Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters
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Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systems a story in 5 chapters. Lynne M. Westphal, PhD Project Leader & Research Social Scientist Northern Research Station, US Forest Service. Chapter 1 Putting people in the diagrams. Pickett 2011. 0. Exogenous Variables.

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Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systems a story in 5 chapters

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Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systemsa story in 5 chapters

Lynne M. Westphal, PhD

Project Leader & Research Social Scientist

Northern Research Station, US Forest Service


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Chapter 1

Putting people in the diagrams


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Pickett 2011


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Chapter 2

A Quick Look at the Social Sciences


Social science disciplines

Social Science Disciplines

  • Anthropology

  • Economics

  • Geography

  • Psychology

  • Sociology

  • Political Science


Additional fields and subfields

Additional fields and subfields

  • Marketing

  • Organizational behavior

  • Political Science

  • Policy analysis

  • Communication

  • Landscape Architecture

  • Urban planning

  • Recreation

  • Environmental Psychology

  • Futures Research

  • Human dimensions of Natural Resources

  • Conservation psychology

  • Public Health

  • Education

  • Evaluation

  • Regional Science

  • Behavioral economics

  • Evolutionary economics


Approach to research questions

Approach to Research Questions


Approach to research questions1

Approach to Research Questions


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Chapter 3

Who Decides?


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Who Decides what?

  • Whether to restore a site, landscape?

  • Restore to what?

  • Use herbicides in the process?

  • Use garlon or round up?


Institutional analysis development ostrum et a l

Institutional Analysis & Development – Ostrum et. al.

  • Constitutional level

  • Collective level

  • Operational level


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


A brief history of participation collaboration

A Brief History of Participation/Collaboration

  • Post WWII – The Expert Planning Paradigm

  • Social changes in the ‘60s & ‘70s – the Civil Rights movement, the Women’s movement, etc. – challenged the Expert Model.

  • Reflected in Arnstein’s Ladder, a seminal and still often cited piece on participation.


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Citizen Control

Delegated Power

Degrees of

Participation

Arnstein’s “Ladder of Participation” (1969)

Partnership

Placation

Degrees of

Tokenism

Consultation

Informing

Therapy

Non participation

Manipulation


Collaborative social learning

Collaborative, Social Learning

  • Emphasis on shared expertise, knowledge, contributions to planning and implementation.

  • Better able to handle complexities, wicked problems, multiple stakeholders.

  • Many approaches that can work, depending on issues at hand.


Examples of process characteristics

Examples of PROCESS characteristics

  • Full representation of interested stakeholders

  • Civil discourse

  • Accurate info from jointfact-finding

  • Participants free to question assumptions/propose innovative ideas


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


Examples of outcome characteristics

Examples of OUTCOME characteristics

  • Produces high quality agreements (meets basic interests)

  • Generates feasible and practical proposals that solve problems

  • Creates new informal & working relationships

  • Produces outcomes viewed as “just”


No panaceas

No panaceas

  • Collaboration is not always the ticket.

  • Collaboration takes specific skills. Don’t have them? Find someone who does.


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Chapter 4

A Brief Consideration of an Additional Type of Restoration Project


Models of urban restoration renaturing

Models of Urban Restoration/Renaturing

  • Work I’ve done with Paul H. Gobster, US Forest Service and

  • Matthias Gross, Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

  • Classic model

  • Sensitive Species model

  • Habitat model

  • Nature Garden model

  • Cultural Landscape Restoration model

  • Rehabilitation model


Cultural landscape restoration model

Cultural Landscape Restoration model


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

Chapter 5

A Cute Picture & Something to Remember


Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters

The End


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