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CHILD DEVELOPMENT. LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT :. 1. Growth proceeds from head to foot lift head, pickup objects, walk to objects. Head Control . Newborn. Age 6 months. LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:.

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Laws of growth and development
LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

1. Growth proceeds from head to foot lift head, pickup objects, walk to objects.


Head control
Head Control

Newborn

Age 6 months


Laws of growth and development1
LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

2. Growth proceeds from near to far-(from body trunk outward), scoot entire body, wave arms, grab object with palms, and pick up object with thumb and fingers


Laws of growth and development2
LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

  • 3. Growth proceeds from the simple to the complex (it builds on earlier learning) sleeping, being fed, holding the bottle, feeding self.


Laws of growth and development3
LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

  • 4. Growth is continuous (throughout life) and orderly--both legs grow at the same time and rate.


Laws of growth and development4
LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

5.There are critical periods for growth and development.

6.Different areas of development are interrelated.

7.Development is similar for everyone.

8.Development proceeds at an individual rate.



Types of development
Types of Development

  • Physical development

    • Gross motor skills – use of large muscles

      • Running, jumping, climbing, etc.

    • Fine motor skills – use of small muscles

      • Coloring, using fork and knife, etc.

  • Intellectual development

    • Cognitive development – mental processes through which we think, learn, and communicate


  • Emotional development – involves understanding and responding to our surroundings

    • Smile, cry, laugh, fear, sadness, anger

  • Social Development – Understanding others and learning how to interact

    • “Play is a child’s work”

  • Moral Development – knowing right from wrong


Motor development gross and fine motor skills
Motor Development Gross and Fine Motor Skills

  • Skills infant learns through muscle control

  • Gross skills utilize large muscles for larger motor activities such as moving arms or legs

  • Fine skills involve more finely turned movements such as finger dexterity.


Sitting up
Sitting Up

Age 2 months

Age 8 months


Fine motor infant
Fine Motor - Infant

  • Newborn has very little control. Objects will be involuntarily grasped and dropped without notice.

  • 6 month old: palmar grasp – uses entire hand to pick up an object

  • 9 month old: pincer grasp – can grasp small objects using thumb and forefinger


Fine motor development
Fine Motor Development

6-month-old

12-month-old


Fine motor and cognitive abilities
Fine motor and cognitive abilities

  • Buttoning clothing

  • Holding a crayon / pencil

  • Building with small blocks

  • Using scissors

  • Playing a board game

  • Have child draw picture of himself


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