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Medical English. Week 3. In Week 3, we will:. Look at terms describing the structural organisation of the body Identify body cavities and the organs contained within them Study positional and directional terms Work on the pronunciation of these terms

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In week 3 we will
In Week 3, we will:

  • Look at terms describing the structural organisation of the body

  • Identify body cavities and the organs contained within them

  • Study positional and directional terms

  • Work on the pronunciation of these terms

  • Learn more combining forms and their meanings

  • Improve and add to our understanding of (the formation of) medical terms



Cells
Cells

  • Fundamental unit of all living things

  • Metabolise food to release energy and build proteins

  • Are different, specialised to perform individual functions

  • Combining form = cyt/o

Practice: Turn to page 34. Label the parts of a cell.Practice: Turn to page 57. Do exercises A and B.



Cell metabolism
Cell metabolism

Mitochondrion


Cell specialization
Cell specialization

Practice: Turn to page 38. Label the types of cells.


Tissues
Tissues

A group of similar cells working together to do a specific job.

A scientist who studies tissues is a histologist.


Organs
Organs

  • Are composed of several types of tissue

  • Viscera = internal organs

Practice: Turn to page 39. Label the organs above.


Systems
Systems

  • Groups of organs working together to perform complex functions

    Digestive Nervous

    Urinary or excretory Circulatory

    Respiratory Reproductive

    Endocrine Musculoskeletal

    Skin and sense organs

  • Let’s do some pronunciation practice. Turn to page 39 of your books.









Skin and sense organs
Skin and sense organs

Practice: Turn to page 58. Do exercise C.



Body cavities
Body cavities

Practice: Turn to page 41. Label the body cavities.



Ventral cavities
Ventral cavities

Practice: Turn to page 58. Do exercise D.



Abdominopelvic regions
Abdominopelvic regions

Practice: Turn to page 46. Label the abdominopelvic regions.



Abdominopelvic quadrants
Abdominopelvic quadrants

Practice: Turn to page 47. Write the correct initials for each quadrant.Practice: Turn to page 60. Do exercise G.



Spinal column
Spinal column

Practice: Turn to page 48. Label the divisions of the back.Practice: Turn to page 59. Do exercise F.



Positional terms
Positional terms

anterior (ventral) ≠ posterior (dorsal)

deep ≠ superficial

proximal ≠ distal

inferior ≠ superior

medial ≠ lateral

supine ≠ prone

Practice: Turn to page 50. Write the correct positional and directional terms in A.Practice: Turn to page 60. Do exercise H.






Planes of the body
Planes of the body

  • Frontal or coronal

    • divides body into anterior and posterior

  • Sagittal or lateral

    • divides body into right and left

  • Transverse, axial or cross-sectional

    • divides body horizontally into upper and lower

Practice: Turn to page 50. Label the planes of the body in B.Practice: Turn to page 60. Do exercise I.



Exercises
Exercises

  • Do the practice exercises on the worksheet.

  • Turn to page 60. Do exercise J.

  • Turn to page 61. Do exercises K and L.

  • Turn to page 62. Do exercise M.

  • Homework: Turn to pages 68-71. Test yourself.


Week 4 chapter 3
Week 4 – Chapter 3

In Week 4, we will:

  • Review suffixes and combining forms already learnt

  • Learn new combining forms and suffixes

  • Build medical terms relating to diseases, diagnostic procedures and treatments

  • Divide medical terms to understand their meaning

  • Identify the functions of the different types of blood cells in the body


Teacher information
Teacher information

  • Weeks 2-5: Maria Pinto

  • Phone: 054 740 4719

  • Email: [email protected]

  • Office: English Professors’ Room 1, Wonhyogwan

  • Office hours: Tuesdays and Wednesdays 11-12


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