Stress
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Stress PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Stress. 1.Stress is defined as initiator power. 2.The IPA diacritic for stress is a short vertical line[‘] placed before the symbol for the stressed sound or syllable. Characteristics of a stressed syllable. 1.Stressed syllables are prominent.This is due to 4 factors:

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Stress

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Stress

Stress

1.Stress is defined as initiator power.

2.The IPA diacritic for stress is a short vertical line[‘] placed before the symbol for the stressed sound or syllable.


Characteristics of a stressed syllable

Characteristics of a stressed syllable

  • 1.Stressed syllables are prominent.This is due to 4 factors:

  • a)loudness b)length c)pitch d)quality

  • How to decide on stress placement?

  • -whether it is a simple or complex word

  • -which grammatical category it belongs to

  • -number of syllables the word has

  • -the phonological structure of the word


Placement of stress

Placement of stress

  • Single syllable words are said with primary stress.

  • Two syllable words-either the first or the second syllable will be stressed not both.

  • Verbs-if the second syllable is strong,then the second syllable is stressed.eg.a’pply,a’rrive,’attract,etc

  • If the final syllable is weak,then the first syllable is stressed,eg.’enter,’open,etc


Placement of stress1

Placement of Stress

  • Nouns-if the second syllable contains a short vowel,then the stress will usually come on the first syllable,eg.’money,’product,’balloon,etc

  • Other 2 syllable words such as adverbs and prepositions behave like verbs and adjectives.


Complex words

Complex Words

  • Complex words are of 2 types:

  • -words with an affix

  • -compound words

  • Stress on Affixes:

  • -receive the primary stress,eg.’semicircle,’person,etc

  • -the word stressed is as the affix was not there,eg.’unpleasant,etc

  • -stress remains on the stem,not the affix,but to a different syllable,eg.mag’netic.


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