Understanding sti
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UNDERSTANDING STI. What are Sexually Transmitted Infections?. As the name suggests these are infections which transmit from one person to another through sexual route These infections are usually caused by microorganisms such as bacteria or virus. URETHRAL DISCHARGE. URETHRAL DISCHARGE.

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What are sexually transmitted infections
What are Sexually Transmitted Infections?

  • As the name suggests these are infections which transmit from one person to another through sexual route

  • These infections are usually caused by microorganisms such as bacteria or virus



Urethral discharge1
URETHRAL DISCHARGE

Pain or burning while passing urine

Increased frequency of urination

May be cream or yellow coloured discharge coming from urine passing hole

Discharge may be thick or thin like mucus



Painful scrotal swelling1
PAINFUL SCROTAL SWELLING

Swelling and pain in the scrotal region

Pain or burning while passing urine

Systemic symptoms like malaise, fever

History of urethral discharge



Inguinal bubo1
INGUINAL BUBO

Swelling in one or both groins which may be painful

Preceding history of genital ulcer or discharge

Systemic symptoms like malaise, fever



Genital ulcer non herpetic1
GENITAL ULCER – NON-HERPETIC

Genital ulcer, single or multiple, painful or painless

Burning sensation in the genital area

Enlarged lymph nodes



Genital ulcer herpetic1
GENITAL ULCER –HERPETIC

Eruption of vesicles, painful, multiple genital ulcer

Burning sensation in the genital area

Recurrence



Vaginal discharge1
VAGINAL DISCHARGE

Vaginal discharge (cheese, white)

Nature and type of discharge – Increase in quantity, colour and odour

Itching around genitalia



Cervical discharge1
CERVICAL DISCHARGE

Yellowish discharge with bad odour

Nature and type of discharge – quantity, colour and odour

Burning while passing urine, increased frequency



Lower abdominal pain lap1
LOWER ABDOMINAL PAIN (LAP)

Lower abdominal pain

Fever

Vaginal discharge

Menstrual irregularities like heavy, irregular vaginal bleeding

Pain during bleeding

Lower backache

Cervical motion tenderness



Oral and anal sti1
ORAL AND ANAL STI

  • Ulcers, sores, blisters, discharge, growth at oral and/or anall regions


Other sti
OTHER STI

  • Warts (single or multiple, soft painless growths which looks like a cauliflower)

  • Genital Louse Infestation (itching, leading to scratching which may be limited to genital area all over the body)

  • MolluscumContagiosum (multiple, soft, painless smooth, pearl like swellings )

  • Genital Scabies (itching of genitals, especially at night )


Consequences of sti
CONSEQUENCES OF STI

  • Risk of transmission to partner

  • Increase in symptoms leading to pain, disability

  • Spread of infection to other parts of body

  • Increased risk of HIV



HIV

  • Human

  • Immunodeficiency

  • Virus


AIDS

  • Acquired

  • Immuno-Deficiency

  • Syndrome


Hiv vs aids
HIV vs AIDS

  • HIV – chronic manageable disease like diabetes

  • AIDS – end stage of untreated HIV disease, can be managed


How does one get infected
HOW DOES ONE GET INFECTED?

  • Unprotected sex with infected partner

    (oral, anal or vaginal)

  • Infected mother to child

    (during pregnancy/delivery, breastfeeding)

  • Direct blood contact, which may occur through needle sharing, blood transfusions, accidents in health care settings


Hiv does not spread through
HIV DOES NOT SPREAD THROUGH:

Shaking hands

Sharing combs

Eating from the same plate

Hugging


Hiv does not spread through1
HIV DOES NOT SPREAD THROUGH:

Towels or clothes

Sharing latrines or toilets

Sitting close to other people

Mosquitoes, bedbugs, other insects or animals.


Linkage of sti with hiv
LINKAGE OF STI WITH HIV

  • Persons suffering from STI have 2 to 4 times increased risk of getting HIV infection

  • HIV decreases immunity and increases vulnerability to getting STI

  • Genital ulcers –sores make it easier for HIV to enter the body


Contd
CONTD.

Impaired Immunity

STI

HIV

Unprotected

sexual intercourse



Sharing injection equipment

Increased risk of HIV

High risk sex behaviour

Socio-cultural reasons

Effect of substance

Economic & Financial reasons

Legal/

discriminatory law


What are high risk behaviours
WHAT ARE HIGH-RISK BEHAVIOURS?

INJECTING RELATED

Sharing needles

Sharing syringes

Sharing other injection paraphernalia

Unhygienic injecting practices

SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR

Sex with multiple partners

Sex with a partner who has multiple partners (e.g., sex worker)

Sex in presence of STIs

Anal Sex

UNPROTECTED SEX


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