children s poverty and morbidity override aids related orphanhood in predicting stigma and bullying
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Pantelic, M., Langhaug, L., Moonga F.,Wespi, K., Ammann, P., and Gschwend, A.

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Pantelic, M., Langhaug, L., Moonga F.,Wespi, K., Ammann, P., and Gschwend, A. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on

Children\'s poverty and morbidity override AIDS-related orphanhood in predicting stigma and bullying. Pantelic, M., Langhaug, L., Moonga F.,Wespi, K., Ammann, P., and Gschwend, A. background. UNICEF 2012 55,100 orphans in sub-Saharan Africa 15,000 HIV/AIDS-related orphans.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Pantelic, M., Langhaug, L., Moonga F.,Wespi, K., Ammann, P., and Gschwend, A. ' - fausta


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
children s poverty and morbidity override aids related orphanhood in predicting stigma and bullying

Children\'s poverty and morbidity override AIDS-related orphanhood in predicting stigma and bullying

Pantelic, M., Langhaug, L., Moonga F.,Wespi, K., Ammann, P., and Gschwend, A.

background
background

UNICEF 2012

  • 55,100 orphans in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 15,000 HIV/AIDS-related orphans
repercussions of stigmatization and bullying
REPeRCUSSIONSOF stigmatization and bullying

Boyes & Cluver 2013, Boyes et al. 2014, Geel et al. 2014

research rationale
Research rationale
  • Little known about what factors stigmatize orphans
    • Existing research identifies AIDS-related orphanhood as a key stigmatizing marker (Boyes & Cluver 2013)
    • Limited programmatic implications
    • Other markers?
  • Interventions should be sensitive to the needs of orphans
research question
Research question
  • How are 3 stigma markers associated with perceived stigma and bullying victimization in Zambian orphans?

Poverty

Morbidity

AIDS-related orphanhood

method
METHOD
  • Cross-sectional survey (n=957)
    • Swiss Academy for Development
  • Total population sampling of orphaned adolescents (n=484)
    • ChildFund Zambia registers
  • 5 communities in Kafue District, Zambia
  • Ethics approval obtained from University of Zambia
  • Same-sex face-to-face interviews
measures
measures
  • Stigma: brief Stigma-by-Association scale (Boyes et al. 2012)
  • Bullying victimization: adapted Multidimensional Peer-Victimization Scale (Mynard & Joseph 2000)
  • Food insecurity: # of days without food in the past week (Makame et al. 2002, Cluver et al. 2009)
  • Physical health: past month frequency of somatic complaints
  • AIDS-related orphanhood: verbal autopsy (WHO 2005)
descriptive results orphan sample
Descriptive results (orphan sample)
  • 15 % lost parent due to HIV/AIDS
  • 25 % reported hunger for 2+ days in past wk
  • 56 % reported 3+ somatic complaints in past mo
  • 72 % reported any perceived stigma
  • 89 % reported any bullying victimization
results1
RESULTS
  • Together, poor health and food insecurity accounted for:
    • 10.3 % (R2 change=.103) of the variation in perceived stigma
    • 9.1 % (R2 change = .091) of the variation in bullying victimization
results2
results

Orphan stigma and bullying scores by food insecurity and health

summary implications
SUMMARY & IMPLICATIONS
  • AIDS-related orphanhood NOTassociated with stigma or bullying victimization in our sample
  • Extreme poverty and morbidity were associated with stigma and bullying of orphans.
  • Potential for:
    • Poverty alleviation and health promotion programs
    • Whole-school approaches (Vreeman and Carroll 2007)
summary implications1
SUMMARY & IMPLICATIONS

Encouraging note:

We might not be able to change parental cause of death, but we can affect child poverty and health.

post hoc confirmatory analysis
Post hoc confirmatory analysis
  • Do orphan poverty and ill health mediate a link between AIDS-related orphanhood and stigma and bullying?
  • Univariate regressions to check whether AIDS-related orphanhood predicts stigma and/or bullying independently of orphan poverty and orphan health
  • Again, no associations between AIDS-related orphanhood and the two outcomes were found
  • No mediation pathway
determining parental cause of death
DETERMINING PARENTAL CAUSE OF DEATH
  • InterVA software, probabilistic epidemiological model
  • Standard WHO model
ad