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Bhagavad-gétä. Chapter 12. Part 1: texts 1-7 overview of two paths For each Path: Goals—Process—Nature of the Path—Deliverance and Qualifications Part 2: texts 8-12 how the paths fix together How each path can lead to pure bhakti

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Bhagavad g t


Chapter 12

  • Part 1: texts 1-7 overview of two paths

    • For each Path: Goals—Process—Nature of the Path—Deliverance and Qualifications

  • Part 2: texts 8-12 how the paths fix together

    • How each path can lead to pure bhakti

  • Part 3: texts 13-20 the qualities of those who have reached at least the threshold of bhakti

    • The qualities of peace

Part 1

Part 1

texts 1-7


  • spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara

One goal two paths
One Goal: Two Paths

  • What is a better way to reach the goal of spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara?

  • To start with bhakti from the beginning, or to go through a step by step process that leads to bhakti?

Bhakti from the beginning


Bhakti from the beginning

Process text 2
Process (text 2)

  • mayyäveçyamano—mind fixed on Çyämasundara


  • çraddhayä—with faith; parayä—transcendental

  • faith above the modes


  • nitya-yuktäupäsate—always engage in worship of Çyämasundara


  • Whatever work one does, is done for Kåñëa

  • “The devotee does not desire any achievement other than pleasing the Supreme Personality of Godhead. His life's mission is to please Kåñëa”


  • Sometimes he chants, sometimes he hears or reads books about Kåñëa, or sometimes he cooks prasädam or goes to the marketplace to purchase something for Kåñëa, or sometimes he washes the temple or the dishes—whatever he does, he does not let a single moment pass without devoting his activities to Kåñëa. Such action is in full samädhi.

  • (purport Bg 12.2)

Nature of this path
Nature of this path

  • Easy and natural

  • example: Embodied souls can worship the Deity, perceivable with material senses (purport 12.5)

Deliverance and qualifications
Deliverance and Qualifications

  • Even though the devotees endure difficulty in withdrawing the senses from objects other than Kåñëa and in engaging in the various aìgasof bhakti, they do not experience the same suffering as the impersonalists because of the dazzling attraction of Kåñëa’s blissful form. (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

  • Kåñëa personally delivers the devotee.

  • “The Lord Himself takes him. The devotee does not need to wait to become very experienced in order to transfer himself to the spiritual sky.”

  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

No previous qualification needed
No previous qualification needed

  • Pure devotional service is so powerful, however, that one may at once take to it without acquiring the previous qualification of brahma-bhüta life. A sincere devotee who engages in the service of the Lord automatically becomes situated in the brahma-bhüta stage.

  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

Going up the yoga ladder


Going up the yoga ladder


  • Kåñëa says, they “at last achieve Me” (Text 4)

  • Which form of “Me”?

  • a form predominated by extreme majesty (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

  • impersonal Brahman (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

  • ÇréKåñëa, Väsudeva (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

Immediate goal is it self or brahman
Immediate goal: Is it self or Brahman?

  • Is Arjuna asking about those who meditate on the self, or those who meditate on Brahman?

  • (text 1)

  • Self

  • BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa

  • Rämänujäcärya

  • Brahman

  • ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura

  • ÇrélaPrabhupäda

Both self and brahman
Both self and Brahman

  • “perceive the Supersoul within the individual soul.”

  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda purport Bg 12.3-4)

  • Whether one starts at the self or starts at Brahman as the goal, one will realize the self and the Superself

Description of goal self or brahman
Description of Goal (self or Brahman)

  • Text 1 (Arjuna’s question)

  • akñaram—beyond the senses

  • avyaktam—the unmanifested

Description of the goal text 3 4 k a s answer
Description of the Goal Text 3-4 (Kåñëa’s answer)

  • akñaram—that which is beyond the perception of the senses

  • anirdeçyam—indefinite

  • avyaktam—unmanifested

  • sarvatra-gam—all—pervading

  • acintyam—inconceivable

  • küöa-stham—unchanging

  • acalam—immovable

  • dhruvam—fixed

Why would someone want to first realize the self rather than starting with bhakti
Why would someone want to first realize the self rather than starting with bhakti?

  • They think it is better to remove all obstacles first and then perform bhakti, rather than remove obstacles to bhakti by bhakti itself

  • Note: those on this path may not have bhakti as their goal from the beginning

  • Why first realize the self
    Why first realize the self? starting with

    • svānubhava-pūrvakasyahari-dhyānasyabandha-mūlatvāttenanirvighnā tat-prāptirity eke This means, “Some say that (ity eke), because meditation on Hari (hari-dhyānasya) is firmly grounded (bandha-mūlatvāt) when preceded by experience of one's own self (svānubhava-pūrvasya), attainment of Hari (tat-prāptiḥ) by means of that meditation (tena) is without obstacles (nirvighnā).” (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

    Why first realize the self1
    Why first realize the self? starting with

    • Self-realization [the brahma-bhüta [Bg 18.54 + SB 4.30.20] stage] is symptomized by joyfulness. One never laments for any loss, nor is one very enthusiastic when there is some gain. One sees everyone on an equal level through spiritual understanding. These qualities are preliminary to entering into pure devotional service.

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Process texts 3 4
    Process (texts 3-4) starting with

    • paryupäsate—worship

    • sanniyamyendriya-grämaà—control all the senses

    • sarvatrasama-buddhayaù—seeing everyone equally (no duality self/others)

    • sarva-bhüta-hiteratäù—working for the welfare of all living entities

    Nature of this path1
    Nature of this path starting with

    • To attain impersonal perfection is:

    • troublesome

    • difficult

    • theoretical at first

    • one can realize the eternal and knowledgeable aspects of the self, but not the blissful portion

    Nature of this path2
    Nature of this path starting with

    • difficult

    • How can one perceive the unmanifest through senses? So, one has to stop the senses, but that is like stopping a river (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    Nature of this path needs worship
    Nature of this path: Needs worship starting with

    • Furthermore, even that goal of impersonal Brahman which is attained by such suffering is attained only by having a mixture with bhakti. Without bhakti to the Lord, the worshippers of the impersonal Brahman obtain only suffering, and not Brahman.

    • Brahmä says: 

    • As a person who beats an empty husk of wheat cannot get grain, one who simply speculates cannot achieve self-realization. His only gain is trouble. SB 10.14.4 (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    Nature of this path3
    Nature of this path starting with

    • This unmanifested realization is against the nature of his spiritual blissful self (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Nature of this path4
    Nature of this path starting with

    • there is the danger of turning to atheism

    • the curse at Dakña’s sacrifice: “One who takes a vow to satisfy Lord Siva or who follows such principles will certainly become an atheist and be diverted from transcendental scriptural injunctions.”

    • (SB 4.2.28)

    Needs prior qualification
    Needs Prior Qualification starting with

    • Those who have been able to eradicate their sins by living according to the dictates of their social and spiritual order, and who have thus acquired sufficient piety, are qualified to practice karma-yoga. Gradually they progress to jïäna-yoga, and finally, in meditation, they realize the transcendental and supreme position of the Lord.

    • (Renunciation Through Wisdom)

    Deliverance bridge to bhakti
    Deliverance: Bridge to starting with Bhakti

    • After attaining impersonal perfection:

    • By the grace of some devotee, such a transcendentalist, highly learned in the process of jïäna-yoga, may come to the point of bhakti-yoga, or devotional service. At that time, long practice in impersonalism also becomes a source of trouble, because he cannot give up the idea. Therefore an embodied soul is always in difficulty with the unmanifest, both at the time of practice and at the time of realization. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Part 2

    Part 2 starting with

    texts 8-12

    The relationship between the two paths

    Going to starting with Kåñëa

    The relationship between the two paths

    Goal starting with

    • spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara

    Principle starting with

    • There are acceptable processes, good processes, better processes, and best processes to achieve the goal

    Principle starting with

    • Better to achieve success at a lower level than to fail at a higher level

    • What is “best” for an individual is what he or she can succeed at now

    • “the best path” versus “the best path for me now”

    What is the best process to reach the goal
    What is the Best Process to Reach the Goal? starting with

    • Have fixed mind and intelligence on Kåñëa

    • ädhatsva—fix

    • Concentrate your mind on starting with Kåñëa only, remember only Kåñëa(mayyevamanaädhatsva), that form of Çyämasundara, with yellow cloth and forest garland--and not the impersonal Brahman. And also, fix your intelligence, which has the power of discrimination, upon Kåñëa. This means to continually reflect on the statements of scripture using intelligence, which will result in meditation. Such contemplation is called manana. Thus, you will attain residence near Kåñëa. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    Who can follow this best process
    Who can follow this best process? starting with

    • The person who already has an attachment for Kåñëa. Symptoms:

    • Kåñëa and His internal potency dance on one’s tongue while chanting Hare Kåñëa

    • Kåñëa directly accepts food that’s offered

    • Devotee does not live on the material plane

    What do we call this best process
    What do we call this best process? starting with

    • The practice (sädhana) of following in the footsteps of rägatmikäbhakti is called rägänugäbhakti (BhaktivinodeÖhäkura)

    • (text 8)

    Step to r g nug bhakti abhy sa yoga
    Step to starting with Rägänugäbhakti: Abhyäsa-yoga

    • Practice to fix the mind in trance of samädhi

    • “From wherever the mind wanders due to its flickering and unsteady nature, one must certainly withdraw it and bring it back under the control of the Self.”

    • (Bg 6.26)

    The essence of abhy sa yoga
    the essence of starting with abhyäsa-yoga

    • Repeatedly withdrawing the mind when it goes here and there, and fixing the mind on Kåñëa is called abhyäsa. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    • (abhyäsaliterally means “repetition”)

    Abhy sa yoga is on the transcendent platform
    Abhyäsa starting with -yoga is on the transcendent platform

    • “Practice of devotional service in the material field is of eighty-one different qualities, and above such activities is the transcendental practice of devotional service, which is one and is called sädhana-bhakti”

    • (purport SB 1.7.10)

    Abhy sa yoga
    Abhyäsa starting with -yoga

    • Love of God is now in a dormant state in everyone's heart. The heart has to be purified of the material association, and that dormant, natural love for Kåñëa has to be revived. That is the whole process. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    How to do abhy sa yoga
    How to do starting with abhyäsa-yoga

    • Under the guidance of an expert spiritual master, follow certain principles: one should rise early in the morning, take bath, enter the temple and offer prayers and chant Hare Kåñëa, then collect flowers to offer to the Deity, cook foodstuffs to offer to the Deity, take prasädam, and so on. There are various rules and regulations which one should follow. And one should constantly hear Bhagavad-gétä and Çrémad-Bhägavatam from pure devotees. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    How to do abhy sa yoga1
    How to do starting with abhyäsa-yoga

    • While performing duties according to the order of ÇréKåñëa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one constantly remembers Him, His names and His qualities.

    • (SB 1.5.36)

    How to do abhy sa yoga2
    How to do starting with abhyäsa-yoga

    • The gross body should be engaged in acts of rendering service to the Lord (as in bringing water, cleansing the temple or making obeisances, etc.). The path of arcanä, or worshiping the Lord in the temple, involves engaging one's gross body in the service of the Lord. Similarly, the subtle mind should be engaged in hearing the transcendental pastimes of the Lord, thinking about them, chanting His name, etc. (purport SB 1.5.27)

    How to do abhy sa yoga3
    How to do starting with abhyäsa-yoga

    • “One need not bother about materials to keep body and soul together, because by the grace of the Lord everything is carried out automatically.”

    • (purport Bg 12.20)

    Abhy sa yoga1
    Abhyäsa starting with -yoga

    • What is the bridge from abhyäsa-yoga to rägänugäbhakti?

    • “In this way (by repetitive practice) develop a desire to attain Me (Kåñëa)”

    • icchä—desire

    Desire starting with

    • The materialistic world is called the darkest region of God's creation. Yet the unhappy materialists can get out of it simply by desiring to get out.”

    • (purport SB 1.2.3)

    Abhy sa yoga to r g nug bhakti
    Abhyäsa starting with -yoga to rägänugäbhakti

    Suppose one cannot practice abhy sa yoga
    Suppose one cannot practice starting with abhyäsa-yoga?

    • “As the mind is fickle like the wind, I do not have the power to restrain it.”

    • (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

    Direct path to abhy sa yoga
    Direct Path to starting with Abhyäsa-yoga

    Direct path to s dhana bhakti abhy sa yoga a gas of bhakti
    Direct Path to starting with sädhana-bhakti (abhyäsa-yoga): aìgas of bhakti

    • “Doing services (karmäëikurvan) such as hearing and singing about Me, bowing to Me, worshiping Me, sweeping and washing My temple, picking flowers, even without remembrance of Me as previously described, you will attain perfection (siddhim), characterized by being one of My associates in prema.” These are external activities of bhakti. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura, text 10)

    Mood and goal a gas of bhakti
    Mood and Goal: starting with aìgas of bhakti

    • Conviction that the association of Kåñëa in His supreme abode GolokaVåndävana is the highest perfection of life.

    • no attraction for:

    • higher planets such as the moon or sun or heaven

    • highest planet of this universe, Brahmaloka

    • merging into the glowing brahma-jyotir effulgence

    Bridge to abhy sa yoga
    Bridge to starting with Abhyäsa-yoga

    • What is the bridge from doing the aìgas of bhakti mostly externally to abhyäsa-yoga?

    • All the qualifications of peace (12.13-20) enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord

    • çäntiù—peace

    Side note how does the person on the bhakti path achieve peace
    Side note: How does the person on starting with the bhakti path achieve peace?

    • A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.

    • (Bg 5.29)

    Kart mi y the boss
    Kartämi-çäyé starting with "the boss"

    Kart mi y the boss1
    Kartämi-çäyé starting with , "the boss"

    • yadatrakriyate karma

    • bhagavat-paritoñaëam

    • jïänaàyat tad adhénaà hi

    • bhakti-yoga-samanvitam

    • Whatever work is done here in this life for the satisfaction of the mission of the Lord is called bhakti-yoga, or transcendental loving service to the Lord.

    • (SB 1.5.35)

    Kart mi y the boss2
    Kartämi-çäyé starting with , "the boss"

    • In every sphere of life the Lord should be situated as the proprietor…even in our ordinary dealings (for example, in our household affairs or in our business or profession)

    • (purport SB 1.5.36)

    Kart mi y the boss3
    Kartämi-çäyé starting with , "the boss"

    • “One should not be attached to the result of his work, but the result should be offered to Kåñëa, and one should accept as prasädam the remnants of offerings to Kåñëa.”

    • (purport 11.55, referred to in the purport of 12.10)

    Summary of direct path
    Summary of direct path starting with

    Two paths to abhy sa yoga
    Two Paths to starting with Abhyäsa-yoga

    Indirect path to s dhana bhakti abhy sa yoga yoga ladder purport bg 12 12
    Indirect Path to starting with sädhana-bhakti (abhyäsa-yoga): yoga ladder (purport Bg 12.12)

    pious work for heaven on earth or after death (varëäçrama)

    Overview of indirect path
    Overview of Indirect Path starting with

    • Live according to the dictates of one’s social and spiritual order, and acquire sufficient piety to qualify to

    • practice karma-yoga

    • Progress to jïäna-yoga

    • Finally, in meditation (dhyäna-yoga), realize the transcendental and supreme position of the Lord

    • See in the heart the eternal, transcendental, two-handed form of the Supreme Lord, known as Çyämasundara, playing His flute

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Preliminary qualification
    Preliminary Qualification starting with

    • Live according to the dictates of one’s social and spiritual order, to acquire sufficient piety.

    • varëäçrama-dharma

    • (Renunciation Through Wisdom)

    Step one on the yoga ladder
    Step one on the yoga ladder starting with

    • karma-yoga: work detached from the fruit of work (heaven on earth or heaven): work for purification only—detached varëäçrama duties

    • sarva-karma-phala-tyägaà (verse 11)

    • karma-phala-tyägas (verse 12)

    Step one on the yoga ladder process
    Step one on the yoga ladder: process starting with

    • mad-yogamäçritaù –

    • taking refuge in My method which gives protection

    • taking shelter of the process of offering all your actions to Me

    • yatätmavän—with controlled mind

    Step two on the yoga ladder
    Step Two on the Yoga Ladder starting with

    • “Study the Upaniñads and gain brahmajïäna, impersonal realization of the Absolute Truth, and then he advances still further, to säìkhya-yoga, in order to understand the supreme controller, who is indicated in Bhagavad-gétä 10.12: paraàbrahmaparaàdhämapavitraàparamaàbhavän/puruñaàçäçvatam” (purport SB 10.8.45)

    note starting with

    • The purpose of säìkhya and karma-yoga are the same (BG 5.4) and therefore it is not always necessary for a person to start with karma-yoga after varëäçrama-dharma, even on the indirect path. One can go from varëäçrama-dharma directly to jïäna-yoga

    How does karma yoga and or j na yoga prepare one for dhy n yoga
    How does karma-yoga and/or starting with jïäna-yoga prepare one for dhyänä-yoga?

    • “Charity, prescribed duties, observing major and minor regulative principles, hearing from scripture, performing pious works, and observing purifying vows all finally aim at subduing the mind. Indeed, concentration of the mind on the Supreme is the highest yoga.”

    • (SB 11.23.45 quoted in purport 2.3.147)

    What is the bridge from karma yoga to j na yoga and or dhy n yoga
    What is the bridge from karma-yoga to starting with jïäna-yoga and/or dhyänä-yoga?

    • tyägäcchäntiranantaram (12.12)

    • Through detached work with the goal of purification rather than heaven, attain peace.

    Result of karma yoga
    Result of karma-yoga starting with

    • Peace—foundation for abhyäsa-yoga

    • çäntiù—peace; anantaram—thereafter

    Peace starting with

    • Tyāgācchāntiranantaram (gita 12.12) the result of letting go of our attachments is peace (literally: what comes at the end of renunciation is peace). Freedom is the result of detachment, gained through working for purification instead of heaven.

    Peace starting with

    • A person who is not disturbed by the incessant flow of desires—that enter like rivers into the ocean, which is ever being filled but is always still—can alone achieve peace, and not the man who strives to satisfy such desires.

    • (Bg 2.70)

    Peace starting with

    • aśāntasyakutaḥsukham (Gita 2.66) "how can there be any happiness without peace?”

    Step three on the yoga ladder
    Step Three on the Yoga Ladder starting with

    • When one understands that puruña, the supreme controller, to be Paramätmä, one is engaged in the method of yoga (dhyänävasthita-tad-gatenamanasäpaçyantiyaàyoginaù [SB 12.13.1]). (purport SB 10.8.45)

    • What is the bridge from karma-yoga, starting with

    • jïäna-yoga, or dhyänä-yoga to

    • abhyäsa-yoga of bhakti?

    • “By the grace of some devotee”

    • (purport 12.5)

    • faith arising from grace

    • (such persons also have peace from their yoga practice)

    rägänugä starting with bhakti

    (or vaidhé with bhava)


    or Paramätmä,

    Yoga ladder




    • abhyäsa-yoga








    yogi famliy, svarga, planets of prajäpatis, or åñis



    • aìgas of bhakti

    Gita 7.28



    Gita 4.36


    or svarga

    ugra karma


    lower planets or species

    rägänugä starting with bhakti

    (or vaidhé with bhava)

    (can include varëäçrama to set an example)

    brähmaëas, usually renunciants

    Yoga ladder + varëäçrama





    brähmaëas, often renunciants







    gåhasthas of all varëas for purification



    aìgasof bhaktican include optional varëäçrama as subsidiary spiritual function (gauëa-dharma)

    Gita 7.28

    gåhasthas of all varëas for enjoyment



    Gita 4.36

    perverted varëäçrama or below varëäçrama

    ugra karma


    Two paths to abhy sa yoga1
    Two Paths to starting with Abhyäsa-yoga

    Side note there are also mixtures
    Side note: There are also mixtures starting with

    • By karma-miçra-bhakti one is elevated to the celestial kingdom, by jïäna-miçra-bhakti one is able to merge in the Brahman effulgence, and by yoga-miçra-bhakti one is able to realize the omnipotency of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But pure bhakti does not depend on karma, jïäna or yoga, for it simply consists of loving affairs.

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda’s purport SB 10.10.20-22)

    The long road
    The Long Road starting with

    • From the beginning of karma-yoga to the end of bhakti-yoga is a long way to self-realization. Karma-yoga, without fruitive results, is the beginning of this path. When karma-yoga increases in knowledge and renunciation, the stage is called jïäna-yoga. When jïäna-yoga increases in meditation on the Supersoul by different physical processes, and the mind is on Him, it is called añöäìga-yoga. And when one surpasses the añöäìga-yoga and comes to the point of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Kåñëa, it is called bhakti yoga, the culmination. (purport Bg 6.47)

    The elevator lift
    The Elevator/Lift starting with

    • Why walk up all these steps if we have a chance to take an elevator? By means of an elevator, we can reach the top in a matter of seconds. Bhakti-yoga is this elevator, the direct process by which we can reach the top in a matter of seconds. We can go step by step, following all the other yoga systems, or we can go directly. (Path of Perfection 8)

    Part 3

    Part 3 starting with

    texts 13-20

    Qualities of the bhakta who has attained peace
    Qualities of the starting with bhakta who has attained peace

    Relation of these qualities to the path
    Relation of these qualities starting with to the path

    • The peace achieved by:

    • performing the external limbs of bhakti

    • OR

    • karma-yoga jïäna-yoga dhyäna-yoga realization of self and God

    • gives rise to qualities which enable abhyäsa-bhakti yoga of controlling the mind, the bridge to rägänugäbhakti

    Relation of these qualities to the path1
    Relation of these qualities to the path starting with

    • “All these qualifications enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord. Such a standard of devotional service is undoubtedly very rare, but a devotee becomes situated in that stage by following the regulative principles of devotional service.” (purport Bg 12. 13-14)

    Bridge to abhy sa yoga1
    Bridge to starting with Abhyäsa-yoga

    • What is the bridge from doing the aìgas of bhakti mostly externally to abhyäsa-yoga?

    • All the qualifications of peace (12.13-20) enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord

    • çäntiù—peace

    Relation of peace to qualities
    Relation of peace to qualities starting with

    • satatam—always (text 14)

    • A person in peace has no fear and full courage

    • So there is no limit or “tipping point” when the qualities are abandoned

    Relation of peace to qualities1
    Relation of peace to qualities starting with

    • The general quality of peace can be explained as specific internal qualities and external behaviors described in texts 13-20

    • What is the description of the devotee who has attained such peace? In response to this question, the different natures of many types of devotees are described in eight verses. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    Relation qualities and bhakti
    Relation: Qualities and starting with Bhakti

    • Good qualities come automatically by bhakti

    • A bhakta works to develop good qualities as part of his or her bhakti

    Comparison to vegetarianism
    Comparison to Vegetarianism starting with

    • A devotee of Kåñëa is automatically a vegetarian

    • A devotee takes time and care to make sure all ingredients are vegetarian as part of his or her practice of bhakti

    Qualities one by one
    qualities, one by one starting with

    Determined undistracted
    Determined--undistracted starting with

    • Kåñëa is the supreme goal of life

    • serving Kåñëa with determination

    • self-controlled

    • expert

    • pure

    • not looking for a material result

    • without cares

    • mind and intelligence on Kåñëa

    With other people
    With other people starting with

    Love one s enemies
    Love One’s Enemies starting with

    • Adveñöa means that a person does not have hatred even for those who hate oneself. Rather one has friendliness towards them (maitraù). One is merciful to them, thinking that they should not end up in unfortunate circumstances (karuëaù).

    • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    Love one s enemies1
    Love One’s Enemies starting with

    • "This person is acting as my enemy due to my own past misdeeds. So it is better to suffer than to protest” (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Family relations
    Family relations starting with

    • non-possessiveness of children and wife (nirmamaù), by not thinking of the body as the self (nirahaìkäraù) (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    • My friends, wife, sons and daughters are now Your servants and maidservants. Whatever care I take for them is only as they are related to You. (Bhaktivinoda)

    He by whom no one is put into difficulty
    He by whom no one is put into difficulty starting with

    • No one is put into difficulty, anxiety, fearfulness or dissatisfaction by such a devotee. Since a devotee is kind to everyone, he does not act in such a way as to put others into anxiety.

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Who is not disturbed by anyone
    who is not disturbed by anyone starting with

    • If others try to put a devotee into anxiety, he is not disturbed… because a devotee is always engrossed in Kåñëa consciousness and engaged in devotional service, such material circumstances cannot move him. Generally when a materialistic person is expecting some retaliation from an enemy, he is in a state of fear

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    Avoids joining factions
    Avoids joining factions starting with

    • A devotee never takes the part of a particular party; therefore he is carefree. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

    • neutral (udäsénaù), not taking sides (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

    Detachment starting with

    K a is the owner and doer
    Kåñëa starting with is the owner and doer

    • does not think himself a proprietor

    • devoid of the illusions arising from possessing a house (aniketaù) (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

    • free from false ego

    • The spirit soul bewildered by the influence of false ego thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by the three modes of material nature. (Bg 3.27)

    Everything k a does is good
    Everything starting with Kåñëa does is good

    • tolerant, always satisfied

    • happy and satisfied with whatever comes by the grace of the Supreme Lord

    • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)

      • food

      • money

      • residence

    Above duality
    Above Duality starting with

    Unaffected by
    Unaffected by starting with

    • happiness—distress—fear—anxiety

    • auspicious—inauspicious

    • joy—grief

    • desire—lamentation

    • honor—dishonor

    • fame—infamy

    • heat—cold

    • bodily pain—pleasure

    Equiposed starting with

    • He does not rejoice at gaining dear things. He does not show hatred on attaining what is disagreeable. He does not lament on the destruction of what is dear to him. He does not hanker for what he does not have. He has given up both pious actions and sinful actions because they are both causes of bondage. (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

    Higher taste
    Higher Taste starting with

    • O my dear mind, please do not perform the religious activities described in the Vedas, or the sinful activities also designated in the scriptures. … O mind, engage yourself fully in serving Çré- ÇréRädhä and Kåñëa with love and devotion. (RaghunäthadäsaGosvämé)

    Dharm m tam 12 20

    of the starting with nectarean path endowed with good qualities


    • the nectar of these qualities

    • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)


    The basis of his pleasure
    The basis of His pleasure starting with

    • Since these qualities arise from sense control (çänti, mentioned in verse 12), which in turn arises from bhakti, they are thus not material qualities. bhaktyätuñyatikåñëoëaguëaiù: Kåñëa is pleased by bhakti, not by good material qualities. (Padyävalé 8)

    • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

    • Kåñëa starting with is controlled by the persons devoted to Him alone, and by the persons devoted solely to the process of bhakti dedicated to Him. The most beautiful Kåñëa is conquered completely by love.

    • (Baladeva

    • Vidyäbhüñaëa)