Unit 2. Part I Lead-in. 1) Do you think rich people must be happier than poor people? Why? Or: Can we identify wealth with happiness? If not, why are there so many people in the world spending their whole life on the pursuit of possessions?
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--- By Karl R. Green
It was first started in San Francisco in 1891, the campaign, during which volunteers put a red kettle at a prominent place of public gathering such as the entrance to a shopping mall and ring a bell to urge passers-by to drop money into the kettle in the spirit of Christmas, has traditionally been The Salvation Army’s most prominent fund-raiser.Part II Cultural Notes (1)
Founded by Sam Walton in 1962, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is an American public corporation that runs a chain of large, discount department stores. Now the company is the largest private employer and the largest grocery retailer in the United States.
If judged by appearance Sam Walton was a very ordinary man. He was raised in the Depression years, and served in the army during World War II. It was he who, from humble beginnings, built the world’s most admired retail organization.
a progressive tax on the taxable income from the federal government of the US
personal income taxes from some state and municipal governments
The author of this text is an expert in giving supporting details to the points he wants to make. Also, he dexterously interweaves the theme of “not rich” with that of “rich” in the essay.
He falls into the lowest income brackets;
there is a lack of “things” in his apartment and life;
and a date once left him for “what’s on the outside”.
He has exceptionally good health;
he cherishes the gift of creativity;
and he feels a strong sense of belonging each December because he loves helping others as well as being appreciated for the help.
e.g. A major difficulty that confronts international students is how best to judge the quality of a program in a foreign university.
The explorers were confronted with mountains almost impassable.
e.g. Astronauts have to confront the unknown.
A soldier has to confront danger and death.
e.g. We burned with curiosity over what was in the box.
Just to satisfy my curiosity, how much did you pay for your car?
from/out of curiosity
in open curiosity
Curiosity killed a cat.
e.g. It is cruel to make fun of people who stammer.
He stammered his thanks.他结结巴巴地道了谢。
e.g. It took me quite a while to fill out the questionnaire.
The information below lists things you’ll need to prepare for filling out your application.
e.g. The council members disagreed, falling into liberal and conservative camps.
All whales fall into two groups, those with teeth and those without.
e.g. Have you ever lied a little, or fabricated a story about yourself, to impress someone you meet the first time?
The excuse for her absence was obviously fabricated.
e.g. The comedian tickled the crowd with his jokes.
It tickled her to think that her boss would dress up as a clown at the New Year party.
e.g. She tickled the boy’s feet and made him laugh.
Babies like to be tickled and hugged.
e.g. This point is vital to my argument.
The leader’s vital and cheerful manner filled his men with courage.
be vital to… 对…极为重要
e.g. The Communist Party of China will lead the Chinese people in building a well-off society.
If he had worked harder when young, he would be well off now.
e.g. Your jokes are out of place on such a solemn occasion.
At the formal party I felt very awkward and out of place.
e.g. You should focus your attention on your work.
The only way to attain your goals is to stay focused and work hard.
e.g. land affluent in natural resources
In an affluent society people can afford to strike a balance between work and life.
e.g.The richer get richer while the poor get poorer.
e.g. Some wealthy people are likely to be philanthropists.
e.g. It’s our duty to build an affluent and civilized society in the new century.
e.g. He’s amazingly cheerful considering all that he’s gone through.
When he was a child, he went through one hardship after another.
e.g. Before leaving Suzhou, we took a last lingering look at the beautiful view.
The beautiful melody is lingering in my mind.
e.g. He lingered outside the school after everybody else had gone home.
e.g. Sculpture is a tangible art form.
Tangible assets refer to those assets that have a physical form, such as machinery, buildings and land.
Using a short anecdote is a good way to start your essay. If you have a relevant anecdote ready, using it in the introduction will make your essay more interesting and attract the attention of your reader. Be sure your anecdote is short, to the point and relevant to your topic.
You are required to start an essay entitled Help the Homeless with an anecdote. In this essay, you will try to persuade your readers that people should have sympathy for the homeless because many of them suffer from misfortune and need help.