The Impact of Ethno-Linguistic Minority Populations on De-Russification in Post-Soviet Estonia and Lithuania. Douglas Buchacek SLAV 167. We will examine 2 Baltic countries: -- Estonia -- Lithuania. Estonia’s ties to Western/Northern Europe Hanseatic League Lutheran Religion. Estonia
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The Impact of Ethno-Linguistic Minority Populations on De-Russification in Post-Soviet Estonia and Lithuania
We will examine 2 Baltic countries:
The transformation of North Estonian into the dominant vernacular:
-- Lithuanian belongs to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family.
--Along with Latvian, it is the only surviving language from this Balto-Slavic group.
Russification II: The Sequel
This time, it’s Soviet.
Post-Soviet Estonian Language Policies
“It should be remembered that we did not invite the Soviet army and that the questions over citizenship for our large Russian minority stem from the period of illegal occupation and immigration. Don’t forget that most Russians in Estonia have chosen to remain here to benefit from economic, social and human rights advantages.”
--Estonian president Lennart Meri, 1994
Estonia’s post-Soviet language policies have largely been discriminatory, and by and large moderated by the desire for EU accession.
Post-Soviet Lithuanian Language Policies
1. the desire to form a cohesive Lithuanian nation-state that recognizes the centrality of Lithuanian language and culture, while stressing the importance of multiculturalism and multilingualism
2. the desire to integrate fully into the European community, and the adoption of associated language policies to that end.
1995 – Lithuanian the state language.
This law actually was the re-enactment of a law passed in 1989, prior to official recognition of Lithuania’s independence.