk analysis of its EHR system.


Ncqa pcmh recognition outcome

NCQA PCMH Recognition Outcome.

  • On October 13, 2013 Saint Luke’s Medical Group received notification that all 11 primary care clinics were recognized as a Level 3 Patient Centered Medical Home.


Ncqa pcmh clinics

NCQA PCMH Clinics

  • Saint Luke’s Internal Medicine (SLIM)

  • Saint Luke’s Medical-Barry Road

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Barry Road Internal Medicine

  • Saint Luke’s Medical-Clinton

  • Saint Luke’s Medical-Smithville

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Cushing

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Lansing

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Lee’s Summit

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Platte City

  • Saint Luke’s Medical Group-Southridge

  • Saint Luke’s South Primary Care


Results of transformation

Results of Transformation

  • Same Day Access available at all clinics.

  • Goals developed for responding to patients by telephone, electronically and after hours.

  • Summary of each visit provided to patients.

  • Defining each staff’s role on the care team.

  • Training of staff for population management, communication skills, and their role in quality improvement.


Outcomes of transformation

Outcomes of Transformation

  • Reports available to proactively remind patients of services needed for:

    • Preventive Care

    • Chronic Care

    • Missed Appointments

  • Reconciling patient medications at each visit and after hospital or ED discharge.

  • Development of a community resource list.

  • Standardization of self-management tools.

  • Formalized process of tracking tests, referrals and care at other facilities


Outcomes of transformation1

Outcomes of Transformation

  • New positions of RN Care Coordinators to call every patient following in-patient discharge from hospital and emergency room. Coordinators will:

    • Set up follow up appointment as needed

    • Medication reconciliation

    • Review discharge instructions

    • Review if any resources are needed

    • Answer questions


Lessons learned

Lessons Learned

  • Have a designated IT expert assigned for the entire project.

  • Have an analyst who can build your reporting tools.

  • Have support staff who can receive and manage all reports and documents.

  • Have an onsite point person to provide ongoing education and support to staff.


Questions

Questions?


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