Types of Microscopes
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Types of Microscopes. Simple Microscope - contains only one lens. ex. magnifying glass Co mpound Light Microscope - a system of two lens that work together. El ectron Microscopes - uses electrons to provide detailed views of specimens ex. TEM and SEM

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Types of Microscopes

Simple Microscope - contains only one lens.

ex. magnifying glass

Compound Light Microscope - a system of two lens that work together.

Electron Microscopes - uses electrons to provide detailed views of specimens

ex. TEM and SEM

Dissecting Microscope - allows for the viewing of specimens without the use of a slide.


Label the following parts of the Microscope

Ocular / Eyepiece

Bodytube

Revolving Nose Piece

Arm

Low Power Objective Lens

Medium Power Objective Lens

Stage

High Power Objective Lens

Stage Clips

Coarse Adjustment Knob

Diaphragm

Fine Adjustment Knob

Light Source

Base


Calculating Magnification

To calculate magnification in a compound light microscope you multiply the magnification power of the objective by the magnification power of the ocular.

Example:

Ocular = 10 x Objective = 4 x

Magnification = 10 x * 4 x

= 40 x

Calculate the magnification values in the following situations

1) Objective = 10 x Ocular = 10 x 100 x

2) Objective = 40 x Ocular = 10 x 400 x

3) Objective = 100 x Ocular = 10 x 1000 x



Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

- Capable of magnification of 2 000 000x

- specimens being observed must be dead. (Unable to examine a

living cell)

- Operates by having beams of electrons pass through a single layer

of cells and reflect to create the image.

- Used to observe internal structures. ex. nucleus



SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE (SEM)

- Capable of magnification up to 100 000x

- Specimens must be dead.

- Used to observe the external structures of a specimen. (Electrons are reflected off the surface of the specimen being observed.)



Field of View

·With our microscopes the diameter of the FV under low power is 4 mm

·FV is measured in micrometers or microns.

·1 mm = 1000 microns

·Therefore, our FV under low power is 4000 microns


Calculating Changes in the Field of View

- Each time magnification is increased the field

of view decreases.

- To determine the size of the new field of view:

1) Calculate the increase in magnification.

ex. from low power (4x) to high power (10x)

magnification increase = 10x/4x

magnification increase = 2.5 x

2) To calculate the amount the field of view

has decreased by divide the old field of

view size by the value of the increase in

magnification.

ex. 4000um/2.5x = 1600um


Microscope Calculations – Practice Questions

1. A microscope has an eyepiece lens with a power of 5X. The objective lens being used has a power of 10X.

Total magnification =

2. A microscope has an eyepiece lens with a power of 15X. The objective lens being used has a power of 40X

Total magnification =

3. Sue observes a clear plastic, millimeter ruler under low power of her microscope. She sees three divisions of the ruler. What would be the field diameter of Sue’s microscope on low power? (in micrometers ('µm')

4. Convert each of the following to micrometers (µm).

a) 3.5mm

b) 4.0mm

c) 1.5 cm

d) 0.5 cm

5. Calculate the field of view using the details in the table below.


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