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Effects of the Aryan Migration. The Vedas. A collection of poems, hymns, myths, and rituals that were written by Aryan priests. They describe Aryan religious beliefs and daily life.

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the vedas
The Vedas
  • A collection of poems, hymns, myths, and rituals that were written by Aryan priests. They describe Aryan religious beliefs and daily life.
  • Originally memorized by Aryan priests, the Vedas were later written down in Sanskrit, the language of ancient India
  • There are four Vedas

-Rig Veda (The oldest and most sacred of the Vedas)

-Yajur Veda

-Sama Veda

-Atharva Veda

slide3
The Vedas/Varnas-According to the Vedas, there were four main varnas, or social classes, in Aryan society.
slide4
The Vedas/Varnas-According to a hymn from the Rig Veda, the four varnas came into being with the creation of the world.
slide5

Varnas/Castes-Over time, the four varnas were further divided into several subgroups known as castes.-This division became known as the Caste System-The Caste System divided Indian society into groups based on a person’s birth, wealth, or occupation.

rules of the caste system
Rules of the Caste System
  • In order to keep their class system distinct, the Aryans developed sutras, or guides, which listed all the rules for the caste system
  • Could not marry someone from another caste
  • Could not eat with a person from a different caste
  • If any of the caste rules were broken, you would be banned from your home and caste, which would make you an untouchable. (Outcaste)
  • Untouchables were banished from normal social life.
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Religion-Aryan religion was based on the Vedas-The Aryan word for priest was “Brahmin.”-Their religion was known as Brahmanism-After the Vedas were written down, Aryan priests, or Brahmins, wrote down their thoughts about the Vedas. These texts became known as the “Vedic Texts.”-One of better known Vedic texts are the Upanishads.-These writings are reflections of the Vedas by religious students and teachers.

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Religion-Over time, the ideas of these sacred texts began to blend with religious ideas from other cultures.-The blending of these ideas created a religion called Hinduism.

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Religion-The Caste system worked perfectly into Hindu beliefs.-It worked like a ladder. The goal was to follow your dharma and achieve good karma so that you could keep being reincarnated into a higher caste. This way you could eventually work your way to the top and reach moksha, which would end samsara because your atman will join with Brahman

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