Child development
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CHILD DEVELOPMENT. LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT :. 1. Growth proceeds from head to foot lift head, pickup objects, walk to objects. Head Control . Newborn. Age 6 months. LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:.

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CHILD DEVELOPMENT

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CHILD DEVELOPMENT


LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

1. Growth proceeds from head to foot lift head, pickup objects, walk to objects.


Head Control

Newborn

Age 6 months


LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

2. Growth proceeds from near to far-(from body trunk outward), scoot entire body, wave arms, grab object with palms, and pick up object with thumb and fingers


LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

  • 3. Growth proceeds from the simple to the complex (it builds on earlier learning) sleeping, being fed, holding the bottle, feeding self.


LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

  • 4. Growth is continuous (throughout life) and orderly--both legs grow at the same time and rate.


LAWS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT:

5.There are critical periods for growth and development.

6.Different areas of development are interrelated.

7.Development is similar for everyone.

8.Development proceeds at an individual rate.


Growth Pattern


Types of Development

  • Physical development

    • Gross motor skills – use of large muscles

      • Running, jumping, climbing, etc.

    • Fine motor skills – use of small muscles

      • Coloring, using fork and knife, etc.

  • Intellectual development

    • Cognitive development – mental processes through which we think, learn, and communicate


  • Emotional development – involves understanding and responding to our surroundings

    • Smile, cry, laugh, fear, sadness, anger

  • Social Development – Understanding others and learning how to interact

    • “Play is a child’s work”

  • Moral Development – knowing right from wrong


Motor Development Gross and Fine Motor Skills

  • Skills infant learns through muscle control

  • Gross skills utilize large muscles for larger motor activities such as moving arms or legs

  • Fine skills involve more finely turned movements such as finger dexterity.


Sitting Up

Age 2 months

Age 8 months


Fine Motor - Infant

  • Newborn has very little control. Objects will be involuntarily grasped and dropped without notice.

  • 6 month old: palmar grasp – uses entire hand to pick up an object

  • 9 month old: pincer grasp – can grasp small objects using thumb and forefinger


Fine Motor Development

6-month-old

12-month-old


Fine motor and cognitive abilities

  • Buttoning clothing

  • Holding a crayon / pencil

  • Building with small blocks

  • Using scissors

  • Playing a board game

  • Have child draw picture of himself


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