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Romanian history and culture. Adina Ionescu & Rodica Ana Catuneanu The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion, Romania. Cultural objectives in Bucovina and Moldavia. the remains of the Fortress of Suceava (built in 1388) and the Neamt Fortress from Targu Neamt Art Museum in Iasi

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romanian history and culture

Romanian history and culture

Adina Ionescu & Rodica Ana Catuneanu

The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion, Romania

cultural objectives in bucovina and moldavia
Cultural objectives in Bucovina and Moldavia
  • the remains of the Fortress of Suceava (built in 1388) and the Neamt Fortress from Targu Neamt
  • Art Museum in Iasi
  • Ethnographic Museum in Iasi
  • Jewish History Museum and Great Synagogue in Iasi
  • Moldavian History Museum in Iasi
  • Bucovina History Museum in Suceava
  • Etnographic Museum in Suceava
  • The monasteries and churches with painted exterior frescos of Bucovina: Voronet, Moldovita, Sucevita, Humor, Probota, Arbore, Rasca
  • The old monasteries of: Putna, Dragomirna, Bogdana-Radauti, Neamt, Agapia, Varatec.
Putna Monastery it was the first monastery built by Stephen the Great who began work on this building on 10 July 1466.

The present church was practically rebuilt between 1653 and 1662.Its walls host Stephen the Great’s tomb.

  • Location:Southern part of Romania. The Olt River divides Wallachia into Muntenia in the east and Oltenia in the west.
  • The main cities: Bucuresti, Craiova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Ploiesti, Targoviste
  • Attraction objectives:
  • the Palace of Parliament, The Museum of the Romanian Peasant, the Village Museum and many other attractions from Bucharest

  • The Peles Castle in Sinaia
  • The beautiful Orthodox monasteries built in a Byzantine style:  Arnota,  Bistrita, Cozia, Curtea de Arges, Govora and Horezu
The Peles Castle (Sinaia) was built as a summer residence by Romania\'s longest serving monarch, King Carol I, who died and was buried here in 1914, just months after the castle’s completion.

The building of the Peles Castle began in 1873 under the direct order of the Viennese architect Wilhem Doderer and was continued in 1876 by his assistant, Johann Schultz de Lemberg.

  • The House of Parliament which was designed and almost finished by the Ceauşescu regime as the seat of political and administrative power.
cultural objectives in wallachia
Cultural objectives in Wallachia
  • The pottery workshop center at Horezu
  • The Princely Court in Targoviste (the capital of Wallachia) where Vlad the Impaler rulled. Vlad took the throne at the Princely Court in 1456.
  • The Constantin Brancusi architectural complex in Targu Jiu, with its famous masterpieces: Endless Column, Gate of the Kiss, Table of Silence and Avenue of Chairs
  • Prahova Valley and the popular ski resorts of Predeal, Busteni and Sinaia
  • The Unirea salt mine in Slanic Prahova, where 2.9 million tons of salt have been extracted since 1685. Visitors can also enjoy a walk around the mine and the salt-carved sculptures.
Curtea de Arges Monastery

It was built in the time of voivode Neagoe Basarab, between 1512 and 1517.

Here could be found the graves of the Romanian kings: Carol I and Elisabeth, Ferdinand and Mary and Carol II.

The Endless Column

was inaugurated in October 1938.

The sculpture was made in the memory of the young Romanian who died in the first World War and is a stylization of the funerary pillars used in Southern Romania.


►Etymology: Transylvania or Transilvania (from Latin – “the land beyond the forest”)

►Location: Central Romania - surrounded by the arc of the Carpathian mountain chain

►The maincities Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca. Medias, Miercurea Ciuc, Sebes, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures.

► Cultural objectives from Transylvania

  • Some of Europe’s best-preserved medieval towns: Brasov, Sibiu, Sighisoara
  • Bran Castle (also known as Dracula’s Castle), built in 1377
  • Rasnov Fortress – built in the 1300s by the Teutonic Knights to protect Transylvania against the Tartars and the Turks
  • The Saxon fortified churches at Biertan, Calnic, Harman, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, and Viscri  - all designated by UNESCO as World Heritage sites
The Black Church from Brasov

Over 500 years old, the Black church is the most historical monument from Brasov, the greatest gothic church from Transylvania with impressive dimension: 90 meters in length, between 25-37 meters wide, 65 meters from the floor level to the highest point of its Cross. The construction of church began around 1380.

In 1421 an important part of the construction was destroyed during the Turkish invasion, and that is why the church was completely built in 1477.

The Bran Castle
  • Initially the castle was a stronghold built by the Teutonic Knights in 1212 conquered by the Saxons living in Transylvania at the end of the 13 century.
  • Between 1419-1424 it was in Sigismund’s possession.
  • Since the reign of Iancu of Hunedoara it passed under the rule of the Voievode of Transylvania
  • On 1-st of December 1920 it was donated to Queen Marie of Great Romania as a symbol of inhabitants of Brasov’s gratitude for her contribution to the achievement of the Great Union in 1918.
  • historical sources state that Vlad the Impaler dropped to the Bran Castle only once in his way to Brasov.
cultural objectives in transylvania
Cultural objectives in Transylvania
  • Transylvania’s finest art museum – the Bruckenthal Palace in Sibiu (one of the most significant Baroque buildings in Romania, its construction taking place between the years 1778 and 1788. )
  • The Museum of Glass-Painted Icons
  • The 14th-century Gothic Corvinesti Castle in Hunedoara city
  • The Dacian Fortresses at Sarmisegetuza, the capital city of Dacia (UNESCO World Heritage List)
  • The Moti Land (Tara Motilor) on the Ariesi Valley - moţi is the name given to the inhabitants of this region. They live in scattered villages at altitudes up to about 4,265 feet and have preserved their century-old traditions and lifestyle
  • The Apuseni Mountains with Scarisoara, Chiscau Bears’ Cave and Vartop Cave as well as other 400 caves.
banat and crisana
Banat and Crisana
  • Etymology: Crisana is named after the three main rivers in the region: Crisul Alb, Crisul Negru and Crisul Repede. The name Banat comes from the word Ban, the military leader of the region.
  • The main cities: Arad, Oradea, Timisoara

Habsburg rule until 1918 introduced Art Nouveau architecture in Banat and established Timisoara as “the garden city.”

Cultural objectives from Timisoara:

- the Banat Museum (art, natural history and ethnography)

-the Village Museum

- the Botanical Garden

banat and crisana1
Banat and Crisana
  • Cultural objectives from Timisoara:

- the Philharmonic and the Opera House

- the ruins of Timisoara Fortress

- Huniade Castle

- Old City Hall

Baile Herculane - within driving distance of Timisoara, is an ancient Roman spa, developed in the 19th century as a fashionable resort.

  • Other touristical attractions:

-The Wind Cave, the longest cave in Romania (more than 24 miles)

-The Bears’ Cave

-The Iron Gates of the Danube (Portile de Fier), the narrow Danube gorge between the Carpathian & Balkan Mountains

- The Nera Gorges (35 km from Oravita)

The Hunyad Castle

The castle has been built in the 14th to 15th century. Ever since it has undergone constant change and rebuilding. In the castle is a museum and several rooms are open to the public. More than once the castle has been used as a film set.

The Wind Cave (Romanian: Peştera Vântului), is the longest cave in Romania and with a length of almost 52km.

  • Location - Northwest Romania (bordering Ukraine in the north, Satu Mare county in the west)
  • The main cities:Baia Mare and Sighetu Marmatiei
  • Cultural objectives from Maramures:
  • Elie Wiesel Memorial House in Sighetu Marmatiei
  • Maramures Entographic Museum and Maramures
  • The Village Museum in Sighetu Marmatiei
  • Museum of Arrested Thought  in Sighetu Marmatiei

- Art Museum in Baia Mare

  • Cultural objectives from Maramures:
  • The Mineralogy Museum from Baia Mare
  • The wooden architecture of the traditional Maramures villages
  • The Rodnei Mountains National Park
  • The Wooden Churches of Maramures
  • Ethnographic Museum and Village Museum in Baia Mare
  • History & Archaeology Museum in Baia Mare
new teaching methods for people with learning disabilities
New teaching methods for people with learning disabilities
  • Differentiate teaching in accordance to the disability’s level and type of each person
  • Differentiate teachingwhen people with and without learning disabilities are trained together
  • The use of the virtual learning environment including the multimedia based applications in the training process
  • Participation to some projects developed in the framework of Life Long Learning Programme that have the objectives to promote learning the foreign languages in the framework of some cultural events or within an e-learning environment.