JEOPARDY – Great Lakes History. Test your knowledge of the history of the Great Lakes, its ports, and ships! Created by Laura Jacobs (2003) [email protected] [Image: map of Great Lakes: http://mbgnet.mobot.org/fresh/ lakes/space.htm ].
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Mataafa was not the first or last wreck of the November 27, 1905 storm. It was very dramatic, because it occurred in full view of the citizens of Duluth. Night fell before a rescue could be attempted, and nine men froze or were drowned during the night. The Great Lakes Maritime History Project has many pictures captured by photographer, Hugh McKenzie.
The Socrates dragged anchor during a November gale. Before she could get her engines fired up, she was on the beach. Fortunately, the bottom is sand. She became a major tourist attraction for over a week. It took 23 tugs to eventually pull her free. The Socrates still visits the Twin Ports under a different name.
[Image: Bentley, M. & Horstmeyer, S. (1998). WeatherWise 51 (6): 29+. Retrieved Nov. 5, 2003 from Academic Search Elite database].
The Eastland tragedy was extreme, and a clear conclusion explaining the accident was never reached. The passengers were all employees of Western Electric Co., along their families, out for a company picnic. 812 people drowned.
[Image: “Eastland:” Postcard, LSM Collection, UWS]
Whalebacks were built by Alexander McDougal and the American Steel Barge Co. Most were used for transporting goods, but one, the Christopher Columbus, also carried people. Only one Whaleback remains in existence.
[Image: LSM Collection, UWS]
During W.W. II, Manitowoc built many submarines for the war effort. Other ports, like Duluth and Superior, were also big contributors to Naval vessel construction.
[Image: “Manitowoc”: Postcard, LSM Collection, UWS]
The port of Kingston is located at the far Eastern end of the Great Lakes at the entrance to the St. Lawrence River. The capital was moved in the 1840’s partly as a result of the threat of invasion by the U.S. during the War of 1812.
[Image: http://www.hauntedhamilton.com/ kingston_secretgardenbandb.html]
Lake Superior was given this name because of the speed with which storms sweep across the lake, and because ships and people 'magically' disappear, never to be seen again. The lake can also be beguilingly beautiful, even at its most vicious.
[Image: www.whitehousemotel.com/ AUTUMN.htm ]
Commodore Perry met the British fleet led by the HMS Detroit near Put-In-Bay. His flag ship, Niagara, was shot out from under him. He rowed to another ship and continued the battle. The British surrendered after most of their officers were killed.
[Image: notecard, Brig Niagara. Duluth Shipping News]
In 1913 a massive storm swept down the Great Lakes. More than 13 vessels are known to have sunk -- or disappeared -- on Lake Huron alone.
[Image: Waterspouts over Lake Huron, Autumn 1999]