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An Intelligent Interface to a GIS. Stuart C. Shapiro Professor, CSE Director, SNePS Research Group Member, Center for Cognitive Science Faculty Member, Interdisciplinary MS in Computational Linguistics Faculty Participant, IGERT. Introduction. Long-Term Goal. Theory and Implementation of

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An Intelligent Interface to a GIS

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An Intelligent Interface to a GIS

Stuart C. Shapiro

Professor, CSE

Director, SNePS Research Group

Member, Center for Cognitive Science

Faculty Member, Interdisciplinary MS

in Computational Linguistics

Faculty Participant, IGERT

S.C. Shapiro


S.C. Shapiro

Long-Term Goal

  • Theory and Implementation of


    Computerized Cognitive Agent/Robot

  • and Supporting Research in

    Artificial Intelligence

    Cognitive Science

    Computational Linguistics.

S.C. Shapiro

Research Areas

  • Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

  • Cognitive Robotics

  • Natural-Language Understanding

  • Natural-Language Generation.

S.C. Shapiro


  • A computational cognitive agent that can:

    • Understand and communicate in English;

    • Discuss specific, generic, and “rule-like” information;

    • Reason;

    • Discuss acts and plans;

    • Sense;

    • Act;

    • Maintain a model of itself;

    • Remember and report what it has sensed and done.

S.C. Shapiro


  • A computational cognitive agent

    • Embodied in hardware

    • or Software-Simulated

    • Based on SNePS and GLAIR.

S.C. Shapiro


  • Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

    • Propositions as Terms

  • SNIP: SNePS Inference Package

    • Specialized connectives and quantifiers

  • SNeBR: SNePS Belief Revision

  • SNeRE: SNePS Rational Engine

  • Interface Languages

    • SNePSUL: Lisp-Like

    • SNePSLOG: Logic-Like

    • GATN for Fragments of English.

S.C. Shapiro

GLAIR Architecture

Grounded Layered Architecture with Integrated Reasoning

Knowledge Level


Perceptuo-Motor Level


Sensory-Actuator Level





S.C. Shapiro

Interaction with Cassie

(Current) Set of Beliefs



(Statement, Question, Command)


Clarification Dialogue

Looking in World

GATN Parser

(Updated) Set

of Beliefs


(New Belief)






GATN Generator


English sentence expressing

new belief answering question reporting actions

S.C. Shapiro

Example Cassies& Worlds

S.C. Shapiro


S.C. Shapiro


S.C. Shapiro

FEVAHRWorld Simulation

S.C. Shapiro

UXO Remediation

Corner flag


Drop-off zone


NonUXO object



Corner flag

Corner flag




Safe zone

S.C. Shapiro

Crystal Space Environment

S.C. Shapiro

Princess from “The Trial, The Trail”

A VR drama by Josephine Anstey

S.C. Shapiro

Vacuum Cleaner Cassie

Using Byron Weber Becker’s Java Karel

S.C. Shapiro

Magellan ProTM Mobile RobotfromiRobot

S.C. Shapiro

A GIS Interface Agent

Based on

Jun Xu, 2003, Implement an Intelligent ArcView User Interface Using SNePS, Proceeding of the 23rd Annual ESRI User Conference, San Diego, California, July 7-11, 2003.

Stuart C. Shapiro, Hans Chalupsky, Hsueh-Cheng Chou, and David M. Mark. Intelligent user interfaces: Connecting ARC/INFO and SNACTor, a semantic network based system for planning actions. In Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual ESRI User Conference, V. 3, pages 151-165. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, California, 1992.

S.C. Shapiro

View1 is a view.

Statetheme is a theme.

Open view1.

Add statetheme to view1.

S.C. Shapiro

Add laketheme to view2.

Add rivertheme to view2.

S.C. Shapiro

Add roadtheme to view1.

S.C. Shapiro

Find New York in statetheme.

Zoom in statetheme.

S.C. Shapiro

Zoom out statetheme.

Add citytheme to view1.

S.C. Shapiro

Find San Diego in citytheme.

Zoom in citytheme.

Show table of citytheme.

S.C. Shapiro

For More Information

  • Shapiro:

  • SNePS Research Group:

    • Meets Fridays 9-11, 242 Bell Hall

    • Join us!

S.C. Shapiro

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