The renaissance
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The Renaissance. 1400-1600. 1.1 The Renaissance. Began in Florence Italy. Means “re-birth” after the Middle Ages-Black Plaque Rebirth of classical Greek and Roman Produced: artists, architects, scholars, and scientists in short span of time. Time of creativity and change in many areas

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The renaissance

The Renaissance

1400-1600


1 1 the renaissance

1.1 The Renaissance

  • Began in Florence Italy.

  • Means “re-birth” after the Middle Ages-Black Plaque

    • Rebirth of classical Greek and Roman

  • Produced: artists, architects, scholars, and scientists in short span of time.

  • Time of creativity and change in many areas

    • political, social, economic, and cultural.

  • Humanism-focus on individual accomplishments

  • Paintings were realistic and focused less on religious topics.

  • Rich families became patrons and commissioned great art. (de Medici’s)


Dance renaissance court dances

Dance – Renaissance: Court Dances

  • court dances- fancy occasions for the upper class to show off in front of nobility.

    • heavy gowns, large headdresses, long lacy sleeves,

    • Movements were restrained and refined. Slides, glides, small, slow steps, poses, and curtsies.

    • first court dances were done low to the ground. (basse)

  • peasant dances- were lively and consisted of large, wide steps performed mostly on grassy town squares.


Types of dances

Types of dances

Galliard:

a lively dance, which included a number of hops and kicking steps

Pavane:

  • meaning “peacock.”

  • a basse dance performed at ceremonies for Kings and Queens

  • movements were slow walking steps, which traveled forward and backward.


Types of dances1

Types of dances

The Courante:

This dance displayed gestures of courtship and flirtation

The steps included walks, tiny runs, and glides.

Other forms of entertainment at the court

Jousting

The Allemande:

  • Consisted of four dances together

  • Hands were held at all times during this dance

  • Movements were made up in such a way as to keep partners joined together throughout the dance.

  • Now used for a step in square dancing.


1 2 drama theatre renaissance

1.2 Drama/Theatre - Renaissance

Commedia dell’Arte- (Italy) means comedy of the professional guilds of artists

stock characters(10-12) some wore masks,

special skills of the actors, acrobats, dancers, musicians, and improvisers

Slapstick humor

short, physical comedy routines

only venue for women actors until the English stage in the late 17th century.


William shakespeare 1564 1616 elizabethan theater

William Shakespeare (1564-1616)Elizabethan Theater

  • English-speaking playwright

  • 38 plays

    • tragedy, comedy, and English history

  • During the reign of Elizabeth I

  • His plays occur over long periods of time, in many locations, and involve multiple subplots in addition to the main plot.

  • violence on stage, ghosts and spirits.

  • platform on stage in which multiple locations could be imagined.

  • outdoor theatres

  • Costuming was everyday clothing

  • Only men


Examples of shakespeare s plays include

Examples of Shakespeare’s plays include:

  • Tragedy:

    • Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Othello

  • Comedy:

    • A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Twelfth Night, Much Ado About Nothing, Taming of the Shrew

  • History:

    • Henry V


The globe theatre

The Globe Theatre

  • In London built in 1599

  • Thrust stage

  • Paid according to where you sat

    • The yard or pit- paid a penny.

    • The gallery two pennies for the first level, three pennies for the second and so on.

  • Color of flag flying

    • Black- tragedy , white-comedy and red-history.

  • Destroyed by fire in 1613

  • Second Globe Theatre was built on the same site June 1614 and closed in 1642

    • Virtual tour


The summary of taming of the shrew

The Summary of Taming of the Shrew

The beautiful and gentle Bianca has no shortage of admirers (Lucentio, Gremio and Hortensio) but her father insists that she will not marry until her shrewish sister, Katharina, is betrothed.

Bianca's suitors persuade fortune-seeker Petruchio to court her. The suitors pay for any costs involved and there is also the goal of Katharina's dowry.

Petruchiomarries Katharina and he carries Katharina off to his country house with his servant Grumio.

Petruchiointends to browbeat Katharina into submission and he denies her food, sleep and her new clothes, whilst continuously singing her praises.

Katharina is tamed.

They return to Padua where Lucentio has won Bianca. At a banquet they wager on who has the most obedient wife.

Each wife is issued with commands but only Katharina obeys and promptly lectures everyone on the importance of wifely submission


Character map

Character Map


Taming of the shrew

Taming of the Shrew

"the shrew" refers to Katherine

"tamer of the shrew" refers to Petruccio,

sister in both the play and film have the same name, Bianca.

Baptista(the very wealthy father of Katherine and Bianca) desires to find husbands for both his daughters, offering a fine dowry; Bianca, the younger and fairer, gets more offers for marriage, but Baptista, for some reason, desires his eldest, Katherine, the "shrew," to marry first, restricting Bianca. From there, the character who desires Bianca, Lucentio, finds Petruccio, who only wants to marry, to "tame" Katherine, so Lucentio accordingly can marry Bianca.


10 things i hate about you

10 Things I hate about you

“Shrew” Katarina (Kat)

"tamer" Patrick (or 'Pat').

Katarina's sister in both the play and film have the same name,

Walter (the father of Kat and Bianca), of course, desires the best for his daugters, as fathers ought.

To Bianca's demise, their father restricts her dating without Kat dating as well; Bianca, the more popular, extraverted, and absent-minded of the two, for her reasons, gets frustrated at her sister, Kat, who seems incapable of any positive human interaction.

For an upcoming dance, Bianca has a choice between two dates, Joey and Cameron, but her two rivaling dates find Pat, a rebellious teenager who plays the "shrew," and, who they think, may attract Kat, since, of course, Bianca cannot date without Kat.

Through Pat's often ridiculous and hilarious attempts, he wins Kat's heart, "taming" her anti-social ways.


1 3 renaissance music

1.3 Renaissance Music

  • Music helped to reconcile faith and reason

  • Movement from monophonic (one sound) to polyphonic

  • Polyphonic: many sounds

    • Multiple musical lines together

    • 2 or more separate voices or parts

    • Rise of instrumental and secular music (non-religious)


Council of trent 1545 1562

Council of Trent (1545-1562)

Reformation in the Catholic church

  • Changes in music & mass

  • Away from polyphonic

  • Distracted from text

  • Wanted monophonic


Giovanni pierluigi da palestrina

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

  • 1525-1594

  • Italian Renaissance Composer

  • polyphony

  • perfect balance of voices, seamless phrasing

  • the sound seems to never stop

  • Every voice part is equally important

  • Pope Marcellus Mass

    • Well-known work


Other composers

Other Composers

  • John Dowland (1563-1626)

    • English known for melancholy songs- "Flow my tears”

  • Orlando di Lasso (1532-1594)

    • Franco-Flemish who studied polyphonic style

  • William Byrd (1543/1623)

    • English wrote church/liturgical music

  • Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)

    • Italian composer, marked the transition from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period.

    • Opera-L'Orfeo,


Types of music

Types of Music

Madrigal

Secular music

Use several languages (English, Italian)

Performed by a small chorus

Polyphonic, use of Imitation

Texts are sometimes about erotic love

Use of word painting

Performed at a faster tempo

Used at courtly social gatherings

Motet

  • Sacred music used in the Mass

  • Sung in Latin

  • Polyphonic, use of Imitation

  • Performed a cappella with pure sound

  • Performed by a small chorus


1 4a visual art renaissance

1.4a Visual Art - Renaissance

  • Renaissance art united Christian faith and human reason.

  • Wealthy individuals and families supported learning and the arts through a system of patronage.

  • Wealthy patrons commissioned personal portraits, landscapes, and nudes.

  • Lorenzo de Medici was a member of the wealthiest family in Florence

  • Artists studied Classical Greek and Roman sculptures, as well as the science of anatomy

  • Linear perspective and atmospheric was discovered and allowed a completely realistic viewpoint.

  • Oil paint was invented in Northern Europe, and allowed artists to better capture realistic details.


The renaissance

Characteristics of Renaissance Art

1. Realism & Expression

  • Expulsion fromthe Garden

  • Masaccio

  • 1427

  • First nudes sinceclassical times.


The renaissance

2. Perspective

  • The Trinity

  • Masaccio

  • 1427

Perspective!

Perspective!

Perspective!

Perspective!

Perspective!

Perspective!

Perspective!

First use of linear perspective!

What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.


The renaissance

3. Classicism

  • Greco-Roman influence.

  • Secularism.

  • Humanism.

  • Individualism  free standing figures.

  • Symmetry/Balance

The “Classical Pose”Medici “Venus” (1c)


The renaissance

4. Emphasis on Individualism

  • Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino

  • Pierodella Francesca, 1465-1466.


The renaissance

5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures

  • The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate

  • Leonardo da Vinci

  • 1469

  • The figure as architecture!


The renaissance

6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges

Sfumato

Chiaroscuro


The renaissance

The Renaissance “Man”

  • Broad knowledge about many things in different fields.

  • Deep knowledge/skill in one area.

  • Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge.

  • The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education.

  • Renaissance Man Song


Famous artists

Leonardo da Vinci (1452)

Famous Artists

Botany, anatomy, music, architect, engineer

Dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work.

Mona Lisa and The Last Supper


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Artist

  • The Virgin of the Rocks

  • Leonardo daVinci

  • 1483-1486


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Artist:From hisNotebooks of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)


The renaissance

Mona Lisa – da Vinci, 1503-4

?


The renaissance

A Macaroni Mona


The renaissance

A Picasso Mona


The renaissance

An Andy Warhol Mona


The renaissance

A “Mona”ca Lewinsky


The renaissance

Mona LisaOR da Vinci??


The renaissance

The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498& Geometry


The renaissance

Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie

Milan


The renaissance

The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498

vertical

horizontal

Perspective!


The renaissance

Deterioration

  • Detail of Jesus

  • The Last Supper

  • Leonardo da Vinci

  • 1498


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Sculptor

  • An Equestrian Statue

  • 1516-1518


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Architect:Pages from his Notebook

  • Study of a central church.

  • 1488


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Architect:Pages from his Notebook

  • Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology):Pages from his Notebook

  • An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Inventor:Pages from his Notebook

Family Guy


The renaissance

Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook

Studies of water-lifting devices.

A study of siege defenses.


Michelangelo buonorrati 1475

Michelangelo Buonorrati (1475)

Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect

Pieta, which captures the sorrow of Mary as she cradles the dead Christ on her knees.

Statue of David

Sistine Chapel in Rome painted ceiling


The renaissance

Michelangelo

  • He represented the body in three dimensions of sculpture.


The renaissance

  • David

  • 1504

  • Marble


The renaissance

15c

Whatadifferenceacenturymakes!

16c


The renaissance

  • The Pieta

  • 1499

  • marble


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel1508 - 1512


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel’s CeilingMichelangelo Buonarroti1508 - 1512


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel Details

The Creation of the Heavens


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel Details

Creation of Man


The renaissance

A Modern “Adaptation”

Joe Gallo in the New York Daily News, 2004


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel Details

The Fall from Grace


The renaissance

The Sistine Chapel Details

The Last Judgment


Raphael 1483

Raphael (1483)

  • Painter

  • Raphael studied Michelangelo and da Vinci

  • Blended Christian and Classical styles.

  • Best known for his tender portrayals of the Madonna, the mother of Jesus.

  • The School of Athens (1509)


The renaissance

RaffaelloSanzio (1483-1520)

Self-Portrait, 1506

Portrait of the Artist with a Friend, 1518


The renaissance

Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael,1514-1515

  • Castiglione represented the humanist “gentleman” as a man of refinement and self-control.


The renaissance

Perspective!

Betrothal of the Virgin

Raphael

1504


The renaissance

Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507


The renaissance

Raphael’s Madonnas (1)

Sistine Madonna

Cowpepper Madonna


The renaissance

Raphael’s Madonnas (2)

Madonna della Sedia

Alba Madonna


The renaissance

The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11

  • One point perspective.

  • All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included A great variety of poses.

  • No Christian themes here.


The renaissance

The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11

Da Vinci

Raphael

Michelangelo


The renaissance

The School of Athens – Raphael, details

Plato:looks to theheavens [or the IDEALrealm].

Aristotle:looks to thisearth [thehere andnow].


Botticelli

Botticelli

1445-1510

Was a member of the Medici family

His real name was Alessandro Filipepi

Liked to paint religious paintings for churches

Most famous work is The Birth of Venus


The renaissance

Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485

An attempt to depict perfect beauty.


1 4b northern renaissance art

1.4b Northern Renaissance Art

The continuation of late medieval attention to details.

Tendency toward realism & naturalism [less emphasis on the “classical ideal”].

Interest in landscapes.

More emphasis on middle-class and peasant life.

Details of domestic interiors.

Great skill in portraiture.


Jan van eyck 1395 1441

Jan van Eyck (1395 – 1441)

  • Developed oil painting

  • More courtly and aristocratic work.

    • Court painter to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good.

  • The Virgin and Chancellor Rolin, 1435.


Van eyck adoration of the lamb ghent altarpiece 1432

Van Eyck -Adoration of the Lamb, Ghent Altarpiece, 1432


Van eyck the crucifixion the last judgment 1420 1425

Van Eyck: The Crucifixion&The Last Judgment1420-1425


The renaissance

Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife(Wedding Portrait)Jan Van Eyck1434


Jan van eyck giovanni arnolfini his wife details

Jan van Eyck - Giovanni Arnolfini & His Wife(details)


Albrecht d rer 1471 1528

Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)

  • The greatest of German artists.

  • A scholar as well as an artist.

  • Scientist

    • Wrote books on geometry, fortifications, and human proportions.

  • Self-conscious individualism of the Renaissance is seen in his portraits.

  •  Self-Portrait at 26, 1498.


D rer self portrait in fur collared robe 1500

Dürer – Self-Portrait in Fur-Collared Robe, 1500


Pieter bruegel the elder 1525 1569

Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525-1569)

  • One of the greatest artistic geniuses of his age.

  • In touch with humaniststhoughts.

  • Was deeply concerned with human vice and follies.

  • A master of landscapes.

    • People in his works often have round, blank, heavy faces.

    • They are expressionless, mindless, and sometimes malicious.

    • They are types, rather than individuals.

    • Their purpose is to convey a message.


Bruegel s mad meg 1562

Bruegel’s, Mad Meg, 1562


Bruegel s the beggars 1568

Bruegel’s, The Beggars, 1568


Bruegel s parable of the blind leading the blind 1568

Bruegel’s, Parable of the Blind Leading the Blind, 1568


Bruegel s niederlandisch proverbs 1559

Bruegel’s, Niederlandisch Proverbs, 1559


Renaissance art game

Renaissance Art Game

http://flashnhistory.com/FlashPrograms/RenaissanceArt3.swf


Renaissance review

Renaissance Review

Time of rebirth after dark Middle Ages

Artwork flourished

“renaissance man”-someone who could do it all

Dances were performed at the King’s court or in grassy towns by peasants.

People wore heavy garments

Shakespeare wrote plays that were performed at the Globe theatre in London.


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