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ADVERBS. YOU WILL LEARN ABOUT. THE DEFINITION OF ADVERBS TYPES OF ADVERBS COMPARISON OF ADVERBS ORDER OF ADVERBS. THE DEFINITION. Adverbs are words that modify: a verb ( He drives slowly ) an adjective ( David is extremely clever)

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YOU WILL LEARN ABOUT

  • THE DEFINITION OF ADVERBS

  • TYPES OF ADVERBS

  • COMPARISON OF ADVERBS

  • ORDER OF ADVERBS


The definition
THE DEFINITION

  • Adverbs are words that modify:

    • a verb ( He drives slowly )

    • an adjective ( David is extremely clever)

    • another adverb ( She moved very slowly down the aisle )

    • a whole sentence ( Luckily, the car stopped in time )

Adverbs often tell when , where , why , how or how much something happens or happened.



Many adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective

Note :

There are some adjectives also end in –ly, including costly, manly, deadly, friendly, lively, and timely.

These are not adverbs


Forming comparative and superlative adverbs

Ly adverbs:

I speak English more fluently now than last year.

Jack works the most quietly

He drives less carefully than his brother.


Other adverbs :

He worked harder than ever before.

He is the fastest runner on the competition.

He came earlier than always.



Irregular adverbs : the adverb?!

Her house is farther than mine.

Our team played worstof all.

Her hand writing is better than her friend.


Position of adverbs : the adverb?!

  • Adverb of manner :

  • it comes after the verb or at the end of the sentence.

  • She sneaks quietly out of the house.

  • Their teacher speaks quietly.

  • Adverb of time :

  • -It usually come at the end of the sentence.

  • I will tell you the story tomorrow.

  • -But if you want to emphasis on the time you should put it at the beginning of the sentence.

  • Tomorrow, I will tell you the story .

  • Adverb of place :

  • -It comes after the direct object.

  • I didn’t see him here.

  • -If there is no object it comes after the main verb

  • He stayed behind.


  • Adverb of degree : the adverb?!

  • - It comes before what it modifies.

  • The exam was so difficult that I didn´t finish it.

  • It was too hot to wear a coat.

  • Adverb of frequency :

  • -It comes before the main verb.

  • I always get up at 6:00.

  • -Or between the auxiliary and the main verb.

  • He doesn’t always play tennis.

  • Mandy can usually play football on Sundays.

  • -Or after the verb to be.

  • Susan is never late.

  • -The adverbs often, usually, sometimes and occasionally can go at the beginning of the sentence.

  • Sometimes, I go swimming.

  • -The adverbs rarely and seldom can go at the end of a sentence.

  • He eats fish very seldom .


  • Order of adverbs: the adverb?!

    • There is a basic order in which adverbs will appear when there is more than one


  • Exercise: the adverb?!

  • 1- Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb:

  • Joanne is happy. She smiles……………..

  • The boy is loud. He shouts…………….

  • Her English is fluent. She speaks English……………..

  • Our mum was angry. She spoke to us…………..

  • My neighbor is a careless driver. He drives…………….

  • The painter is awful. He paints ………….

  • Jim is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano……………..

  • This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house……………

  • She is a good dancer. She dances really………….

  • This exercise is simple. You……….. have to put one word in each space.



REFERENCES: correct position:

Interactions2 Grammar book

www.grammar.ccc.comment.edu

www.learnenglish.ed

www.englisch-hilfen.de


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