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Integration between Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the wider context. Prof. Erik Terk Tallinn University Estonian Institute for Futures Studies. Authors:. Ramunas Vilpiśauskas Veiko Spolitis Erik Terk. B-3 as an integration area? Preconditions for B-3 integration

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Integration between Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the wider context

Prof. Erik Terk

Tallinn University Estonian Institute for Futures Studies


Authors:

  • Ramunas Vilpiśauskas

  • Veiko Spolitis

  • Erik Terk


  • B-3 as an integration area?

  • Preconditions for B-3 integration

  • Possible integration scenarios


  • The future of the Baltic Sea strategy? Different variants

  • Assumption about inclusion of North-West Russia into cooperation pattern. Possible, if EU is strong and foreign policies of EU member states better coordinated


  • Main fields of interest:

  • a) joint infrastructural projects: energy and transportation;

  • b) business level cooperation, investments, pan-Baltic companies

  • c) cooperation in the field of higher education


  • Which type of trade?

  • Which type of pan-Baltic companies?

  • Traditional pBc versus modern international high-tech companies


  • Firstscenario. Threelevelintegration: a coherent Baltic Sea regionin a cooperativeEurope

  • Secondscenario.Theconter-projectofNordiccountries. TheNordic-Balticintegrationintheresponseofthe EU crises

  • Thirdscenario.Theconter-projectof 3 smallnations


  • First (“good weather”) scenario

  • Good preconditions for common infrastructural projects, but joint solutions are needed

  • Very advanterous for Lithunia

  • Strong business expasion, but cooperation between 3B companies and intra-industrial trade is still uncertain


  • Second (Nordic-centric) scenario

  • No euro perspective for Latvia and Lithuania

  • No direct European- gauge Rail-Baltica

  • State-level Nordic-Baltic negotiations very important

  • Common aim: not to be just the Nordic periphery


  • Third scenario: Baltic unity in an uncertain World

  • The same bad preconditios, big joint infrastructural projects not realistic.

  • But there are cheaper cooperation opportunities available. Cross-border cooperation of SMEs, tourism coop etc

  • Strong cooperation motivation: “last resort”


Some messages:

  • EU financing is one of the key elements of B-3 integration;

  • Good cooperation between B-3 is needed not to loose these opportunities,

  • Modernisation of economic structures in B-3 is the key;

  • Baltic Sea cooperation is giving better institutional bases to negotiate about it


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