Monitoring and Evaluation in CBA - The specificity of M&E in the field of adaptation. UNDP M&E framework for adaptation, VRA and IAS C. O. Nyandiga and A.F Wittmann Presented at the UNDP CBA- UNV Workshop, August 2-10, Dakar-Senegal. What is Monitoring and Evaluation?.
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Monitoring and Evaluation in CBA- The specificity of M&E in the field of adaptation
UNDP M&E framework for adaptation,
VRA and IAS
C. O. Nyandiga and A.F Wittmann
Presented at the UNDP CBA- UNV Workshop, August 2-10, Dakar-Senegal
(source : World Bank)
What do we want to measure ?
We want to make sure our objectives are achieved : improving the adaptive capacity / reducing the vulnerability of the communities and the ecosystems on which they rely.
What can we measure ?
UNDP adaptation indicators
Measure the Global Environmental Benefits and the Livelihood / Empowermentbenefits generated by the project
At project conception, chose one GEB indicator and one LIVELIHOOD / EMPOWERMENT indicator
During project development, measure the baseline values of the indicators and prepare your monitoring plan (in project proposal) –
During project implementation, measure the evolutions of the indicators (project reports) – RESPONSIBILITY OF THE GRANTEE
At the end of the project, measure the final indicator (final participatory evaluation / final report) – RESPONSIBILITY OF THE GRANTEE
Don’tforget to report the indicators in the SGP database
Arid & semi-Arid zone ecosystems
Coastal, Marine and Freshwaters:
The objective of a CBA project is to REDUCE the vulnerability of the community. VRA is a tool that contributes to measure achievement of this objective.
VRA is a form of Participatory Impact Assessment, which focuses on the community’s own perception of its vulnerability and adaptation capacities.
VRA is composed of 4 indicators, that are transformed into 4 questions (tailored to the local context).
These questions form the core of a “VRA participatory workshop”, that is organized at least 3 times in the course of a project, in the community (at the beginning, at mid-course of project implementation, at the end).
Choose an appropriate location in the village, according to what you already know about the community.
The location has to be accepted by / accessible to everyone
Accommodate the community schedule, including women’s schedule
Facilitating team :
1 or 2 lead facilitators (with leverage and experience ; who know the local language and culture)
1 person to take notes on the H-form
1 person to take extensive notes on the side
1 person to take pictures and coordinate the logistics
MOBILIZE the grantee as well as community-members.
-Make sure all the members of the community are invited and informed about the meeting
-Create a friendly atmosphere, where everyone is at ease to speak
-Promote open discussion (the participants are the “teachers”, because we want to learn from them and capture their perceptions)
-Use a language that is appropriate
-Prepare your H-forms in advance (as well as all the material you might need)
-Inform the authorities in advance
4-What are the impacts of these changes on your livelihood
= VRA QUESTION 1 / Fill out H-form
5-What will be the impacts if these changes (more storms / more droughts) double in the future ?
= VRA QUESTION 2 / Fill out H-form
The impacts are noted in 2 columns (positive impacts / negative impacts)
After the discussion, assessment : how serious are these impacts, in the view of the community
What are the possible solutions to limit these impacts ?
6-What are the obstacles / assets for adaptation ?
= VRA QUESTION 3 / Fill out H-form
What prevents you from implementing the solutions that you mention ?
After the discussion, assessment : are the obstacles stronger than the assets
What are the possible solutions to overcome the obstacles and build on the assets ?
7-Do you think that with the project, you will be able to adapt further in the future ?
= VRA QUESTION 4 / Fill out H-form
(Assess the sustainability of the project, and how people will contribute)
After the discussion, assessment : are the participants optimistic about the outcomes of the projects ? are they willing to actively participate ?
Thank people for their participation
Present the next steps of the project
Generate a score for each question (noted on 5; 1 shows that the vulnerability is high / 5 shows that the vulnerability is low
Calculate the average from each question
Multiply the total average by 2 to obtain a score noted on 10
Don’tforget to report the indicators in the SGP database
How can they be better understood (scale of value is not necessarily translated in numbers) ?
How can they be better captured (voting/scoring might block participants; people don’t want to stand out)?
How can they be more reliable for monitoring (composition of the group changes from one VRA to the next ; participants might over/underestimate the scores in order to ensure the funding… ?
There is a potential for improvement, in order to be able to prove the impacts of our projects.
BASELINE indicators (project proposal)
The CBA project aims at reinforcing Volunteerism : these indicators should be monitored over the course of the project
Be sure to capture quantitative / qualitative data on community volunteers and participation during the project : in the activity reports / follow-up on the Volunteerism chart
Inclusive participation : monitor the vulnerable group’s participation (esp. women, youth, people with a handicap, elders, property-less farmers…). In the activity reports / follow-up on the Volunteerism chart