European trade union movement
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European Trade Union Movement. European Trade Union Confederation Funded in 1973 General Secretary – John Monks Institute with departments for Research, Education, Occupational Health and Safety 11 Industry federations. European Federation of Building and Woodworkers.

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European trade union movement

European Trade Union Movement

  • European Trade Union Confederation

    • Funded in 1973

    • General Secretary – John Monks

    • Institute with departments for Research, Education, Occupational Health and Safety

  • 11 Industry federations


European federation of building and woodworkers

European Federation of Building and Woodworkers

  • Has currently 61 affiliates in 24 countries throughout Europe

  • Represents about 2.3 mio members

General Assembly

Executive

Committee

Standing Committee

Construction

Standing

Committee Wood

Health- and Safety

Co-ordination Group


European social dialogue

European Social Dialogue

  • Intersectoral:ETUC and UNICE

  • Sectoral:

  • Construction

  • EFBWW and FIEC

  • Woodworking sectors

  • EFBWW and CEI-Bois

  • EFBWW and UEA

  • EFBWW and EFIC (?)


Occupational safety and health in europe

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

A succesful story

Nowadays under pressure

An important field for the European trade union mevement


Occupational safety and health in europe1

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

Four areas of freedom:

Free trade of goods

Free movement of capital

Free trade of services

Free movement of workers

Today social policy is an integrial part of the treaty


Occupational safety and health in europe2

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

  • Dangerous Substances (i.e. 80/1107/EWG)

  • European Framework Directive from 1989

  • Single directives refering to articel 16 of the framework directive

Occupational Health and Safety is the first area regulated by a european social policy


Occupational safety and health in europe3

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

  • Relatively undiscovered by the community some social politicians could create a progressive policy on OHS

  • Work protection was the only subject and for most of the member states it was determined technically

  • The Construction Site Directive was the product of some people who had a progressive idea of work protection

« Years of funding »

1989 and the following years


Occupational safety and health in europe4

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

The Framework Directive 89/391

Risk Assessment

High standards of protection/ Reduction of risks at their source

The employer has to take into account the technical state of the art

Hierarchie of prevention meassures

Duty of documentation

Information and training of workers

Participation of the workforce


Occupational safety and health in europe5

Occupational Safety and Health in Europe

Einzelrichtlinien

Health and Safety requirements for the workplace (89/654)

Safety requirements for the use of work equipment (89/655)

Directive on carcinogenes at the workplace (90/394)

Health and Safety on mobile and temporary construction sites

Protection from the risks related to chemicals at work (98/24)

Manual handling of heavy loads (90/269)

Directive on physical agents (Noise – 2003/10)

Directive on personal protective equipment (89/656)


Europe today

Europe today

The message: deregulation

Less directives

General targets insteadt of specific regulations

Delegations to the social partners respectively steakholders

Voluntary agreements insteadt of directives


Europe today1

Europe today

Main changes in Safety & Health

Main parts of the aquis communitaire are practically not applicated

Changes in the work organisation and the industrial relations are obstacles

Preventing multicomplex «New risks» is more complexe then accident prevention

Small and medium sized entreprises are often overstreched


European trade union movement

Slight decrease in traditonal hazards

e.g.

Strong increase in new risks including factors of mental stress

e.g.

Changes in the strain profile

  • Noise, Vibration

  • Dampness, Cold, Heat

  • Heavy loads

  • Dusts, Smokes

  • Painful positions

  • Timepressure and tight deadlines

  • Working at high speed

  • Fremdbestimmtes Tempo

  • Repetetive work

  • Unfavourable workingtime

  • Social conflicts


Europa heute

Europa heute


Europa heute1

Europa heute


Europa heute2

Europa heute

Noise

Radiation

Repetitive Hand or Arm movements

Smoke, fume, dust Noise


European trade union movement

Problems of Functional Differentiation

Scientific knowledge

Work organiszation

Situation and duration of work

Work environment

Venue of work

Workplace and tools

Substances

Technical

state of

the art

Noise

Position in the hierarchy

Atmosphere

Breakes

Lighting

Workplace

Industrial science

Labour psychology


European trade union movement

Barriers for implementation

  • Legal implementation

  • Practical implementation

  • Transforming requirements into a cultur

  • Bringing across propper information to workers as well as companies


European trade union movement

General prospect

  • „Simplification“ respectively deregulation as political line

  • Method of open co-ordination

  • General tendency of „Euro-scepticism“

  • An increasing importance of the sectoral Social Dialogue

  • Diversified forms of employment as an framework condition for OSH


European trade union movement

The Commissions new Programme 2007 to 2012

  • Only little need for new legislation

  • Is underlining shortcomings concerning the application of community law

  • Highlights changes in the work organization and forms of employment as well as atypical work

  • Is focusing on specific group of workers (migrant workers) and gender mainstreaming

  • Sees an growing influence of framework conditions like the ageing of Europes societies


European trade union movement

Trade Union Requirementsfor 2007 to 2012

  • Legislation remains a core factor for successful prevention in OSH

  • That concerns values, requirements as well as broader strategies for complex problems

  • The non binding list of occupational diseases should be transformed into a direcitve

  • A propper application and implementation remains the main task for all european actors

  • Special attention should be paid for the construction sector and other high risk sectors


European trade union movement

Trade Union Requirementsfor 2007 to 2012

  • The work of the labour inspectorates has to be encouraged

  • The incorporation of OSH in other community policies should be attributed by precise goals and perspectives

  • Improvement in co-ordinated scientific activities are requested (say R+D-Programme/Dublin Foundation)

  • Specific attention should be paid for the growing risk of mental stress

  • ...


Work protection is work creation

Work protection is work creation

A modern policy on occupational health and safety is more than only accident prevention

Changes in the profile of risks

Today work protection is the creation of a healthy work environment including all aspects of work


European institutional partners

European institutional partners

  • The Bilbao Agency

  • The Dublin Foundation

  • The ETUC‘s Health and Safety Department

  • Three Advisory Committees of the DG Employment and Social Affairs

    • Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at the Workplace

    • Scientific Committee for Occupational Exposure Limits

    • Senior Labour Inspectorate Committee

  • European Parliament – Employment and Social Affairs Committee


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