The Renaissance. 1400-1600. 1.1 The Renaissance . Began in Florence Italy. Means “re-birth” after the Middle Ages-Black Plaque Rebirth of classical Greek and Roman Produced: artists, architects, scholars, and scientists in short span of time. Time of creativity and change in many areas
a lively dance, which included a number of hops and kicking steps
This dance displayed gestures of courtship and flirtation
The steps included walks, tiny runs, and glides.
Other forms of entertainment at the court
Commedia dell’Arte- (Italy) means comedy of the professional guilds of artists
stock characters(10-12) some wore masks,
special skills of the actors, acrobats, dancers, musicians, and improvisers
short, physical comedy routines
only venue for women actors until the English stage in the late 17th century.
The beautiful and gentle Bianca has no shortage of admirers (Lucentio, Gremio and Hortensio) but her father insists that she will not marry until her shrewish sister, Katharina, is betrothed.
Bianca\'s suitors persuade fortune-seeker Petruchio to court her. The suitors pay for any costs involved and there is also the goal of Katharina\'s dowry.
Petruchiomarries Katharina and he carries Katharina off to his country house with his servant Grumio.
Petruchiointends to browbeat Katharina into submission and he denies her food, sleep and her new clothes, whilst continuously singing her praises.
Katharina is tamed.
They return to Padua where Lucentio has won Bianca. At a banquet they wager on who has the most obedient wife.
Each wife is issued with commands but only Katharina obeys and promptly lectures everyone on the importance of wifely submission
"the shrew" refers to Katherine
"tamer of the shrew" refers to Petruccio,
sister in both the play and film have the same name, Bianca.
Baptista(the very wealthy father of Katherine and Bianca) desires to find husbands for both his daughters, offering a fine dowry; Bianca, the younger and fairer, gets more offers for marriage, but Baptista, for some reason, desires his eldest, Katherine, the "shrew," to marry first, restricting Bianca. From there, the character who desires Bianca, Lucentio, finds Petruccio, who only wants to marry, to "tame" Katherine, so Lucentio accordingly can marry Bianca.
“Shrew” Katarina (Kat)
"tamer" Patrick (or \'Pat\').
Katarina\'s sister in both the play and film have the same name,
Walter (the father of Kat and Bianca), of course, desires the best for his daugters, as fathers ought.
To Bianca\'s demise, their father restricts her dating without Kat dating as well; Bianca, the more popular, extraverted, and absent-minded of the two, for her reasons, gets frustrated at her sister, Kat, who seems incapable of any positive human interaction.
For an upcoming dance, Bianca has a choice between two dates, Joey and Cameron, but her two rivaling dates find Pat, a rebellious teenager who plays the "shrew," and, who they think, may attract Kat, since, of course, Bianca cannot date without Kat.
Through Pat\'s often ridiculous and hilarious attempts, he wins Kat\'s heart, "taming" her anti-social ways.
Reformation in the Catholic church
Use several languages (English, Italian)
Performed by a small chorus
Polyphonic, use of Imitation
Texts are sometimes about erotic love
Use of word painting
Performed at a faster tempo
Used at courtly social gatherings
1. Realism & Expression
First use of linear perspective!
What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.
The “Classical Pose”Medici “Venus” (1c)
Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook
Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook
Studies of water-lifting devices.
A study of siege defenses.
Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect
Pieta, which captures the sorrow of Mary as she cradles the dead Christ on her knees.
Statue of David
Sistine Chapel in Rome painted ceiling
The Creation of the Heavens
Creation of Man
Joe Gallo in the New York Daily News, 2004
The Fall from Grace
The Last Judgment
Portrait of the Artist with a Friend, 1518
Betrothal of the Virgin
Madonna della Sedia
Plato:looks to theheavens [or the IDEALrealm].
Aristotle:looks to thisearth [thehere andnow].
Was a member of the Medici family
His real name was Alessandro Filipepi
Liked to paint religious paintings for churches
Most famous work is The Birth of Venus
An attempt to depict perfect beauty.
The continuation of late medieval attention to details.
Tendency toward realism & naturalism [less emphasis on the “classical ideal”].
Interest in landscapes.
More emphasis on middle-class and peasant life.
Details of domestic interiors.
Great skill in portraiture.
Time of rebirth after dark Middle Ages
“renaissance man”-someone who could do it all
Dances were performed at the King’s court or in grassy towns by peasants.
People wore heavy garments
Shakespeare wrote plays that were performed at the Globe theatre in London.