Allied leaders formed a court to try Nazi leaders called the Nuremberg Trials. At the Nuremberg trials, 21 former Nazis were convicted of crimes against humanity. In separate trials, seven Japanese leaders were sentenced to death.
In 1944 world leaders met to plan the United Nations (UN). The goal of the UN was to settle global conflicts peacefully. One of the first major actions of the UN was the division of Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states. Israel joined the United Nations in 1949.
As veterans returned from war, new laws and the GI Bill of Rights eased their transition. The GI Bill of Rights werelaws to help returning veterans readjust after the war. When rationing ended, prices went up as people rushed to buy goods. Unions demanded pay raises and went on strike. The president and Congress took action to gain more control over labor disputes.POSTWAR AMERICA
The Cold War quickly spread from Europe to Asia. The Communists in China, led by Mao Zedong, gained control of the country. Many Americans worried that all of Asia might soon become Communist.
THE KOREAN WAR Communists in China, led by
In 1951 the two sides reached a stalemate on the 38th parallel. Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president in 1952. He promised to end the war. A truce in 1953 finally stopped the war. Once again, Korea was divided.
The first Red Scare came after the Russian Revolution in 1917. After World War II, people in the United States again began to fear that Communists would take over. Starting in 1947 Congress held hearings to look into Communist influence in the movie industry. Spy cases also increased concerns. Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that Communists were inside the government. He had no concrete proof, so he made up some of the charges.A NEW RED SCARE
Fear of Communism 1917. After World War II, people in the United States again began to fear that Communists would take over. Starting in 1947 Congress held hearings to look into Communist influence in the movie industry. Spy cases also increased concerns. Wisconsin Senator
In the 1950s the fear of communism caused
leaders to ignore the civil liberties of
Some critics, like this cartoonist,
believed these tactics
threatened the freedom of all Americans.
Here, a frightened
man climbs the arm of the Statue of
Liberty to put out her torch.
Why is the man shown to be putting out the
THE END jazz musicians helped create a type of music known as Bebop. Bebop was a complex jazz style played at a very fast pace. At the same time, rock ‘n’ roll was sweeping the nation. Teenagers powered the rock ‘n’ roll revolution by buying most of the records sold in the late 1950s. Like jazz in an earlier era, many adults were concerned and they criticized the new forms of music.