Romanian history and culture. Adina Ionescu & Rodica Ana Catuneanu The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion, Romania. Cultural objectives in Bucovina and Moldavia. the remains of the Fortress of Suceava (built in 1388) and the Neamt Fortress from Targu Neamt Art Museum in Iasi
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Romanian history and culture
Adina Ionescu & Rodica Ana Catuneanu
The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion, Romania
Putna Monastery it was the first monastery built by Stephen the Great who began work on this building on 10 July 1466.
The present church was practically rebuilt between 1653 and 1662.Its walls host Stephen the Great’s tomb.
The building of the Peles Castle began in 1873 under the direct order of the Viennese architect Wilhem Doderer and was continued in 1876 by his assistant, Johann Schultz de Lemberg.
Curtea de Arges Monastery
It was built in the time of voivode Neagoe Basarab, between 1512 and 1517.
Here could be found the graves of the Romanian kings: Carol I and Elisabeth, Ferdinand and Mary and Carol II.
The Endless Column
was inaugurated in October 1938.
The sculpture was made in the memory of the young Romanian who died in the first World War and is a stylization of the funerary pillars used in Southern Romania.
►Etymology: Transylvania or Transilvania (from Latin – “the land beyond the forest”)
►Location: Central Romania - surrounded by the arc of the Carpathian mountain chain
►The maincities Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca. Medias, Miercurea Ciuc, Sebes, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures.
► Cultural objectives from Transylvania
The Black Church from Brasov
Over 500 years old, the Black church is the most historical monument from Brasov, the greatest gothic church from Transylvania with impressive dimension: 90 meters in length, between 25-37 meters wide, 65 meters from the floor level to the highest point of its Cross. The construction of church began around 1380.
In 1421 an important part of the construction was destroyed during the Turkish invasion, and that is why the church was completely built in 1477.
Habsburg rule until 1918 introduced Art Nouveau architecture in Banat and established Timisoara as “the garden city.”
Cultural objectives from Timisoara:
- the Banat Museum (art, natural history and ethnography)
-the Village Museum
- the Botanical Garden
- the Philharmonic and the Opera House
- the ruins of Timisoara Fortress
- Huniade Castle
- Old City Hall
Baile Herculane - within driving distance of Timisoara, is an ancient Roman spa, developed in the 19th century as a fashionable resort.
-The Wind Cave, the longest cave in Romania (more than 24 miles)
-The Bears’ Cave
-The Iron Gates of the Danube (Portile de Fier), the narrow Danube gorge between the Carpathian & Balkan Mountains
- The Nera Gorges (35 km from Oravita)
The castle has been built in the 14th to 15th century. Ever since it has undergone constant change and rebuilding. In the castle is a museum and several rooms are open to the public. More than once the castle has been used as a film set.
The Wind Cave (Romanian: Peştera Vântului), is the longest cave in Romania and with a length of almost 52km.
- Art Museum in Baia Mare
Wooden churches and wooden gates from Maramures