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Modern Life of India Family Life & Marriage Traditions Most follow the arranged marriage tradition. Families are large. Extended Families live together. Marriages are male dominated & divorce is rare. Modern Life of India Family Life & Marriage Traditions

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Modern Life of India

  • Family Life & Marriage Traditions

    • Most follow the arranged marriage tradition.

    • Families are large.

    • Extended Families live together.

    • Marriages are male dominated & divorce is rare.


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Modern Life of India

  • Family Life & Marriage Traditions

    • Urban Indians tend to follow fewer traditions than rural Indians.


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Modern Life of India

  • Traditional Diet

    • It is largely vegetarian.

      • Rice

      • Legumes

      • Flatbreads like “chapati or roti”

        Some Indians eat meat, fish, & chicken.

        Curry is a favorite type of sauce consumed.

        Meat consumption is low partly to some Hindu & Muslim practices.


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Modern Life of India

  • Sports & Recreation

    • Soccer

    • Field hockey

    • Cricket

    • Indian classical music that uses traditional instruments like the sitar & tablag)

    • Pop Music is growing.

    • Mumbai (Bombay) has a huge film industry.


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Modern Life of India

  • Milestones for most young people

    • Festivals are a big part of Indian life for all ages.

    • Traditional dress for women includes

      • Embroidered skirts

      • Head shawls

      • Jewelry


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Modern Life of India

  • Milestones for most young people

    • Women often have more family responsibilities than men.

    • Women often have less access to education & professional jobs.


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Modern Life of India

  • Milestones for most young people

    • Free education is available to people ages 6-14.

    • Some children start working at the age of 10 years old.

    • Rural women often marry by age 16.

    • Urban women often marry by age 17.

    • Males can enter the military at age 17.

    • The voting age is 18


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Modern Life of India

  • Education

    • Free education is available for people ages 6-14 years, but many people cannot take advantages because of the shortage or schools & great distance.

    • Middle & Upper income Indians are more likely to receive more education.

    • Urban Indians are more likely to be educated.


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Modern Life of India

  • Education

    • City slums & rural Indians are less likely to receive as much education as other Indians.

    • School attendance is irregular & literacy is low in these Indian populations.


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Modern Life of India

  • Education

    • India’s government has placed a high priority on education.

    • Literacy has risen steadily since the 1950s, but education is still a problem for many Indian people, especially for low income Indian more likely found in rural areas & urban slums.


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Indian Culture

  • Languages

    • Number of languages

      • The Indian constitution recognizes 18 major languages.

      • There are over 1000 different languages & dialects.

      • Southern Indian has great diversity in languages & ethnic groups.

      • One big ethnic group in the south is the Dravidians.

      • The Dravidians speak non-Indo-European languages.


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Indian Culture

  • Languages

    • Official Language

      • Hindi is the official language & it is the most widely spoken language.

      • Hindi still can present language barriers because of many dialects.


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Indian Culture

  • Languages

    • Importance of English

      • English is widely spoken.

      • The is partly due to England’s past rule over the region.

      • Most Indian business people & government officials speak English.


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu Religion’s Impact on Indian Culture

    • The Hindu religion & customs are rooted from Aryan settlers.

    • Number of Indian Hindus

      • 80 percent


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu beliefs

    • Reincarnation

      • Is the rebirth of souls after death.

      • People get reincarnated until they become one with Brahman (the sum of all spiritual forces).

      • People have to work out their bad karma through reincarnations until they achieve the ultimate spiritual state & become one with Brahman.


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu beliefs

    • Karma

      • These are the moral consequences a person’s behavior that impacts a person’s fate later in life or in future life.

      • Bad behavior can result in bad karma.

      • Good behavior can produce good karma.


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu beliefs

    • Caste System

      • Started as an Aryan social class system that turned into the Hindu social class system that still influences Indian society.

      • Examples

        • Brahmans

          • Priests & Scholars

        • Kshatriyas

          • Rulers & Warriors

        • Vaisyas

          • Farmers & Merchents

        • Sudras

          • Artisans & Laborers


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu beliefs

    • More on the Caste System

      • Untouchables

        • Called “dalits”

        • These people are the lowest members of Indian society.

        • They are actually “outside” the caste system.

        • They are “outcasts.”

        • Dalits or Untouchable status has been been outlawed since India became independent of UK.


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Indian Culture

  • Hindu beliefs

    • Dharma

      • These are the duties of the class system.

      • The only way to move up in the caste system is through reincarnation.

      • The caste system has provided social stability, social order, & a clear division of labor.

      • But it has been used to discriminate against people & keep people from improving their lives.


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Indian Culture

  • Other Indian Religions

    • Islam

      • 2nd to Hindu with 150 million followers

      • Millions of other Indian Muslims left India when Pakistan formed in 1947.

    • Jainism

    • Christianity

    • Sikhism

    • Buddhism


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