Serbia f orum cultural heritage digitization project with emphasis on semantic indexing
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Serbia- F orum Cultural Heritage Digitization Project with Emphasis on Semantic Indexing. Aleksandar Mihajlović Vladisav Jelisavčić Bojan Marinković Zoran Ognjanović Veljko Milutinović Zoran Markovi ć Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences

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Serbia- F orum Cultural Heritage Digitization Project with Emphasis on Semantic Indexing

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Serbia-ForumCultural Heritage Digitization Project with Emphasis on Semantic Indexing

Aleksandar Mihajlović

Vladisav JelisavčićBojan MarinkovićZoran Ognjanović

Veljko Milutinović

ZoranMarković

Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences

KnezMihailova 36,

11000 Belgrade, Serbia


What is Serbia-Forum?

  • Two characters

    • Credible encyclopedic articles written by credible authors (similar to already present e-encyclopedias)

    • Digitizationof cultural and national heritage

      • Books

      • Archive documents

      • Images of culturally significant Serbian works of Art

      • 3D scanning of culturally significant places

        • Churches

        • Monasteries

        • Museums

        • Homes of famous Serbs

      • Etc

      • (quick digression on the next slide)


Motivation: Why Serbia- Forum?

  • Research

    • Semantic searching

      • Semantic text and image search

  • Presence

    • Credible source of information about cultural heritage of Serbia

    • Free, centralized and easily accessible

  • Preservation

    • Prolong the life of articles of cultural heritage for the generations to come

    • Back up of historically and culturally significant documents

      • Natural disasters

      • War

      • Examples on the next slide


Motivation for Digitization

  • Why is “Preservation” a top priority?


What is Serbia-Forum?

  • Axioms holding Serbia-Forum together

    • Primary axioms(fixed to the serbia-forum project):

      • Content is selected and controlled by government funded and owned cultural and academic institutions

      • Each document is copy protected by a different license

      • Quality NOT quantity

    • Secondary axioms(implementable by other projects):

      • Semantic search

      • Version tracking of every document

      • Information about the authorof each document is supplied (biography)


What already exists

  • Wikipedia

  • Europeana

  • Austria-Forum . . . Europaea-Forum

  • Why Serbia-Forum?


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

  • One product of Wikimedia


Wikipedia

  • A broad collection of written knowledge in the form of articles(knowledge concerning the whole world)


Wikipedia

  • A broad collection of written knowledge in the form of articles (knowledge concerning the whole world)

    • Free encyclopedia

    • Distributed organization

      • Product localized by “lingual” regions

        • Wikipedia Serbia, WikipediaPoland, WikipediaItalyitd…


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

  • Wikipedia is based on free authorship merits of the “CC license” (Creative Commons license)

    • Every article written for wikipedia may be used, printed, sold and changed freely without breaking the law.

    • One of the main factors for the success and expansion of Wikipedia

    • Every user can write an article about any topic

    • Every article is apt to changes


Wikipedia

  • Articles are available in many languages

    • Wikipedia in Englishcontainsabout3 500 000 articles,

    • Wikipedia Germany about1 385 000,

    • Wikipedia Spainabout880 000, etc…

    • Wikipedia Serbiacontainsover156 000 articles inSerbian.


Wikipedia

  • Even if there exist a significant number of documents in Serbian, a significantly smaller number of articles represent concepts related to Serbian cultural heritage.

  • In the midst of insufficient representation, a need arises for the systematic collection and presentation of concepts, significant historical figures and events in Serbian history and culture.

  • One solution is: http://wwww.serbia-forum.org


Wikipedia

  • Strategic constraints of Wikipedia (1/2)

    • Encyclopedia of knowledge concerning the whole world, not only Serbia

      • Serbia and Wikipedia are connected by only one string: The Serbian language

    • Tracking article changes is a hassle

    • There is only one valid license: “CreativeCommons”

      • Which makes thing a bit inflexible

    • The free authorship approach sometimes doesn’t yield satisfactory results (credibility)

      • No editorial board to determine credibility of author and article

        • Articles can contain stereotypes, false truths and biased information


Wikipedia

  • Strategic constraint of Wikipedia (2/2)

    • Contains only encyclopedic articles;

      • Weak assortment ofbooks

      • Weak assortment of documents

      • No archive contents

    • Wikimedia Commons? Wikisource? Wikibooks?

      • Repeat: Only one valid license: “CreativeCommons”

      • Out of context


Europeana

  • Collection of information concerning European cultural heritage

    • Access to millions of books, pictures, museum pieces, movies and archive data

    • It’s not an encyclopedia

  • Under the supervision of the Europeana foundation

    • Over 2000 institutions all over Europe

    • Every institution individually is responsible for the selection and presentation of its contents

    • Contribution is exclusively reserved for institutions


Europeana

  • Advantages?

    • Rights are protected

    • Credibility is ensured

    • Content is diverse

  • Disadvantages?

    • It is just a portal

    • Collection of documents vs encyclopedia


Austria Forum


Austria-Forum

  • Collection of knowledge about Austria


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content

    • Biografies of the most renown Austrians


Austria-Forum

  • Biographies


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content

    • Biografies

    • Homeland Lexicon “Heimatlexikon”

      • Popular themes are depicted through short films


Austria-Forum

  • Homeland Lexicon“Heimatlexikon”


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content

    • Biografies

    • Homeland Lexicon “Heimatlexikon”

    • Web books Austria

      • Digitized books


Austria-Forum

  • Web books Austria


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content

    • Biografies

    • Homeland Lexicon “Heimatlexikon”

    • Web books Austria

      • Digitized books

      • Web books internet application for reading digitized books


Austria-Forum

  • Web books Austria


Austria-Forum

  • Over 20.000 units of content

    • Indexing of content

    • Biografies

    • Homeland Lexicon “Heimatlexikon”

    • Web books Austria

    • Austria-Forum Society

      • Every member can make his/her own personal homepage and can personally contribute written articles to the Austria-Forum article collection

      • Every member can contribute to the development of a single article

        • Similar to wikipedia

      • Every change made in the article is documented, thus all changes can be tracked


Serbia-Forum

http://www.serbia-forum.org


Serbia-Forum

  • “The first and unofficial”version of the web presentationof “Serbia-Forum”is already online .


Serbia-Forum


Serbia-Forum

  • Current content (current state)

    • Digitized documents

    • Digitized books

    • Photo gallery

    • Articles underway

      • Selected authors

      • Authors from various trusted societies & organizations


Serbia-Forum

  • Digitized documents


Serbia-Forum

  • Digitized books


Serbia-Forum

  • Photo gallery


Serbia-Forum

  • Semantic indexing of content (1/2)

    • Smart text content searching

      • Broad search queries lead to specific results

Nikola Tesla

1850 – 1860

Austro-Hungary

New York, 1943

Born 1856 in Austro-Hungary

Died in New York City in 1943


Serbia-Forum

  • Semantic indexing of content (2/2)

    • Smart image content searching

      • Correlating an image to similar images

General PavleJurišić Sturm

Marshall Josip Broz Tito


Serbia-Forum

  • Articles


Serbia-Forum

  • Primarycharacter

    • Content is under the supervision of credible government institutions whose purpose is to preserve and all aspects of heritage in Serbia

    • Infrastructure which will dictate how each document will be protected and by which license(Cultural heritage is rich in content that cannot be covered by the CC license)

    • Quality and not quantity (small number of pearls)

    • Translation is adapted to the region of the user


Serbia-Forum

  • Secondary character

    • Semantic search

    • Version tracking of each document

    • Information about each article author(s) is available

    • Editorial board


Active Participating Institutions in Serbia

  • Archives of Serbia

  • SANU (Serbian Academy of Arts and Science)

  • National Library of Serbia

  • Historical Archive of Belgrade

  • Filological Faculty of the University of Belgrade, Serbia

  • Faculty of Political Science of the University of Belgrade, Serbia

  • And more…..


AleksandarDedicDecembar 2010

www.serbia-forum.org


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