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PAC RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS: KEY TO EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY. Simbarashe Mashonganyika Programme Coordinator Southern African Parliamentary Support Trust (SAPST). PRESENTATION OUTLINE. SAPST summary, Parliamentary Reforms in Zimbabwe,

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PAC RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS: KEY TO EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY

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Pac relationship with the civil society organisations key to effective accountability

website: www.sapst.org

PAC RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS: KEY TO EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY

Simbarashe Mashonganyika

Programme Coordinator

Southern African Parliamentary Support Trust (SAPST)


Presentation outline

website: www.sapst.org

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

  • SAPST summary,

  • Parliamentary Reforms in Zimbabwe,

  • Constraints to PAC Effectiveness

  • Responsibilities of CSOs

  • Relationships between PAC and CSOs


Sapst summary

website: www.sapst.org

SAPST Summary

  • Independent indigenous parliamentary strengthening trust that commenced operations on 18 October 2008

    VISION

  • A leader in strengthening Parliaments to be accessible, independent, representative and effective in executing their constitutional mandate

    MISSION:

  • Provision of technical support to strengthen parliamentary processes and public participation in the legislative process for good governance and accountability .

website: www.sapst.org


Sapst summary contd

website: www.sapst.org

SAPST Summary Contd…

  • Programmes:

  • Internally focused programmes (Zimbabwe):

    • Parliamentary strengthening;

    • Facilitation of civic society, and other stakeholders’ engagement of Parliaments;

    • Strengthen media coverage of parliament business;

  • Externally focused (Regional i.e. SADC region) a platform for legislators to share experiences in SADC region and beyond; (SADC Association of Parliamentary Budget Committees)


Parliamentary reforms in zimbabwe

website: www.sapst.org

Parliamentary Reforms in Zimbabwe

  • PRE-REFORM ERA:

  • No well organised committee system;

  • Limited scope for Parliament’s participation and input into the national budget;

  • Little or no input of civil society in the budget process;

website: www.sapst.org


Parliamentary reforms in zimbabwe contd

website: www.sapst.org

Parliamentary Reforms in Zimbabwe Contd…

  • RE-ENGINEERED ROLE:

  • Reforms started during the 5th Parliament;

  • Assertion of Parliament’s role in the entire budget process, Portfolio Committee System introduced;

  • Participation of NGOs remained subdued.

website: www.sapst.org


Stakeholders in the accountability framework

website: www.sapst.org

Stakeholders in the Accountability Framework

  • The Executive (subject);

  • Comptroller & Auditor General (SAI)

  • Parliament (PAC);

  • Watch dog organisations e.g. Anti-corruption Commissions, etc;

  • Civil Society Organisations;

  • Media, etc.

website: www.sapst.org


Constraints to pac effectiveness

website: www.sapst.org

Constraints to PAC Effectiveness

  • Inadequately resourced: (supporting staff and financially);

  • Partisanship structure of the Committee;

  • Deficiency of political will to support implementation of findings; and

  • Lack of appropriate, analytic skills and research capacity;

website: www.sapst.org


Constraints to pac effectiveness contd

website: www.sapst.org

Constraints to PAC Effectiveness Contd…

  • Weak legal framework;

  • Follow up on government action in response to its recommendations;

  • Limited engagement with the public; and

  • Inadequate follow up on audit recommendations.

website: www.sapst.org


Civil society organisations csos

website: www.sapst.org

Civil Society Organisations (CSOs)

  • a sector of not for profit organisations, that has become increasingly important over the past few decades in terms of its participation in the development, governance and public finance management processes;

  • significantly contributes to the debate service delivery, public accountability and democracy.

website: www.sapst.org


Roles of csos

website: www.sapst.org

Roles of CSOs

  • Sponsoring capacity building programmes for Parliament;

  • Provide evidence during PAC enquiries;

  • Mechanism of disseminating information, findings and recommendations;

  • Play critical investigative and informational roles;

  • Have networks and expertise to detect potential cases of corruption.

website: www.sapst.org


Roles of csos contd

website: www.sapst.org

Roles of CSOs Contd…

  • Exert pressure on politicians to improve individual conduct and public service delivery;

  • Simplify budget information into user-friendly packages for MPs;

  • A conduit for channeling views of marginalized section of the community

website: www.sapst.org


Relationship between pac and csos

website: www.sapst.org

Relationship between PAC and CSOs

  • Independent of the State ;

  • Based on mutual understanding between Parliament and CSOs;

  • Framework of engagement and modalities thereon agreed upon by Parliament and CSOs;

  • Oversight of the government’s / executive’s actions;

  • Watching formulation and implementation of public policy; and

  • Mediation and helping in conflict resolution.

website: www.sapst.org


Relationship between pac and csos contd

website: www.sapst.org

Relationship between PAC and CSOs Contd...

  • Through analysis and dissemination activities, CSOs assist theParliament to reinforce channels of accountability, possible through active engagement with PAC and pursue the findings of AG;

  • Analysis of CAG reports;

  • Parliament may make key budgetary information open to citizens includingfindings of AG and PAC

website: www.sapst.org


Constraints to effective relationships

website: www.sapst.org

Constraints to Effective Relationships

  • Absence of appropriate policy framework for engagement;

  • Most CSOs do not know how to access Parliament;

  • Few CSOs have parliamentary strengthening programmes;

  • Mistrust between Parliament and CSOs.

website: www.sapst.org


Conclusion

website: www.sapst.org

Conclusion

  • Develop synergies between CSOs and PAC -;

  • Create a conducive environment for establishment of relationship; and

  • CSOs should capacitate PAC materially and technically.


The end

website: www.sapst.org

THE END

THANK YOU

website: www.sapst.org


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