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Research and Technology in Japan. by Dr G.A. Papadopoulos Research Director National Observatory of Athens. MOBUSO (MEXT). MOBUSO. ● Education ● Science & Technology ● Culture ● Sports all go together !. MOBUSO Structure. National Budget. MOBUSO Budget. MOBUSO Councils.

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Research and Technology in Japan

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Research and Technology in Japan

by

Dr G.A. Papadopoulos

Research Director

National Observatory of Athens


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MOBUSO (MEXT)


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MOBUSO

● Education

● Science & Technology

● Culture

● Sports

all go together !


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MOBUSO Structure


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National Budget


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MOBUSO Budget


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MOBUSO Councils

1. The Council for Science and Technology

2. The Central Council for Education carries out research and deliberations on important matters related to the promotion of education, lifelong learning, sports and other matters.

3. The Council for Cultural Affairs carries out research and deliberations concerning matters related to the promotion of culture and international cultural exchange.

4. Special Zones for Structural Reform are areas where the economy of Japan and regions of Japan will be activated by establishing special measures accordingly to regional characteristics and promoting structural reform on the initiative of each region.


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The Council for Science and Technology

The Council carries out research and deliberation on important matters relating to the promotion of science and technology, providing opinions to the Minister

There are six subdivisions

Subdivision on Research Planning and Evaluation,

Subdivision on Resources Study,

Subdivision on Technology,

Subdivision on Ocean Development,

Subdivision on Geodesy,

Subdivision on Professional Engineers,


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The Council for Science and Technology

Two subordinate sections

●Technology and Research Foundations Section

● Bioethics and Biosafety Commission

Two subordinate committees

● Committee on the Promotion of Internationalization

● Committee on Human Resources

 The Council is ensuring a harmonization of the socio-economy and science and technology as well as a comprehensive approach, and has been engaged in fervent discussions aimed at producing highly original and world-class research results.


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Distribution of Institutes


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Promotion of Science and Technology

Nationwide:

Improve the Japanese standard of living

aiming to be an"advanced science-and technology-oriented nation“

Worldwide:

Contribution to the solution of common human problems

   Endorsing the three desirable goals of

●promoting research of the highest worldwide standards,

●creation of new academia in the 21st century ,

● contribution to society,

MEXT is promoting diverse academic research in a wide spectrum of disciplines according to the following basic direction of promotion:

√ respect for the autonomy of researchers;

√ progress in all academic fields from the humanities and social sciences to the natural sciences;

√ integrated promotion of education and research.


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Promotion of Special Fields

●Coordination between Industry, Academia and Government and

Advancement of Regional Science and Technology

●Research and Development in the

√ Life Sciences Field

√ Aerospace Field

√ Nuclear Energy Field

√ Creative, Cutting-Edge Basic Research and Increasing

Competitive Funding

√ Nanotechnology and Materials Science Field

√ Field of Earthquakes and Disasters Reduction

√ Environmental Science Field

√ Ocean Science and Earth Science Field

√ Information and Communications Field


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Example of the Seismic Hazard Map of JapanNorthern Japan (Released March 2003)Probability of experiencing tremors of 6 and above onthe Japanese seismic intensity scale within the next 30 years


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MOBUSO’s CoE Initiative

● Creation of Centers of Excellence under special competitive calls

● Emphasis is given to individual CoE’s,

no preference to the establishment of

Networks of CoE’s


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International Cooperation in Science and Technology

1. Cooperation Based on International Frameworks

2.Promotion of International Research Exchange

3.Promotion of International Cooperation Projects

3.1 Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP)

3.2 The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Project

(Japanese contribution to CERN’s energy accelerator)

3.3Other International Cooperation Projects

e.g. International Space Station Program,

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project

Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP)

4. International Educational Cooperation


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The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)

  • An Independent Administrative Institution (IAI) in association with the

    Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)

  • Through the fusion of the research activities of a wide variety of research groups and the fostering of creativity, AIST generates new technologies and new industries and contributes to the economic development of the country


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The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)


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AIST perform research and disseminate research results in the following areas:

  • Industrial infrastructure technology, including measurement standards, geological surveys, and the development of base technologies necessary for the maintenance of the techno-infrastructure of Japan.

(b)Energy and environmental technology, which because

of long lead times and high risk require the government to

search for solutions.

(c)Interdisciplinary and broad-spectrum research

activities to promote innovation and reinforce the

international competitive strength of Japanese industry

and encourage the creation of new industries.


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AIST main goals

  • To Develop Intellectual Infrastructure

  • To Establish Innovative Key Technologies

  • To Meet Social Needs

  • To Promote the Spread of Knowledge


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MOBUSO

Promotion of Science and Education

in a

Coordinated way

AIST

Promotion of new technologies,

new industries and contribution to the economic development of the country

Summary


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National Priorities

advanced

science-and technology-oriented nation

for the improvement of the standard of living

Worldwide Priorities

Contribution

to the solution

of common

human problems

Summary


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Summary

  • Very important tools

  • Competition

  • Evaluation

  • Evolution


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