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History and Culture of Florida PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Florida's history and culture was very rich and adventure hoping centuries back.

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History and Culture of Florida

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History and culture of florida l.jpg

History and Culture of Florida


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  • The history of Florida began People 12,000 years ago. From The Florida coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico was very different 12,000 years ago.


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  • Though Everglades National Park is known for its stunning displays of wildlife, the area also boasts a rich and colorful past.

  • People have come here for centuries hoping to find riches, adventure and safe harbor.

  • Take a moment journey through the human struggles and triumphs within this remarkable landscape.


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Native Peoples:

  • Florida History is the surveys in the Everglades and within the Big Cypress Swamp indicate the presence of at least several hundred archeological sites within the interior of south Florida.

  • Some of these sites proved to be substantial, and suggest more than just marginal or short-term use.

  • Based on current data, it also appears that the sawgrass plains region south of Lake Okeechobee, now the Everglades Agricultural Area, was a transitional area used for canoe travel and small encampments by many tribes.

  • The exceptions are earthwork complexes, some of which are known to be located on the western edge of the Everglades.

  • These sites show a strong affiliation with the Belle Glade Area on the shores of Lake Okeechobee.


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Pioneer Settlement:

  • At the end of the nineteenth century the south Florida coast was still largely wilderness, one of the last coastal regions east of the Mississippi to be settled.

  • Only three small communities Chokoloskee, Cape Sable and Flamingo existed along the coast of what is now Everglades National Park.

  • Early mariners knew about Cape Sable, located west of Flamingo as it appeared on their maps. It was here in 1838 that Dr. Henry Perrine was given a grant of land. Unfortunately his plans for a settlement did not materialize due to his untimely death at the hands of Indians.

  • Another plan for settlement was proposed by Surgeon General Thomas Lawson who explored the Cape in 1838 for the U.S. government.


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Development in the Everglades:

  • Water in south Florida once flowed freely from the Kissimmee River to Lake Okeechobee and southward over low-lying lands to the estuaries of Biscayne Bay, the Ten Thousand Islands, and Florida Bay.

  • This shallow, slow-moving sheet of water covered almost 11,000 square miles, creating a mosaic of ponds, sloughs, sawgrass marshes, hardwood hammock, and forested uplands.

  • For thousands of years this intricate system evolved into a finely balanced ecosystem that formed the biological infrastructure for the southern half of the state.


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Conservation Efforts:

  • The harmful side effects of dredging and draining were apparent early in this century. In 1928 landscape architect Ernest Coe began a concentrated effort to designate a "Tropical Everglades National Park."

  • His persistence paid off when he and others persuaded Congress to designate the Everglades as a national park in 1934. It took park supporters another 13 years to acquire land and secure funding.

  • In 1947, Marjory Stone man Douglas would publish The Everglades: River of Grass, a work that would come to greatly influence the public perception of the oft-misunderstood region.


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