Greek and Roman Influences 800 BC-400 AD. Classical Greek. Presents the universal ideal of beauty through logic, order, reason and moderation. Instructs and perfects humans. Used ritual worship to affirm the importance of the gods. Theatre: “a place for seeing”.
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Greek and Roman Influences
800 BC-400 AD
Who did the Greeks honor by performing dramatic works?
Picture: The Birth of Dionysus
Worshipped through the singing of hymns or dithrambs during festivals
Four Festivals were held throughout the year
City Dionysia was the most famous
Five days in length
His statue was moved to the worship site on the first day
10 city-states would present a hymn—each had a judge
The fifth day a winner would be announced.
Steps were taken to ensure city-states had an edge in competition
***Thespis: the first actor
The director would questions the chorus.
Acting took place.
They hired writers
Competition became very tough
***An Archon was hired
He selected only three plays as a result of time.
He would announce the winner.
Archon decided that each playwright had to write four plays.
Each poet would produce a trilogy and a satyr play.
The trilogy was a set of three plays performed for religious worship and they were tragedies.
The satyr was a short play performed for a lite, comic relief.
The winner would receive either a goat or grapes.
Greek word for goat is Tragos + ODE = tragedy
Greek word for grapes is
Comos + ODE = comedy
**Greek drama was not considered “entertainment”: a communal function to contribute to the good health of the community.
Picture: Oedipus with Guards
Plot: What happens in a play; the order of events; what happens rather than what it means.
Theme: What the play means opposed to what happens; the main idea.
Character: The personality of the part an actor represents in a play; a role played by an actor in a play.
Diction/Language: The word choices made by the playwright and the enunciation of the actors delivering the lines.
Music/Rhythm: Aristotle meant the sound, rhythm and melody of the speeches.
Spectacle: The visual elements of the production of a play; the scenery, costumes, and special effects in a production.
***Thespis was the first actor.