Developmental psychology
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Developmental Psychology. Romantic Love & Attachment, Parenting Styles, Egocentrism, and Cultural Diversity and Development. By Nicole Banting , Samaia Paler, Simran Asere. ROMANTIC LOVE ♥. Romantic Love and attachment.

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Developmental Psychology

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Developmental psychology

Developmental Psychology

Romantic Love & Attachment, Parenting Styles, Egocentrism, and Cultural Diversity and Development

By Nicole Banting, Samaia Paler, SimranAsere


Romantic love

ROMANTIC LOVE ♥


Romantic love and attachment

Romantic Love and attachment

  • The attachment of infants towards their parents may have an effect on their adult romantic relationships

  • Remember that the correlation between infant attachment and romantic love style do NOT suggest causation


Avoidant infants adults

Avoidant Infants  adults

  • Have trouble trusting others

  • Avoid intimacy

  • Rarely report finding “true love”


Anxious ambivalent infants adults

Anxious/ambivalent infants  adults

  • Tend to be possessive

  • Emotionally demanding towards their partners

  • Fear their intense love will not be returned


Securely attached infants adults

Securely attached infants  adults

  • Closer to others

  • Find others more trustworthy

  • Most desired partner

  • Foster long-term relationships


Parenting styles

PARENTING STYLES


4 different parenting styles baumrind s research

4 Different Parenting Styles(Baumrind’s Research)

  • 1. Permissive-Neglectful (cw)

  • 2. Permissive- Indulgent (cW)

  • 3. Authoritarian (Cw)

  • 4. Authoritative (CW)


Permissive neglectful

Permissive-Neglectful

  • “I don’t care about you—or what you do.”

  • Low control, low warmth

  • Parents are not demanding and show rejection

  • Results:

  • poor social skills

  • little self-control


Permissive indulgent

Permissive-Indulgent

  • “I care about you—and you are free to do whatever you want.”

  • Low control, high warmth

  • Parents do not discipline enough, yet are caring and connected with their child

  • Results:

  • immature

  • disrespectful

  • out of control


Authoritarian

Authoritarian

  • “I don’t care what you want. Just do it my way, or else!”

  • High control, low warmth

  • Parents are strict but don’t care about their child

  • Results:

  • easily upset

  • moody

  • aggressive

  • fails to learn communications skills


Authoritative

Authoritative

  • “I really care about you, but there are rules and you need to be responsible.”

  • High control, high warmth

  • Parents set firm limits on their child, and are emotionally supportive and caring at the same time

  • Results:

  • self-reliant

  • content

  • self-controlled

  • goal oriented

  • high achieving

  • friendly

  • emotionally well adjusted

  • socially competent


3 major a spects t hat affect baumrind s research

3 Major Aspects That Affect Baumrind’s Research


Child temperament

Child Temperament

  • Chosen styles depend on child’s temperament and reactions to parental efforts

    Example:

    The Authoritative style is chosen

    for a child that is already mature

    and competent


Child expectations

Child Expectations

  • Chosen styles depend on the child’s expectations of how their parent should behave

  • Example:

  • Korean parents show strong control but they are perceived as a sign of love

    VS

  • Strong control in America would be perceived as rejection


Parental warmth

Parental Warmth

  • The degree of warmth parents feel VS the degree of rejection parents feel

    Example:

    Neglectful parents correlate

    with hostile, aggressive children


Father vs mother parenting

Father vs Mother Parenting

  • The father’s role in child care used to be largely ignored

  • Children do best with authoritative dads

  • Fathers are just as responsive, nurturing, and competent as mothers


Egocentric thinking

Egocentric Thinking


What is egocentric thinking

What is egocentric thinking?

  • Thinking only of yourself without considering the rights, needs, or point of view of others

  • Ex. Childhood egocentrism – a little boy unwilling to share his toys

  • Adolescent egocentrism – a teenager refuses to go to school because of the zit on her face


Standards in egocentric thinking

Standards in egocentric thinking

  • Innate Egocentrism

  • Innate Sociocentrism

  • Innate Wish-fulfillment

  • Innate Self- Validation

  • Innate Selfishness


Innate egocentrism

Innate egocentrism

“It’s true because I believe it!”

  • Assuming personal beliefs are true without questioning the basis of those beliefs


Innate sociocentrism

Innate Sociocentrism

“It’s true because we believe it!”

  • Assuming beliefs within groups are true without questioning it


Innate wish fulfillment

Innate Wish-Fulfillment

“Its true because I want to believe it!”

  • Believing whatever supports your beliefs and puts you in a positive light without considering the evidence


Innate self validation

Innate Self-Validation

“It’s true because I have always believed it!”

  • Desire to maintain long-held beliefs without examining if those beliefs are justified


Innate selfishness

Innate Selfishness

“It’s true because it’s in my selfish interest to believe it!”

  • Clinging to beliefs that give you personal advantages even if there is no evidence for those beliefs


Cultural psychology s four main guidelines for development

Cultural Psychology’s Four Main Guidelines for Development


1 culture may be the most important determinant of development

1. Culture may be the most important determinant of development

  • You can tell how most likely a child will develop by their culture

  • Children who grow up in a more individualistic culture like North America will be more rebellious and competitive

  • In a more collectivist culture like Africa they are more likely to be respectful and cooperative


2 human development cannot be studied outside its sociocultural context

2. Human development cannot be studied outside its sociocultural context

  • Different places have different views on authoritative figures

  • Researchers in child development believe that children should only be studied within their developmental niche

  • Developmental niche has three components:

  • The physical/social contexts in the child’s life

  • The culture and educational practices

  • The psychological characteristics of parents


3 each culture s ethnotheories are important determinants of behaviour

3. Each culture’s ethnotheories are important determinants of behaviour

  • Each culture has a set of ideas and beliefs (ethnotheories)

  • Ex. Specific cultures have different beliefs on how a child should be trained


4 culture is largely invisible to its participants

4. Culture is largely invisible to its participants

  • Culture consists of ideals, values, and assumptions that guide specific behaviours


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