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Chapter 2. Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition. Preparing for Installation. Identify hardware requirements and compatibility . Choose a file system . Choose a licensing mode . Decide which protocols to install. Determine domain or workgroup membership.

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Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

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Preparing for Installation

  • Identify hardware requirements and compatibility.

  • Choose a file system.

  • Choose a licensing mode.

  • Decide which protocols to install.

  • Determine domain or workgroup membership.

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Hardware Requirements

  • Computer should exceed the minimum requirements

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Hardware Compatibility

  • Check the HCL for Windows Server 2003.

    • Most recent hardware compatibility list is on the Microsoft Web site.

  • Look for “Designed for Windows Server 2003” logos on products.

  • Upgrade the BIOS if necessary.

    • Determine the BIOS version.

    • Check with the computer manufacturer for compatibility and upgrade files.

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Determining Disk Partitioning Options

  • Setup program determines current partitions.

  • Setup presents options for partitioning hard disk.

    • Create a new partition on an unpartitioned hard disk.

      • Only create the operating system partition during Setup.

      • Add other partitions with Disk Management later.

    • Create a new partition on a partitioned hard disk.

    • Install on an existing partition.

    • Delete an existing partition.

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Choosing a File System

  • File systems format the hard disk.

  • Windows Server 2003 supports FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.

  • NTFS is recommended because of advanced features such as:

    • Security and encryption

    • File compression

    • Disk quotas

  • NTFS is required for hosting Active Directory.

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Tera - 240 (1,099,511,627,776) bytes.

Exa - 260 (1,152,921,504,606,846,976) bytes.

Moves data and

Marks bad sectors


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File Systems (cont.)

  • Can use the convert utility to move from FAT32 to NTFS after installation. (not reversible!)

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Choosing a Licensing Mode(see handout)

  • Purchase a client access license (CAL) after installation.

    • CAL’s give a client permission to connect to a Windows Server 2003 computer.

  • Two licensing modes:

    • Per server (max # accessing a server simultaneously)

    • Per seat (one for each client or pc but may have multiple servers)

  • Per seat is preferred for companies with more than one server.

  • One time conversion from per server to per seat.

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Making a Protocol Selection

  • The default protocol setup:

    • TCP/IP with an assumedDHCP server

    • Used on most networks

  • Additional protocols can be configured after installation.

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Determining Membership

  • Workgroup

    • Provide name of workgroup.

  • Domain

    • Provide DNS name of existing domain and join if have administrative domain account.


    • Have administrator create a computer account prior.

      (Verify that one domain controller and DNS server are present.)

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Overview of Installation

  • Methods

    • CD-ROM

    • Network

    • Upgrade

    • Unattended

  • Installation files

    • Winnt for CD-ROM or network installation for Windows operating systems before Windows 95

    • Winnt32 for operating systems Windows 95 or higher

      (32 bit windows environment)

      • Windows NT must have Service Pack 5 or higher for an


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CD-ROM Installation

  • Verify that the computer’s BIOS boots from CD-ROM:

    • Insert installation CD-ROM into drive.

    • Turn off power.

    • Turn on power and boot from CD-ROM.

    • Follow the instructions of the Setup program.

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Network Installation

  • Copy installation files to a host computer.

  • Share the host’s folder and assign read permissions.

  • Connect to the shared folder from the target computer.

  • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe with any desired switches.

  • Follow Setup instructions.

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Installing from an Existing Operating System

  • Upgrades are possible from the following:

    • Windows NT Server 4.0 (running Service Pack 5 or higher)

    • Windows 2000 Server

  • Steps to begin upgrade:

    • Boot the current OS.

    • Insert the installation CD-ROM.

    • Choose the Upgrade option on the Setup screen.

    • Keeps existing settings and applications.

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Unattended Installation

  • Usually performed via a network installation

  • Before installation, specify a set of parameters in an answer file.

    • The answer file contains responses to questions asked during installation such as

      computer name.

  • No license agreement is presented during Setup.

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Performing a CD-based Attended Installation: Phase 1

  • Boot from the Standard Edition CD-ROM.

  • Installation Setup process is similar for all methods.

  • First phase of Setup:

    • Inspect configuration and load files.

    • Display license agreement.

    • Scan hard drive to determine OS, partitions, and file systems.

    • Prompt user to choose partition and file system.

  • Partition is formatted with file system.

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Performing a CD-based Attended Installation: Phase 2

  • Second phase of Setup prompts user for:

    • Language, date, time, and network settings

    • Product Key

    • Licensing mode

    • Computer name, Administrator account, and password

    • Domain or workgroup membership

  • Setup completes installation.

    • Installs and registers selected components.

    • Installs Start menu items.

    • Saves settings and removes temporary files.

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Performing an Unattended Installation

  • Create an answer file. (Unattend.txt & UDF file)

    • Use a text editor or Setup Manager Wizard.

  • Option to use answer file with booting

    • Save the answer file as Winnt.sif on a floppy disk.

    • Boot from CD-ROM.

    • Insert floppy after first Setup screen.

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Installing and Managing Service Packs

  • Download the latest service pack from the Microsoft Web site.

    • Check regularly for updates to correct security issues and improve performance.

  • Review the documentation on installation procedures and problems.

  • Perform a full backup on a production server.

  • Alert clients to the installation schedule.

  • After installation, document problems and solutions and backup.

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Creating an Automated System Recovery Set

  • An ASR set contains two components for system recovery:

    • Backup of all system files (1.5 GB or more)

    • Backup of system settings (approx. 1.44 MB requires

      a floppy drive!)

  • ASR does not(?) back up application data files.

  • Create an ASR with the Backup utility.

  • Make a new ASR set each time there is an important change to the server.

    • Adding protocols

    • Installing new drivers

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Read through table 2-4 on pages 55 – 56 for common installation problems and


Review Homework for Chapter 2&

Perform Lab Exercise #1