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Power Searching 501 (?): a crash course The stuff you need to know about searching, but may have forgotten along the way! (And, the stuff I want you to know before you go off to college!) But we’ve heard this all before, Mrs. V!

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Power searching 501 a crash course l.jpg
PowerSearching 501 (?): a crash course

The stuff you need to

know about searching, but may have forgotten along the way!

(And, the stuff I want you to know

before you go off to college!)



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Sorry.This important review won’t hurt too much! I promise!!!! And it will help you in college and beyond!


Let us begin l.jpg
Let us begin!

Yeah! Okay. We love databases and searching!


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And I love your enthusiasm for

searching and databases!

You make me proud!



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Review question #1:

What is the difference between free Web search tools and subscription databases?





Review question 2 how can you choose the right search tools for you information task l.jpg
Review question #2:How can you choose the right search tools for you information task?



Choose the right search engine for your information need l.jpg
Choose the right search engine for your information need!

Choosing the Best Search Tool (Debbie Abilock) http://www.noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/information/5locate/adviceengine.html

Getting Started: Selecting a Tool for your Search

http://library.albany.edu/internet/started.html


Even google has choices l.jpg
Even Google has choices:

  • Google Print - Search the full text of books

  • Google Scholar - Search scholarly papers

  • Google Directory for a subject approach

  • Google Images


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Review question # 3: And when you are in the search engine or database, did you know you have a major searching interface choice?


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Simple vs. Advanced

It’s about power!



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Simple Screen

Click here for more precision and power!






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Another decision: another choice!

Subject / Topic

Keyword

Full text



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Review question #4 another choice!What is the difference?

  • Subject / topic

  • Keyword

  • Full text

    When might you use each?


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Subject headings or descriptors in databases another choice!

Use the language and structure of the database to gather relevant material!


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In some databases another choice! this choice is critical!


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More about another choice!

subject

headings and database structure!





Some search engines also offer subject topic cues or clusters l.jpg
Some search engines also offer another choice!subject / topic cues or clusters




Stop the insanity l.jpg
STOP the insanity! suggest search terms

Stop using stop words in your searches!

in, of, the, a, to you, why, who, what, on, than, then, their, an, his, her, be


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Using stop or noise words instead of a Boolean operator suggest search terms

List of English “stop words”


Review question 5 what are boolean operators l.jpg
Review question # 5 suggest search termsWhat are Boolean operators?


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Rockwell Schrock’s suggest search termsBoolean Machine

http://kathyschrock.net/rbs3k/boolean


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Google doesn’t care, suggest search terms

but your

database does!

Google ignores stop words and assumes an AND between words.


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How important AND is!!! suggest search terms



When to use in google l.jpg
When to use “+” in Google suggest search terms


When do you really need or l.jpg
When do you really need OR? suggest search terms

OR is generally used for synonyms or related words.


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OR in Google suggest search terms


Not as a refinement technique for problem words eagles not philadelphia martin luther not king l.jpg
NOT as a refinement technique for problem words suggest search termseagles NOT Philadelphia“Martin Luther” NOT King


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Using “not” in Google suggest search terms


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Boolean operators in databases suggest search terms


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“Phrase searching” suggest search terms

  • One of your best searching tools!

  • Use only for legitimate phrases, names, titles

    • Best example -- “vitamin A”

    • “John Quincy Adams”

    • Titles “An Officer and a Gentleman”

    • “to be or not to be”

  • Phrase searching is sometimes overused: not every group of words is a phrase

  • Sometimes “ANDing” is a better strategy


  • Slide56 l.jpg

    Time for parentheses? suggest search terms


    Wildcards and stemming l.jpg
    Wildcards and stemming suggest search terms

    • Google stems, it returns varies forms of words

    • Many databases do not stem.

    • Use an asterisk for various word forms

      adolesc* child* teen*

      BE CAREFUL when you stem: cat*


    Using wildcards in databases l.jpg
    Using wildcards in databases suggest search terms


    A question is not a query l.jpg
    A question is not a query suggest search terms

    How many buffalo remain in the United States?

    Can you create an effective

    “two word” search?

    From David Barr, formerly of IMSA


    How to structure a good query l.jpg
    How to structure a good query suggest search terms

    • Brainstorm several key words and phrases—the ones you think would appear and wouldn’t appear in your dream document

    • Anticipate synonyms and related words

    • Mine your results!: be on the look out for better words and phrases as you search


    More on the query l.jpg
    More on the query suggest search terms

    • Focus on nouns (verbs are often vague, stop words, like articles—a, an, the—are ignored by most engines)

    • Include most important words and phrases first.



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    Searching by media type and using phrases suggest search terms

    (Also phrase searching

    Search / filter by media type

    http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/libweb/curriculum/do/search



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    Sorting results suggest search terms


    Find command helpful for lots of text or search results l.jpg
    Find command helpful suggest search terms for lots of text, or search results



    Searching within a large site l.jpg
    Searching within a large site suggest search terms


    And finally as you search consider l.jpg
    And finally, as you search, suggest search termsconsider . . .

    What types of sources does your instructor want you to cite:

    Primary sources?

    Scholarly sources?

    Popular sources?

    Trade journals?


    Consider what type of source is contained on that printout l.jpg
    Consider what type of source is contained on that printout? suggest search terms

    • Popular?

    • Trade?

    • Scholarly?

    • Primary source?

      http://mciu.org/~spjvweb/scholarly.html


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    Scholarly words suggest search terms

    • Refereed

    • Peer reviewed

    • Scholarly


    Filter for scholarly l.jpg
    Filter for scholarly suggest search terms

    and for full text


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    When to use Wikipedia and other wiki sources suggest search terms

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_bombing





    Help screens can help l.jpg
    Help screens can help suggest search terms


    Online offline school academic public l.jpg
    Online, offline suggest search termsSchool, academic, public

    Librarians can really help!


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    Habits of mind apply to research suggest search terms

    • Tolerating, embracing ambiguity

    • Using resources wisely

    • Seeking accuracy

    • Seeking clarity

    • Evaluating the effectiveness of your own actions

    • Planning

    • Being responsive to feedback

    • Being open-minded

    • Engaging intensely


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    Any questions? suggest search terms


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