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1945. 1952. The Early Cold War. MAIN THEMES 1.   How the mutual mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union combined with critical events of World War II to cause the Cold War.

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The early cold war

1945

1952

The Early Cold War


MAIN THEMES

1.   How the mutual mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union combined with critical events of World War II to cause the Cold War.

2.   How the American policy of containment led to an increasing American involvement in crises around the world.

3.   How World War II ended the Great Depression and ushered in an era of nervous prosperity.

4.   How the Cold War contributed to a reluctance to return to domestic reform. That the immediate postwar era produced an anticommunist reaction, and how that reaction affected domestic American politics.


Origins of the cold war
Origins of the Cold War

  • Wartime Diplomacy

    Jan 1942- Casablanca

    Nov/Dec 1943- Teheran

    Feb 1945 – Yalta

    July 1945 – Potsdam

Teheran

  • Yalta


Origins of the cold war1
Origins of the Cold War

  • The Collapse of the Peace

    • Sources of Soviet--American Tension

      • Ideology

      • Geopolitics

      • Soviet Casualties / Soviet Security

      • Nuclear War

    • The Failure of Potsdam

      • Polish Government

      • Polish Territory

      • Future of Germany

    • The China Problem



The cold war
The Cold War

  • The Collapse of the Peace

    • The Containment Doctrine

      1947 - The Truman Doctrine: Greece /Turkey

    • National Security Act of 1947

      • National Security Council

      • Central Intelligence Agency

      • Creation of the Departments of Defense and Air Force


The cold war1
The Cold War

  • The Marshall Plan

  • Revival of Selective Service

    • Failure of Universal Service


The cold war2
The Cold War

  • The Collapse of the Peace

    • The Road to NATO

      1948 - Berlin Airlift

      1949 - North Atlantic Treaty

      Organization

      1955 - Warsaw Pact


Debating the past the cold war
Debating the Past: THE COLD WAR

  • The New Left

    • William Appleman Williams

    • Walter LaFeber

    • Gabriel Kolko

  • Postrevisionism

    • John Lewis Gaddis

    • Melvin Leffler

  • Other

    • Tony Smith


American politics and society after the war
American Politics and Society After the War

  • The Problems of Reconversion

    1944 - Serviceman’s Readjustment Act (GI Bill)

    1946 - UMW Strike

  • The Fair Deal Rejected

    1946 - Social Security / Minimum wage

    1947 - Taft / Hartley Act



American politics and society after the war1
American Politics and Society After the War

  • The Fair Deal Revived

    • Expanded Social Security

    • Low income housing

    • Discrimination measures

      • Integration of the Military


The Korean War -The Divided Peninsula



The cold war3
The Cold War

  • The Korean War

    • Limited Mobilization

      • Office of Defense Mobilization

      • Increased Economic Growth

    • Civil Control Over the Military

      • Truman / MacArthur Controversy


The crusade against subversion
The Crusade Against Subversion

1947- The Federal Loyalty Program

- J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI

1947 - House Un-American Activities Committee

1948 - “Hollywood Ten”

1948 – Whittiker Chambers’ “pumpkin papers (Alger Hiss)

1951-53 - Rosenberg Case

1950-1964 - McCarthyism

  • “Twenty Years of Treason”

  • Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan

  • Army-McCarthy Hearings


The beginning of the end of the cold war
The Beginning of the End of the Cold War

  • THE “NEW” GERMANY

    1948 - Berlin Blockade

    1949 - the Basic Law

    1949 - 63, Adenauer Era

    1954 Restoration of Sovereignty (with some exceptions) to the F.R.G.

    1955 Entry into NATO and the Western European Union (WEU)

    1961 Berlin Wall Erected

    1969 – Election of Willy Brandt


  • OBJECTIVES

  • A thorough study of Chapter 29 should enable you to understand:

  • The background of United States relations with the Soviet Union before and during World War II. .

  • The source of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union that led to the outbreak of the Cold War.

  • The meaning of the doctrine of containment and the specific programs that implemented the concept.

  • The significance of China's becoming communist to American foreign policy in Asia.

  • The circumstances that led to United States participation in a "limited" war in Korea.

  • The reaction of American public opinion to President Harry Truman's handling of the "police action" in Korea including his firing of General Douglas MacArthur.

  • The nature and extent of American fears of internal communist subversion during the early Cold War years.


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