The renaissance
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The Renaissance. Chapter 13-5 Christian Humanism. Northern Renaissance. Adapted Italian ideas to their own traditions and cultures North was more Christian, pius , humble More interest in Christian ancient manuscripts Studied Biblical and Christian themes

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The Renaissance

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The renaissance

The Renaissance

Chapter 13-5

Christian Humanism


Northern renaissance

Northern Renaissance

Adapted Italian ideas to their own traditions and cultures

North was more Christian, pius, humble

More interest in Christian ancient manuscripts

Studied Biblical and Christian themes

Reflected in the arts (not many nudes in the North)


Christian humanists

Christian Humanists

Wanted a more ethical way of life

Wanted to use the new ideas to create a better (more Christian) world

Wanted to use reason and intellect to REFORM people and society

Christian Humanism: the blending of classical ideals with Christian principles to create a more ethical society


Humanism v christian humanism

Humanism v Christian Humanism

  • Humanism: What can the ancient texts reveal about human nature which will enable individuals to reach their full potential?

    • The celebration of the individual (virtu)

  • Christian Humanism: How can we blend classical ideals with Christian principles to create a better world?

    • The quest to reform


In the arts

In the Arts

  • In Italy, art was no longer used to convey a concept or the big idea…The art, itself was enough

    • Religious scenes but secular themes

  • In the North, the art is still sending a message (usually a religious one) (preoccupation with death)

    • The art often had secular scenes but religious themes!


Erasmus

Erasmus

The most famous and celebrated of all of the Northern Humanists

Was a master and THE authority of Greek

Made new translations of the Greek and Latin versions of the New Testament

Were much different from the Vulgate

Was the first humanist to make a living by writing


Erasmus1

Erasmus

Wrote The Praise of Folly 1550

Only the Bible sold more copies

Was written in Latin

Was critical of the Church and other institutions

Was a big inspiration to Luther later

BUT was a loyal Christian

Erasmus believed that education was the key to reform


Sir thomas more

Sir Thomas More

Writer and Civic Humanist

Was Chancellor to Henry VIII

Highest position of all!...and was beheaded because he was unwilling to take an oath of loyalty to Henry as head of the Church of England


The renaissance

More

Wrote Utopia

Described a perfect society in which civic humanism was mixed with religious ideals

Believed that accumulation of property was the root of society’s problems

Thought that war, poverty, suffering would disappear if people were willing to sacrifice individual rights for the common good. (communism?)


D etables

D’Etables

Leading French Humanist

Produced 5 versions of the psalms that challenged a single version of the Bible

Was a devout Catholic who will later be seen as an enemy of the Church


Rabelais

Rabelais

Produced French secular writings that portrayed confidence in human nature

Wrote Gargantua and Pantagreul: satirized French society

Championed secular learning

Attacked clerical education


Montaigne

Montaigne

The Essay

Introduced Skepticism: Doubted that true knowledge could be attained so tolerance is in order


Shakespeare

Shakespeare

The greatest playwright of all time


Cervantes

Cervantes

Wrote Don Quixote

Was a chivalric romance

The first modern novel

Was critical of excessive religious idealism


Francesco ximenes de cisneros

Francesco Ximenes de Cisneros

  • Spanish humanist and reformer

  • A member of the Spanish clergy

  • Spain escaped a reformation because he cleaned up Church abuses in Spain

  • Was Grand Inquisitor of the Spanish Inquisition

    • Not all Humanists were tolerant

  • Created the Polyglot Bible: 3 columns of Hebrew, Greek, Latin translations of the Bible


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