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Gender and Environment Statistics. Gerry Brady, CSO Ireland UNECE 26-28 April, 2010. Overview. Gender and sex disaggregation of economic and social statistics is reasonably well-developed

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Gender and environment statistics l.jpg

Gender and Environment Statistics

Gerry Brady, CSO Ireland

UNECE 26-28 April, 2010

Presented by Helen Cahill, CSO Ireland


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Gender and sex disaggregation of economic and social statistics is reasonably well-developed

  • This disaggregation is accepted as an essential view in understanding the data, differences in the lives of men and women, and in economic and social policy formulation

  • Gender disaggregation of environmental data may in time become just as important

  • However people-oriented environmental indicators have not yet been developed

  • Hence we currently have a set of genderless environmental statistics


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Need for environment gender view

  • The behaviours and consumption of people are a primary cause of environmental damage

  • The decisions and behaviours of women and men may have different impacts on the environment

  • Men and women may respond differently to policies addressing environmental concerns through modifying their behaviour and consumption

  • The black box of how men and women respond to climate and environment concerns requires gender disaggregated environmental statistics


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Example statistical areas of interest

  • 2009 Eurobarometer attitudes to climate change survey

  • Personal consumption

  • Transport

  • Recycling

  • Energy use

  • Decision-making in industries using raw materials

  • Decision-making in environmental policy areas

  • Consequences of environmental damage on men and women (water, food, living locations, income earning etc.)


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2009 Eurobarometer Survey

  • A survey of Europeans’ attitudes towards most serious problems facing our world today

  • Climate change was ranked as the second most serious problem by both men and women

  • Survey looked at recycling, energy and water consumption in the home, buying local produce to reduce transportation requirement, car related activities, air transport, renewable energy

  • Survey identified differences in the attitudes and behaviours of men and women


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Eurobarometer continued

  • Women were generally more responsive to changing their behaviours towards more environmentally friendly practices

  • e.g. 58% of women, who were taking personal action, reduced home water consumption compared with 51% of the men who were taking personal action

  • Survey showed that it was possible to identify and collect people-oriented environmental indicators


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Eurobarometer: Men/Women taking personal action


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Personal consumption

  • Is there a significant difference in the impact on the environment in the quantity and type of goods consumed by men and women?

  • Would require environment effect factors at detailed product level (reflecting raw material composition of products and usage effect on the environment)

  • Could household purchase surveys be adapted to collect some basic data on personal consumption and green influences on which products to purchase ?


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Transport

  • Data from the 2006 Census of Population in Ireland showed that women are more likely to drive to work

  • Men hold more than half of full driving licences in Ireland

  • A detailed travel survey analysing mode of travel, vehicle size and ownership, fuel consumption, purpose of journeys, whether other passengers were carried etc. would be very useful

  • Data on travel/journey purposes from time use surveys may also be useful e.g. to bring children to school


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Recycling and energy conservation

  • Labour force survey module in Ireland in 2005 on Recycling and Energy Conservation

  • Women had higher rates of recycling products such as paper, cans, plastic and clothing

  • Recycling data suggested that behaviours of men who lived alone were worse than if women also lived in the household => more consistent behaviour of women

  • There were smaller differences between men and women in relation to energy conservation measures with women more likely to be pro-active




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Going Forward

  • Discussions needed regarding whether gender and people dimensions should be mainstreamed into environmental statistics

  • Would require adding some new people related environment indicators into existing international sets

  • May require making changes to existing survey methodologies


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Going forward (continued)

  • This data would allow policy attempts to change behaviour to focus more clearly on behaviours of particular segments

  • Alternative is environmental statistics unable to distinguish socio-demographic including gender differences in behaviour and responsiveness to environmentally friendly practices


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