An Introduction to Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird. Harper Lee. Born on April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama Youngest of four children 1957 – submitted manuscript for her novel; was urged to rewrite it Spent over two years reworking it
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Harper Lee’s childhood
Scout Finch’s childhood
Grew up in 1930s - rural southern Alabama town
Father - Atticus Finch - attorney who served in state legislature in Alabama
Older brother and young neighbor (Dill) are playmates
Scout reads before she enters school; reads Mobile Register newspaper in first grade
Six years old when the trial of Tom Robinson takes place
The Scottsboro Trials
Tom Robinson’s Trial
Occurs in the 1930s
Takes place in southern Alabama
Begins with a charge of rape made by a white woman against an African American man
The poor white status of Mayella is a critical issue.
A central figure is Atticus, lawyer, legislator and member of the Alabama Bar, who defends an African American man.
Atticus arouses anger in the communtiy in trying to defend Tom Robinson.
The verdict is rendered by a jury of poor white residents of Old Sarum.
The jury ignores evidence, for example, that Tom has a useless left arm.
Attitudes about Southern women and poor whites complicate the trial of Tom
This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges.
Examples of each social class:
Wealthy - Finches
Country Folk - Cunninghams
“White Trash” – Ewells
Black Community – Tom Robinson
Journal: What are you thinking/feeling as you view the following images?
A cafe near the tobacco market. (Signs: Separate doors for "White" and for "Colored.“) North Carolina, 1940
"Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."