Promoting clean vehicles in a sustainable south bay
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Promoting Clean Vehicles in a Sustainable South Bay. The Local Use Vehicle Demonstration Program June 2011. Problem. Criteria Pollutants Green House Gas emissions Rising oil prices Existing SB 375 strategies do not suit South Bay conditions because it is mature, dense & transit poor

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Promoting Clean Vehicles in a Sustainable South Bay

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Promoting clean vehicles in a sustainable south bay

Promoting Clean Vehicles in a Sustainable South Bay

The Local Use Vehicle Demonstration Program

June 2011



Criteria Pollutants

Green House Gas emissions

Rising oil prices

Existing SB 375 strategies do not suit South Bay conditions because it is mature, dense & transit poor

Lacking consumer awareness of Clean Vehicle options

Solution sustainable south bay

Solution: Sustainable South Bay

Sustainable South Bay Strategy

  • An alternative SB 375 mobility and land use strategy

    • Formally adopted by the SBCCOG Board of Directors

    • Addresses:

      • land use options that promote local trips

      • transportation options that fit the demand for local trips

  • Based on five years of research

    • Aside from the commute trip – virtually all trips are under 3 miles

    • These conditions are ideal for locally oriented zero-emission vehicles

Ssbs mobility component the luv program

SSBS Mobility Component:The LUV Program

  • The LUV Demonstration Program is testing electric

    Local Use Vehicles (LUVs)

    • 7 small, short range & low speed cars for taking ‘local’ trips

    • Driven by local residents for 3-6 months at a time

    • Demonstrating use on local streets

      • Previously only in closed campuses

  • Designed to:

    • Help overcome consumer resistance to unfamiliar technologies

    • Inform public policy makers about the practical barriers to wide spread adoption of Local Use Vehicles

  • Milestones


    • Contract with AQMD approved July 2009

    • Implementation planning July 2009 - 2010

    • LUV vehicles placed in May 2010

    • Research includes 18 month active vehicle use

      • Twelve months have been completed

      • Analysis do date suggests:

        • Successful consumer acceptance

        • Higher than expected emission reductions

    Gem e4

    GEM e4

    Vantage crewcab

    Vantage CrewCab

    Gem e41

    GEM e4

    Wheego whip

    Wheego Whip

    Matching vehicle types to trip types

    Matching Vehicle Types to Trip Types

    Promoting clean vehicles in a sustainable south bay

    Proving Consumer Acceptance

    • Early Adopters

    • Focus Groups

    • Vehicle Waiting List

    • Surveys

    • Social Media

    Consumer acceptance

    Consumer Acceptance

    • Enthusiastic participants

    • Their original gas guzzlers sit unused

      • Sometimes so long they have to get a jump start when they try to use their old cars

    • Several of our drivers are interested in purchasing a LUV to replace one of their vehicles

    • Travel time is not an issue for local trips

    Promoting clean vehicles in a sustainable south bay


    • Collection Methods

      • GPS vehicle tracking

      • Drivers Logs

    • Continual Data Enhancements

      • Handheld GPS data loggers

      • Energy Use Monitors

    Monthly vmt

    Monthly VMT

    Round trip analysis

    Round Trip Analysis

    Local driving patterns

    Local Driving Patterns

    Use profiles

    Use Profiles

    • GPS data is translated into detailed vehicle use profiles.

    • Use profiles include

      • Monthly VMT

      • Distances traveled per trip

      • Travel time

      • Destinations frequented by drivers

    • Data allows GHG and Criteria Pollutant reduction calculations



    The GPS data provide detailed feedback on the viability of existing street networks for Local Use Vehicles

    Through GPS route mapping the SBCCOG is able to identify preferred low speed vehicle routes and make recommendations for infrastructure improvements where there are gaps in low speed accessibility



    Documents local travel patterns

    Profiles high performing multi-functional neighborhood centers

    Clustering destinations supports redevelopment and VMT reduction strategies

    Benefits emission reduction

    Benefits: Emission Reduction

    Benefits future emission reductions

    Benefits: Future Emission Reductions

    • Demonstrates potential emissions reductions from LUVs

      • Such as replacing 60% of the 243,800 second and third vehicles per household in the South Bay with LUVs

    I mpact


    • GHG emissions per household ranged from

      • 13% low use

      • 50% high use

    • VMT reductions per household ranged from

      • 15% low use

      • 60% high use

    Reductions from 150 000 luvs

    Reductions from 150,000 LUVs

    Benefits multiple uses of data

    Benefits: Multiple Uses of Data

    • This pilot is a proof of concept that is replicable throughout LA County’s mature suburban regions for areas looking for low cost

      • VMT reduction strategies

      • Economic revitalization strategies

      • Congestion relief strategies

    • Unintended consequence of our data collection

      • Valuable data for utility companies and cities looking for guidance regarding optimized placement of electric vehicle charging stations

        • Based on our detailed suburban electric vehicle travel pattern studies

      • Southern California Edison has already approached the SBCCOG to collaborate on charging station placement plans for the LA area

    Benefit infrastructure guidance

    Benefit: Infrastructure Guidance

    • Provides critical information for local infrastructure for clean vehicles including

      • Bicycles

      • Neighborhood Electric Vehicles

      • Emerging clean vehicle technologies

    Environmental benefits

    Environmental Benefits

    • LUV analysis has resulted in a proof of concept for the

      Sustainable South Bay Strategy

      • Low speed affordable electric vehicles could substantially reduce emissions from personal vehicles at low public cost

      • In contrast, implementation of existing SB 375 emission reduction methods would provide VMT reductions of less that 8%

    • The LUV demonstration program has provided data to South Bay cities that will assist them with

      • Local land use strategies to further reduce VMT by clustering destinations to keep trips short and local

    Benefits future programs

    Benefits: Future Programs

    • With this demonstration of the value of Local Use Vehicles the SBCCOG has set the stage for future programs

      • Targeting the replacement of 60% of the 243,800 second and third vehicles in the South Bay with alt fuel vehicles

      • Encouraging households to start transitioning to clean passenger vehicles

    Next step

    Next Step

    • Promoting conversion to clean vehicles in the South Bay

      • Exploring virtual auto malls

      • Testing and documenting consumer acceptance for emerging types of clean vehicles

      • Adding clean vehicle info to the comprehensive outreach ongoing at the SBESC

      • Participating in developing plans for the proper placement of infrastructure in the South Bay to support clean fuel vehicles of all types

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