Chapter 13 emergency incident management
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Chapter 13 Emergency Incident Management. Introduction. Incidents come in all types and sizes As you become more skilled in size-up and applying strategic priorities, you can better assist the person in command of the incident

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Chapter 13 emergency incident management

Chapter 13Emergency Incident Management


Introduction

  • Incidents come in all types and sizes

  • As you become more skilled in size-up and applying strategic priorities, you can better assist the person in command of the incident

  • By learning ICS prior to an incident, resources from different agencies and disciplines can come together at the scene and operate in an effective, coordinated manner


Learning Objective 1

Need for a Plan at Every Incident

  • MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITY

    • Primarily first-in fire officer

    • Resources and control

    • INCIDENT PLANNING

    • Effective utilization of resources

    • Resolve incident without further damage


Learning Objective 2

Offensive, Defensive,

and Combination Attacks

  • OFFENSIVE MODE

    • Resources applied directly

    • Risk versus benefit

    • DEFENSIVE MODE

    • Fire is too large or well established

    • Risk to personnel is too high


Learning Objective 2

Offensive, Defensive,

and Combination Attacks

  • COMBINATION MODE

    • Both offensive and defensive modes

    • Requires good communication

    • Used on large wildland incidents

    • Used to add structure protection

    • Requires careful coordination


Learning Objectives 3 and 4

Need for Organized Thought Process

Strategic Priorities at an Incident

  • LAYMAN’S SEVEN STRATEGIC PRIORITIES

    • Rescue

    • Exposure protection

    • Confinement

    • Extinguishment

    • Overhaul

    • Cont.


Learning Objectives 3 and 4

Need for Organized Thought Process

Strategic Priorities at an Incident

  • LAYMAN’S SEVEN STRATEGIC PRIORITIES

    • Salvage operations

    • Ventilation

    • ORDER OF SEVEN STRATEGIC PRIORITIES

    • Not necessarily performed in order

    • Acronym is “RECEO SV”


Learning Objective 5

Strategy, Tactics, and Tasks

  • STRATEGIES

    • Plans to achieve a goal or objective

    • TACTICS

    • Actions taken to achieve strategies

    • TASKS

    • Pieces of work to achieve the tactics


Learning Objective 5

Strategy, Tactics, and Tasks

  • COMMUNICATION

    • Personnel should not need lengthy instruction

    • Knowledge of priorities and tactics

    • Participants should understand their responsibilities

    • Should be two-way

    • Incident commanders

    • Company officers


Learning Objectives 6 and 7

Need for Size-Up of an Incident

Condition Reports and Performing Size-Up

  • STEPS FOR SIZE-UP

    • Determining facts

    • Anticipating probabilities

    • Assessing your own situation

    • Making a decision

    • Planning the operation


Learning Objectives 6 and 7

Need for Size-Up of an Incident

Condition Reports and Performing Size-Up

  • WILDLAND FIRE REPORT OF CONDITIONS

    • Correct location

    • Size

    • Fuel type

    • Slope and aspect

    • Rate of spread

    • Cont.


Learning Objectives 6 and 7

Need for Size-Up of an Incident

Condition Reports and Performing Size-Up

  • WILDLAND FIRE REPORT OF CONDITIONS

    • Exposures

    • Weather conditions

    • Potential of the fire

    • Additional resources needed

    • Objectives


Learning Objectives 6 and 7

Need for Size-Up of an Incident

Condition Reports and Performing Size-Up

  • STRUCTURE FIRE REPORT OF CONDITIONS

    • Correct location

    • Height/stories

    • Size

    • Type of structure

    • Location and area involved

      • Cont.


Learning Objectives 6 and 7

Need for Size-Up of an Incident

Condition Reports and Performing Size-Up

  • STRUCTURE FIRE REPORT OF CONDITIONS

    • Level of involvement

    • Exposures

    • Potential of fire

    • Additional resources needed

    • Objectives

    • Obtain an “all clear”


Learning Objective 8

National Incident Management

System (NIMS)

  • HOMELAND SECURITY PRESIDENTIAL DIRECTIVE 5

    • Issued in response to September 11, 2001, attacks

    • Called for National Incident Management System

    • ESTABLISHMENT OF NIMS

    • Incident Command System (ICS) as a key feature

    • Announced in March 2004


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM (ICS)

    • Standardized all-hazard incident management concept

    • Considerable internal flexibility

    • HISTORY OF ICS

    • Developed in 1970s following catastrophic fires

    • Response problems due to management of incidents


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • ICS BUILT ON BEST PRACTICES

    • Based on successful business practices

    • Tested in 30 years of applications

    • WHAT ICS IS DESIGNED TO DO

    • Meet the needs of incidents of any kind or size

    • Avoid duplicating effort


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • SOME APPLICATIONS OF ICS

    • Fire, both structural and wildland

    • Human and animal disease outbreaks

    • Hazardous material incidents

    • Terrorist incidents

    • National special security events

    • Other planned events


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • ICS FEATURES

    • Common terminology and clear text

    • Modular organization

    • Management of objectives

    • Reliance on an Incident Action Plan (IAP)

    • Management of span of control

    • Cont.


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • ICS FEATURES

    • Predesignated incident locations and facilities

    • Resource management

    • Integrated communications

    • Chain of command and unity of command

    • Cont.


Learning Objectives 9 and 11

Components of Incident Command System

Unified Command at Multijurisdictional Incident

  • ICS FEATURES

    • Unified command

    • Transfer of command

    • Accountability

    • Mobilization

    • Information and intelligence management


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • PERFORMANCE OF MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

    • Incident Command

    • Operations

    • Planning

    • Logistics

    • Finance/Administration


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • INCIDENT COMMANDER

    • Overall role

      • Has overall responsibility for managing incident

    • Responsibilities

    • Selecting and changing Incident Commanders

    • May change to meet needs of incident


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • EXPANDING THE ORGANIZATION

    • Command staff

    • General staff

    • ICS Section Chiefs

    • and Deputies


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • OPERATIONS SECTION

    • Operations Section Chief

      • Greatest technical expertise of the problem

    • Operations Section: Maintaining span of control

    • Operations Section: Expanding and contracting


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • PLANNING SECTION

    • Resources Unit

    • Situation Unit

    • Documentation Unit

    • Demobilization Unit


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • LOGISTICS SECTION

    • Logistics Section: Major activities

    • Logistics Service Branch

    • Logistics Support Branch


Learning Objective 10

Positions and Functions in ICS

  • FINANCE ADMINISTRATION SECTION

    • Finance Administration Section: Major activities

    • Finance Administration Section: Units


Summary

  • At any time at an incident, you should be able to answer three questions: What do you have? What do you need? What is your plan?

  • For effective management of any type of incident, there must be an Incident Action Plan

  • With the standardization of the ICS across the nation through NIMS, a management team or resources from another area can be brought in to assist with an incident if the need arises

  • Management staff can adapt the structure of the organization to meet incident needs


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