Trade facilitation and regional integration
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Trade Facilitation and Regional Integration. Jonathan Claridge Directorate-General for Trade European Commission UNCTAD Expert Meeting Geneva, 21-23 September 2005. Example of benefits of Trade Facilitation.

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Trade facilitation and regional integration

Trade Facilitation and Regional Integration

Jonathan Claridge

Directorate-General for Trade

European Commission

UNCTAD Expert Meeting

Geneva, 21-23 September 2005


Trade facilitation and regional integration

Example of benefits of Trade Facilitation

Mozambique: During first two years of customs reform programme, revenues increased by over 50% despite significant tariff cuts.

Morocco: Releasing a container in Casablanca took on average 18-20 days in 1996. Following reforms, customs clearance fell to 1-2 hours. Equivalent to a massive expansion of port facilities, at a fraction of the cost.


Trade facilitation and regional integration

Regional Trade Facilitation

National reforms can have very significant benefits

Regional reforms potentially have far bigger impact

E.g: Common rules across 25 EU Member States


Trade facilitation and regional integration

Supporting regional efforts – role of DDA

  • WTO can set commitments that would facilitate regional integration

  • transit regimes

  • cross-border co-operation

  • transparency

  • standards

  • mobilising international support and technical assistance- SDT

  • Development of WTO rules can draw on regional experiences.

  • WTO rules and regional arrangement mutually supportive


Trade facilitation and regional integration

Supporting regional efforts – role of DDA

Regional TF integration and WTO Rules no panacea

To maximise benefit, needs to be part of broader reforms, including broader regional integration


Trade facilitation and regional integration

Example of regional agreements

  • EPAs – Economic Partnership Agreements

  • Promotion of regional integration measures

  • Development co-operation and assistance

  • Biregional commitments

  • In all cases, need to design agreement with trading profile of EPA beneficiaries in mind:


The development dimension technical assistance

The development dimension – technical assistance

EU: Many programmes cover trade facilitation

Trade a key development priority

Trade facilitation and customs reform prioritised

Strong regional integration focus

EU Member States active

Ongoing efforts to enhance further


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