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UNDERSTANDING STI. What are Sexually Transmitted Infections?. As the name suggests these are infections which transmit from one person to another through sexual route These infections are usually caused by microorganisms such as bacteria or virus. URETHRAL DISCHARGE. URETHRAL DISCHARGE.

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what are sexually transmitted infections
What are Sexually Transmitted Infections?
  • As the name suggests these are infections which transmit from one person to another through sexual route
  • These infections are usually caused by microorganisms such as bacteria or virus
urethral discharge1
URETHRAL DISCHARGE

Pain or burning while passing urine

Increased frequency of urination

May be cream or yellow coloured discharge coming from urine passing hole

Discharge may be thick or thin like mucus

painful scrotal swelling1
PAINFUL SCROTAL SWELLING

Swelling and pain in the scrotal region

Pain or burning while passing urine

Systemic symptoms like malaise, fever

History of urethral discharge

inguinal bubo1
INGUINAL BUBO

Swelling in one or both groins which may be painful

Preceding history of genital ulcer or discharge

Systemic symptoms like malaise, fever

genital ulcer non herpetic1
GENITAL ULCER – NON-HERPETIC

Genital ulcer, single or multiple, painful or painless

Burning sensation in the genital area

Enlarged lymph nodes

genital ulcer herpetic1
GENITAL ULCER –HERPETIC

Eruption of vesicles, painful, multiple genital ulcer

Burning sensation in the genital area

Recurrence

vaginal discharge1
VAGINAL DISCHARGE

Vaginal discharge (cheese, white)

Nature and type of discharge – Increase in quantity, colour and odour

Itching around genitalia

cervical discharge1
CERVICAL DISCHARGE

Yellowish discharge with bad odour

Nature and type of discharge – quantity, colour and odour

Burning while passing urine, increased frequency

lower abdominal pain lap1
LOWER ABDOMINAL PAIN (LAP)

Lower abdominal pain

Fever

Vaginal discharge

Menstrual irregularities like heavy, irregular vaginal bleeding

Pain during bleeding

Lower backache

Cervical motion tenderness

oral and anal sti1
ORAL AND ANAL STI
  • Ulcers, sores, blisters, discharge, growth at oral and/or anall regions
other sti
OTHER STI
  • Warts (single or multiple, soft painless growths which looks like a cauliflower)
  • Genital Louse Infestation (itching, leading to scratching which may be limited to genital area all over the body)
  • MolluscumContagiosum (multiple, soft, painless smooth, pearl like swellings )
  • Genital Scabies (itching of genitals, especially at night )
consequences of sti
CONSEQUENCES OF STI
  • Risk of transmission to partner
  • Increase in symptoms leading to pain, disability
  • Spread of infection to other parts of body
  • Increased risk of HIV
slide24
HIV
  • Human
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Virus
slide25
AIDS
  • Acquired
  • Immuno-Deficiency
  • Syndrome
hiv vs aids
HIV vs AIDS
  • HIV – chronic manageable disease like diabetes
  • AIDS – end stage of untreated HIV disease, can be managed
how does one get infected
HOW DOES ONE GET INFECTED?
  • Unprotected sex with infected partner

(oral, anal or vaginal)

  • Infected mother to child

(during pregnancy/delivery, breastfeeding)

  • Direct blood contact, which may occur through needle sharing, blood transfusions, accidents in health care settings
hiv does not spread through
HIV DOES NOT SPREAD THROUGH:

Shaking hands

Sharing combs

Eating from the same plate

Hugging

hiv does not spread through1
HIV DOES NOT SPREAD THROUGH:

Towels or clothes

Sharing latrines or toilets

Sitting close to other people

Mosquitoes, bedbugs, other insects or animals.

linkage of sti with hiv
LINKAGE OF STI WITH HIV
  • Persons suffering from STI have 2 to 4 times increased risk of getting HIV infection
  • HIV decreases immunity and increases vulnerability to getting STI
  • Genital ulcers –sores make it easier for HIV to enter the body
contd
CONTD.

Impaired Immunity

STI

HIV

Unprotected

sexual intercourse

slide33

Sharing injection equipment

Increased risk of HIV

High risk sex behaviour

Socio-cultural reasons

Effect of substance

Economic & Financial reasons

Legal/

discriminatory law

what are high risk behaviours
WHAT ARE HIGH-RISK BEHAVIOURS?

INJECTING RELATED

Sharing needles

Sharing syringes

Sharing other injection paraphernalia

Unhygienic injecting practices

SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR

Sex with multiple partners

Sex with a partner who has multiple partners (e.g., sex worker)

Sex in presence of STIs

Anal Sex

UNPROTECTED SEX

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