Algeria

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Background of France and Algeria. Algeria first became a colony of France in 1830. After a disastrous war which ended in Algeria's independence in 1962, eight million Algerian residents were deprived of French nationality and hundreds of thousands of 'pieds noir' (French who settled in Algeria and were re-patriated at the end of the war) were forced home to a place which was not home. President Bouteflika's latest outburst has further strained Algerian-French relations which have been tense si30300

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Algeria

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1. Algeria

2. Background of France and Algeria Algeria first became a colony of France in 1830. After a disastrous war which ended in Algeria's independence in 1962, eight million Algerian residents were deprived of French nationality and hundreds of thousands of 'pieds noir' (French who settled in Algeria and were re-patriated at the end of the war) were forced home to a place which was not home. President Bouteflika's latest outburst has further strained Algerian-French relations which have been tense since France passed a law last year requiring textbooks to show the 'positive role' that the Republique played in its former colonies. The law was an embarassment for French president Jacques Chirac who said in January that it should be revamped.

3. Genocide In Algeria April 2006, Jan SOYKOK (JTW) - Algeria's president Abdelaziz Bouteflika has said that French colonization of his country Algeria was a form of genocide. In memoirs, some French officers have described torture of Algerians during the war, however France has never accepted its responsibility in tortures and massacres in Algeria. Paris says that the past should be left to historians. More than 1,5 million Algerians were massacred under the French rule Algeria in 2005 called on France to apologize for crimes committed during the colonial era. Bouteflika also urged Paris to admit its part in the massacres of 45,000 Algerians who took to the streets to demand independence as Europe celebrated victory over Nazi Germany in 1945. French authorities then responded by playing down the comments, urging "mutual respect". The 1954-1962 war of independence cost the lives of 1.5 million Algerians, according to the Algiers government.

5. 1982, President Chadli Benjedid makes first official visit to France. 1992 - Algerian civil strife erupts after cancellation of elections. In 1993, Armed Islamic Group (GIA) fundamentalist rebels order foreigners to leave Algeria or die. December 1994 - GIA rebels hijack an Air France Airbus from Algiers to Marseille, kill three passengers before being shot dead by French police. Air France suspends flights to Algeria. 1995 - GIA rebels, accusing Paris of backing Algeria's rulers, kill 12 in a bomb campaign in France. Talks between presidents Jacques Chirac and Lamine Zeroual are cancelled. March 2003 - Chirac, in the first state visit by a French president since 1962, enjoys a warm welcome, saying a troubled past should now give way to reconciliation. June 2003 - Air France flies its first passenger airliner to Algeria in nine years. July 2006 - Bouteflika says in a speech that France's rule of the north African country was one of the "most barbaric forms of colonization in history". July 2007 - Newly elected French President Nicholas Sarkozy defends his refusal to apologize for colonial misdeeds saying leaders should focus on the future and not "beat their breasts" about the past. Nov 2007 - War veterans' leader Mohamed Said Abadou calls on Paris to apologize for colonial past.

6. Recent Events

7. Recent Events April 10, 2007 - Three suicide bombers detonate their explosive belts, killing themselves and at least one police officer and wounding more than 20 people in a police raid on a safe house in Casablanca, during which a fourth man is shot dead. April 11, 2007 - Bombs kill 33 people in Algiers in attacks claimed by al-Qaeda. July 11, 2007 - A suicide bomber detonates an explosives-laden vehicle near a military barracks, killing himself and about eight other people in the restive Kabylie region east of Algiers. Al-Qaeda's north Africa wing claims responsibility. September 6, 2007 - A suicide bomb attack before a scheduled visit by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika kills 20 people and wounds 107 in Batna, 430km southeast of Algiers. September 8, 2007 - A car bomb kills 37 people at a coast guard barracks in the port of Dellys, 100km east of Algiers. Al-Qaeda's North Africa wing later claims responsibility for the attacks in Batna and Dellys. October 7, 2007 - Hareg Zoheir, also known as Sofiane Abu Fasila, said to be second-in-command of al-Qaeda's North African wing and suspected of planning most of the recent suicide bombings in Algeria, is killed. December 11, 2007 - Two blasts kill 20 people in Algiers; one kills 15 people near the Constitutional Court building and the other kills five near the UN offices and a police station in the smart Hydra district.

8. Work Cited http://mwcnews.net/content/view/18674/57/ www.Maps.com http://uk.news.yahoo.com/rtrs/20071129/tpl-uk-france-algeria-history-43a8d4f_1.htm http://www.turkishweekly.net/news.php?id=30263 http://www.theodora.com/flags/algeria_flag.html www.cia.gov

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