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Egyptian Civilization. By Elliot Dederich. NILE RIVER. Begins in the heart of Africa and courses northward for more than 4,000 miles. It’s the longest river in the world. Lower Egypt. The spilt forms a triangular territory called a delta. The Nile Delta is called Lower Egypt.

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egyptian civilization
Egyptian Civilization

By Elliot Dederich

nile river

NILE RIVER

Begins in the heart of Africa and courses northward for more than 4,000 miles. It’s the longest river in the world.

lower egypt
Lower Egypt

The spilt forms a triangular territory called a delta. The Nile Delta is called Lower Egypt.

upper egypt
Upper Egypt

The land upstream, to the south is called Upper Egypt.

menes
Menes

Egypt’s history begins around 3100 B.C. when King Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom and created the first royal dynasty.

dynasty
Dynasty

A dynasty is a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family.

pharaoh
Pharaoh

Among the various titles of Egyptian monarchs, that of pharaoh – originally meaning “great house” or “palace” – eventually became the most common.

bureaucracy
Bureaucracy

An administrative organization that relies on nonelective officials and regular produces.

vizier
Vizier

A high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslim Countries.

mummification
Mummification

A Process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from decaying.

slide11
Giza

The largest and most magnificent of all the pyramids was built under King Khufu. The Great Pyramid of King Khufu covers 13 Acres.

hyksos
Hyksos

A group from western Asia known as the Hyksos.

halshepsut
Halshepsut

One of the first women to become a pharaoh. Built a great temple at Deir el-Bahri, near Thebes.

akhenaten
Akhenaten

The pharaoh Amenhotep IV introduced the worship of Aten, god of the sun disk, as the sole god. Amenhotep changed his named to Akhenaten.

tutankhamen
Tutankhamen

Akhenaten’s changes were soon undone after his death by the boy-pharaoh Tutankhamen, who restored the old gods.

ramses ii
Ramses II

He reigned from c. 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C., the Egyptians went back on the offensive.

cleopatra vii
Cleopatra VII

In first century B.C., the pharaoh Cleopatra VII tried to reestablish Egypt’s independence.

hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics

A Picture or symbol used in a hieroglyphic system of writing.

hieratic script
Hieratic Script

Simplified version of hieroglyphics used in ancient Egypt for business transactions, record keeping, and the general needs of daily life.

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