Putting the socio in restoration of socioecological systems a story in 5 chapters
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Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systems a story in 5 chapters. Lynne M. Westphal, PhD Project Leader & Research Social Scientist Northern Research Station, US Forest Service. Chapter 1 Putting people in the diagrams. Pickett 2011. 0. Exogenous Variables.

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Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systems a story in 5 chapters

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Putting the “Socio” in Restoration of Socioecological Systemsa story in 5 chapters

Lynne M. Westphal, PhD

Project Leader & Research Social Scientist

Northern Research Station, US Forest Service


Chapter 1

Putting people in the diagrams


Pickett 2011


0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


Chapter 2

A Quick Look at the Social Sciences


Social Science Disciplines

  • Anthropology

  • Economics

  • Geography

  • Psychology

  • Sociology

  • Political Science


Additional fields and subfields

  • Marketing

  • Organizational behavior

  • Political Science

  • Policy analysis

  • Communication

  • Landscape Architecture

  • Urban planning

  • Recreation

  • Environmental Psychology

  • Futures Research

  • Human dimensions of Natural Resources

  • Conservation psychology

  • Public Health

  • Education

  • Evaluation

  • Regional Science

  • Behavioral economics

  • Evolutionary economics


Approach to Research Questions


Approach to Research Questions


Chapter 3

Who Decides?


Who Decides what?

  • Whether to restore a site, landscape?

  • Restore to what?

  • Use herbicides in the process?

  • Use garlon or round up?


Institutional Analysis & Development – Ostrum et. al.

  • Constitutional level

  • Collective level

  • Operational level


0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


A Brief History of Participation/Collaboration

  • Post WWII – The Expert Planning Paradigm

  • Social changes in the ‘60s & ‘70s – the Civil Rights movement, the Women’s movement, etc. – challenged the Expert Model.

  • Reflected in Arnstein’s Ladder, a seminal and still often cited piece on participation.


Citizen Control

Delegated Power

Degrees of

Participation

Arnstein’s “Ladder of Participation” (1969)

Partnership

Placation

Degrees of

Tokenism

Consultation

Informing

Therapy

Non participation

Manipulation


Collaborative, Social Learning

  • Emphasis on shared expertise, knowledge, contributions to planning and implementation.

  • Better able to handle complexities, wicked problems, multiple stakeholders.

  • Many approaches that can work, depending on issues at hand.


Examples of PROCESS characteristics

  • Full representation of interested stakeholders

  • Civil discourse

  • Accurate info from jointfact-finding

  • Participants free to question assumptions/propose innovative ideas


0

Exogenous Variables

Biophysical/Material Conditions

Action Arena

Action arena

Interactions

Attributes of community

Actors

Evaluative criteria

Rules

Outcomes

Ostrom 2005


Examples of OUTCOME characteristics

  • Produces high quality agreements (meets basic interests)

  • Generates feasible and practical proposals that solve problems

  • Creates new informal & working relationships

  • Produces outcomes viewed as “just”


No panaceas

  • Collaboration is not always the ticket.

  • Collaboration takes specific skills. Don’t have them? Find someone who does.


Chapter 4

A Brief Consideration of an Additional Type of Restoration Project


Models of Urban Restoration/Renaturing

  • Work I’ve done with Paul H. Gobster, US Forest Service and

  • Matthias Gross, Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research


  • Classic model

  • Sensitive Species model

  • Habitat model

  • Nature Garden model

  • Cultural Landscape Restoration model

  • Rehabilitation model


Cultural Landscape Restoration model


Chapter 5

A Cute Picture & Something to Remember


The End


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